Degrees of ovulation of the kidney: signs of pathology
The pathology of the omission of the kidney is called nephroptosis differently. Mostly the disease affects the right side. In medicine, there are three degrees of omission of this organ. The affected kidney becomes highly mobile and shifts by about 10-12 cm, and the norm of displacement healthy should not exceed 1-2 cm.
Often this disease occurs in women of the age group from 25 to 45 years old who perform heavy physical work. In addition, the pathology occurs against the background of a transmitted infection, a lumbar injury or a rapid decrease in body weight.
For what reasons can the despair develop
? The main reasons for the development of nephroptosis should be attributed:
- A sharp decrease in weight.
- Genetic predisposition.
- Lesions of ligamentous apparatus - abdominal and lumbar injuries, lifting of weights or a hernia.
- Formation of a hematoma in the cellulose near the kidney.
According to medical statistics, omission of the kidney is more often diagnosed in women due to the influence on the organ of the following etiological factors:
- The ligamentous apparatus includes connective tissue, which in female representatives is more extensible.
- Weaker muscles of the abdominal wall.
- Stretching of the abdominal wall after delivery, which leads to a decrease in intra-abdominal pressure.
- The fatty capsule of the kidney in a woman is wider and shorter in comparison with the body of a man.
Degrees and symptoms of the development of the disease
Depending on the severity of the course of the pathology and clinical signs, three stages of development of the desecration are classified:
The omission of the 1 degree - it is probed already by 1/3.At the height of the inspiration at its completion, the lower part of the kidney is palpated, which on exhalation leaves in the hypochondrium. This is the first stage, taking place without pronounced clinical manifestations. With the development of the lowering of the body by seven or more centimeters, there may be passing pains that give back to the lower back. Such pain develops due to the expansion of the fascial renal capsule.
This is important! The pain manifests itself mainly only in severe physical exertion and does not disturb the patient at rest or end after the body assumes a horizontal position when the kidney is in its bed. The sign of omission on the right side becomes a feeling of heaviness in the right hypochondrium.
Omission of 2nd degree - when the kidneys whole kidney leaves the arch under the ribs and becomes accessible for probing by 2/3 if the patient takes the vertical position of the body. In the horizontal position, the kidney returns to its own place.
With increasing degree of displacement of the kidneys, clinical signs of pathology become more intense. The pain intensifies and becomes similar to the signs of renal colic. The pain arises and with physical exertion, and with a sharp change of posture. At this stage of the development of pathology, changes in the composition of urine begin - the concentration of protein and erythrocytes increases. All this indicates a stagnation of blood in the kidney due to a violation of the outflow of venous blood.
Omission of the third degree - with the kidney beginning to come out from under the costal arch and gradually descending to the small pelvis. The pain becomes permanent and can radiate into the groin area. In this situation, the pain is supplemented by nausea with vomiting.
With the development of the third degree of ovulation of the kidney, the intensity of pain will not depend on the posture. By this time, the development of complications, for example, pyelonephritis, arterial hypertension, hydronephrosis transformation of the kidneys, begins. A pronounced pain syndrome is not the only sign of the omission of the organ.
This is important! With the second and third degree of omission, there is forecal bleeding during the process of urination, which develops due to prolonged disturbances in blood flow and progressive renal hypertension.
In addition to the main signs of kidney failure, patients often complain of some mental disorders:
- sleep disturbance;
- high degree of excitability;
- lack of appetite;
- is depressed;
- great fatigue;
- attacks of dizziness.
How is the diagnosis of the development of descent
Diagnosis of this pathology at an early stage can be established on the basis of obtaining information from the medical history and information about clinical signs. Patients often complain of pain in the lumbar region during physical exertion. The general analysis of urine is characterized by an increase in the concentration of proteins and the presence of blood - which also correlates with a strong physical strain.
The main diagnostic method of the disease is an X-ray examination by introducing a contrast that is realized in the vertical or horizontal position of the body. The degree of mobility of the organ is determined in relation to the vertebrae in the lumbar region.
Organization of effective treatment of
Conservative therapy is used provided there is no indication for surgical intervention. Such treatment consists in using a bandage, which is put on the lumbar region in the lying position in the morning. Correctly to put on a bandage at an exhalation. If the body weight is small, the doctor prescribes a diet to increase it in order to accumulate a sufficient amount of fat in the protective capsule of the kidney.
For severe pain, the use of antispasmodics and analgesics is indicated. It is recommended to take warm baths, sleep in a position with slightly raised legs.
Operation is required when there are serious indications for conducting it. Serious impairment of functioning and severe omission causes severe pain, which prevents normal functioning. Also, the pressure is constantly rising.
Surgical surgery is also recommended for the development of pyelonephritis, which can not be treated with anti-inflammatory drugs or with the appearance of blood in the urine due to omission.
This is important! In the absence of indications for surgery at the first - the second degree of the disease development, effective remedies of traditional medicine are applied as a supplement to the basic therapy.
What can lead to omission of
The omission of this organ is a pathology that requires compulsory treatment. Otherwise, the risk of unwanted complications increases. The omission causes a violation of the urinary retention - this causes a strong increase in blood pressure indicators. Even when the disease does not manifest itself, complications can begin in the parenchyma of the kidney.
Misalignment of urine causes the development of pyelonephritis, the symptomatology of which disrupts the habitual life activity of a person.
Kidney is often the cause of hypertension - which increases the risk of strokes. In addition, high mobility of the kidney causes the formation of calculi in the kidney. And in women, a spontaneous miscarriage may occur. For timely treatment you need to know the signs of the disease clearly and go to the doctor on time.Like the article? Share with friends and acquaintances: