Diet № 9
Jun 02, 2018
On the set of products and cooking they are not much different from diet No. 8, since they are mainly intended for patients with diabetes mellitus. In this case, an excess of carbohydrates, fats, table salt and nitrogen-containing extractives is harmful. Easily assimilated carbohydrates, and first of all sucrose, are excluded from the diet.
Diabetes mellitus in patients with normal or slightly overweight, who are not receiving insulin treatment or receiving it in small doses, and also in cases when the treatment is performed with tableted hypoglycemic drugs.
Intended purpose. Effects on the disturbed carbohydrate metabolism for its normalization.
General characteristics of .The diet is characterized by a normal content in the diet of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, moderate restriction of table salt and a relative decrease in caloric intake. The diet is injected with an increased amount of ascorbic acid, B vitamins due to bran, dog rose and other products. To improve liver function, the diet is enriched with products containing lipotropic factors( cottage cheese, oatmeal, etc.).To improve the rates of fat metabolism and blood coagulation, the proportion of vegetable fats is increased in the diet. Sugar is replaced with xylitol or sorbitol. A mode of a food fractional - 5 times a day.
All food is cooked mostly in boiled and baked form. The temperature of food is normal.
Chemical composition and calorific value of .Proteins 100 g, fats 70-80 grams, carbohydrates 300 g. Caloric content is 2300 kcal. Table salt 10-12 g. The total mass of the diet 3 kg, free liquid 1.2-2.5 liters.
Bread and bakery products-bread predominantly rye 200-300 grams per day.
Soups are mainly on vegetable broth, and not more often 1-2 times a week, on a weak meat or fish broth. Meat and fish dishes - low-fat varieties of beef, veal, poultry, rabbit in boiled and jellied form, mostly low-fat fish varieties( pike perch, cod, pike, navaga, carp) in boiled, baked form. Eggs and egg products - no more than 1 egg a day( soft-boiled or in the form of a steam or baked omelet).
Milk and milk products - milk, yogurt, yogurt, cottage cheese in kind or in the form of cheese cakes, puddings. Cheese, sour cream, cream in limited quantities.
Vegetables and greens - white cabbage, color, lettuce, rutabaga, radish, cucumbers, zucchini. Potatoes, beets, carrots( no more than 200 g per day).During the day, 900-1000 g of vegetables are recommended in raw, boiled and baked form. Greens( dill, parsley, lettuce, etc.) in salads with vegetable oil and as an additive to dishes.
Fruits, berries, sweets - sour and sweet and sour varieties of fruits and berries( apples Antonovskie, lemons, oranges, red currants, cranberries, etc.-up to 200 g per day) in kind, in the form of compotes on xylitol, sorbitol.
Cereals and pasta-in limited quantities( eat occasionally by reducing the amount of bread).
Fats-butter, vegetable oil - only 40 grams per day( in free form and for cooking).Appetizers - salads, vinaigrettes, jellied lean fish, rough cheese, herring soaked, fish canned in oil.
Sauces and spices-non-quick sauces on vegetable broth, milk sauces;spices are excluded.
Drinks and juices - tea is not strong, tea with milk, coffee is not strong, tomato juice, fruit and berry juices from sour varieties of berries, fruits, compotes.
Prohibited : fatty meats, fish, strong( rich) broths of meat, fish and mushrooms;spices;sweet varieties of fruits, berries, vegetables;confectionery products, sweets, biscuits, other sweets( except products on xylitol), strong coffee, cocoa, chocolate;caviar of sturgeon and other fish;refractory fats, internal organs of animals, brains;alcoholic beverages.
Approximate set of products per day( in g)
Vegetable oil - 20
Butter - 20
Milk - 200
Oat groats - 50
Sour cream - 40
Tomatoes - 20
Carrot - 75
Potatoes - 200
Cabbage - 200
Greens other - 25
Apples - 200
Prostock - 200
Bread white( wheat) -100
Bread black( rye) - 200
1st breakfast-buckwheat cereal crumbly( 150 g), cottage cheese skimmed with milk( 150 g), tea.
2nd breakfast - yeast drink( without sugar) - 1 glass.
Vegetarian lunch-borsch with sour cream( 1/2 portion), boiled meat( 75 g), boiled potatoes( 100 g), lemon yolk on xylitol( 100 g).
Snack - fresh apples( 100 g).
Dinner-meatballs meat steamed( 110g), braised carrots( 150g), 1 cabbage cabbage( 200g).
At night, kefir( 1 glass).
For the whole day-rye bread 150-200 g, wheat 100 g, fruit fresh 300 g.