• How to quickly cure a runny nose at home

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    The most unpleasant manifestation of acute prescription is a runny nose. This disease worsens well-being and lowers the tone of the body.

    The sense of smell disappears, breathing becomes difficult, appetite decreases, insomnia appears and a lot of unpleasant sensations.

    Discomfort is associated not only with the need to use handkerchiefs, this ailment is poisoning your privacy and reduces your vitality.

    Many are embarrassed to appear in crowded places with a swollen red nose and a handkerchief. Often, for this reason, important contracts are not concluded and problems appear at work. But this is not the main thing. Runny nose is fraught with many complications, diseases of internal organs and nervous system disorders. Therefore, it is necessary to combat it at the first manifestations.

    What is a common cold?

    Rhinitis is an irritation of the mucous membrane and inflammation of the nasal passages. Another name - rhinitis from the Greek word - rhinos( nose).There are two kinds of common cold - acute, due to the defeat of viruses or bacteria, and chronic, due to the traumas, professional factors( work in harmful conditions with dust, smoke and chemicals).
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    Acute rhinitis often appears in the cold season during hypothermia. Viruses cause the appearance of acute respiratory viral infection, the bacteria mucosally damage the nasal mucosa, as a result of which the nasal cavity becomes inflamed, and in 2-3 days a runny nose appears.

    If acute rhinitis is not treated, complications occur - sinusitis, bronchitis, etc. Chronic form of the common cold can result from improper treatment, negative living conditions, surgical intervention.

    Types of the common cold

    At the doctor's appointment, the first question the otolaryngologist tries to answer is what kind of rhinitis a patient has? There are several types of common cold: infectious rhinitis, allergic and vasomotor. All forms of the disease are similar in symptoms, differ in different mechanisms of the course and appearance of the disease.

    1. 1) Infectious rhinitis occurs due to viral exposure or infection to bacteria.
    2. 2) Allergic rhinitis occurs as a result of exposure to the body of an allergen.
    3. 3) Vasomotor rhinitis is caused by a violation of the autonomic functions of blood vessels. More similar signs have allergic and vasomotor types of the common cold. The form of vasomotor rhinitis for certain medical classifications is allergic and neurovegetative rhinitis.

    Allergic rhinitis

    Allergic rhinitis is a consequence of exposure to the allergen and sensitivity to the body, and the neurovegetative form of the common cold is a consequence of the hypothalamus, nervous and endocrine system.20% of the population suffer from allergic rhinitis, many of whom are not aware of this. Long-term treatment with folk remedies only burdens the consequences of the common cold. Allergic rhinitis is permanent or seasonal.

    Due to flowering of plants with pollen, which can cause allergic reactions, seasonal rhinitis appears( see how to treat allergy to flowering).If you get on the mucous membrane of the nose, inflammation occurs, and the allergen can be not one, but several species of plants.

    It is important to treat seasonal rhinitis correctly and on time, otherwise the duration and multiple exacerbations will lead to a permanent form of the disease. For allergic rhinitis is characterized by the presence of pale, gray color of the nasal mucosa. When testing serum, antibodies are detected.

    The disease develops very quickly, sneezing and discharge of watery liquid from the nose appear. Allergen can be plant pollen, animal hair, household chemicals. Passes rhinitis quickly after eliminating the cause of the disease. Treatment necessarily includes antihistamines. The most effective method of blocking relapses is to protect against allergens by removing from the flowering zone of plants. Often patients go to other places where there are no agents provoking allergies.

    Non-allergic rhinitis

    If nasal secretion reveals eosinophils, then most likely non-allergic rhinitis caused by an acid metabolism disorder occurs. Then rhinitis becomes a manifestation of other diseases - polyposis sinusitis, recurrent bronchial asthma.

    Non-infectious vasomotor rhinitis is possible due to the constant use of vasoconstrictive and hypotensive drugs, hormonal disorders, vegetative-vascular dystonia.

    Symptoms of a vasomotor runny nose are nasal congestion, which occurs with negative factors - stress and supercooling.

    Infectious rhinitis

    An infectious rhinitis occurs due to exposure to viruses, secondary bacteria. Symptoms are sneezing, nasal congestion, watery and purulent discharge.

    Other signs of acute viral infection are manifested - high fever, headache, redness of the conjunctiva of the eye( see how to treat conjunctivitis).Most often this type of rhinitis occurs against the background of other diseases - bronchitis, pharyngitis.

    Duration of the disease is approximately 7-10 days. With prolonged course can go into a chronic form. All types of rhinitis can have a mild, moderate or severe form of the disease.

    Depending on the type of rhinitis, appropriate treatment is prescribed.

    Treatment of an allergic rhinitis

    For a patient with allergic rhinitis, the first thing you need is to identify the type of allergen and eliminate contact with it. Further, drug treatment with antihistamines is carried out.

    For example, loratadine, cetirizine, fexofenadine, ebastine are antagonists of H1 receptors. The drugs have an easy sedative effect and eliminate the symptoms of rhinitis - burning, rhinorrhea, itching, sneezing. Also used are combined systems: antihistamines and decongestants.

    Corticosteroids that cure all the signs of rhinitis have a high effect. These drugs include beclomethasone, mometasone furoate, dipropionate, etc.

    Treatment of an infectious cold

    In the case of infectious rhinitis, all measures should be taken to control the virus infection. The patient is recommended bed rest, plentiful drink, foot baths. Well protects against colds vitamin C. When the first symptoms of acute respiratory viral infection, namely high fever, sore throat, burning in the nose, you should immediately drink tea with lemon and take ascorbic acid.

    At high temperature prescribe antipyretic drugs. For the treatment of the common cold, inhalations with aromatic oils - eucalyptus, tea tree, lavender, lemon - are recommended. To facilitate breathing, vasoconstrictive drugs are prescribed, which remove the swelling of the mucous membrane and nasal congestion.

    However, do not take these nasal drops for more than a week. Otherwise, there may be a restructuring at the cellular level and loss of the ability to smell.

    There are groups of drugs that facilitate the patient's condition in rhinitis. These drugs include:

    • antiviral;
    • vasoconstrictive;
    • moisturizing;
    • antibacterial;
    • bacterial vaccines;
    • homeopathic preparations.
    Antiviral drugs are obtained from leukocytes from human donor blood or in the laboratory using genetic engineering. Eliminate the main cause of rhinitis - infection, suppress the growth of viruses. Such drugs are prescribed not only for treatment, but also for the prevention of respiratory diseases.

    Moisturizers help normalize the mucosal state and promote its purification. The activity of cilia and glands increases, as a result of which mucus is easily removed. Moisturizers contain trace elements, salts, and they are prepared from sea salt.

    Antibacterial drugs fight bacteria in the nasal cavity and sinuses. Produced in the form of aerosols, which affect only the focus of the disease.

    Bacterial vaccines have gained popularity due to their high effectiveness for the prevention of ENT diseases. The composition of vaccines include bacterial antigens of the most common pathogens of colds. When ingested, antibodies are produced - protective substances that counteract viruses and bacteria.

    With reduced immunity and frequent catarrhal diseases, doctors prescribe vaccines - bronchomunal, bronchovax, etc. To homeopathic preparations are drops on the basis of essential oils - mint and menthol. They remove puffiness, have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effect.

    Folk remedies for the common cold

    Folk remedies for rhinitis include essential oils. Sometimes inhalation is used over crushed garlic or grated onions. If the rhinitis is infectious, then it is recommended that the maxillary sinuses be heated. To do this, you can use a bag of heated salt.

    It is best to treat the body as a whole. To take plentiful drink: broth of a dogrose, tea with a lemon, a raspberry. Prevention of the disease is an increase in immunity, intake of vitamins and hardening.

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