Effective treatment of folk hydronephrosis kidneys
Hydronephrosis is a pathology of the bowl-and-pelvis system due to urinary diversion and increased hydrostatic pressure in the calyx and kidney buds, atrophy of the kidney tissue and progressive deterioration of the organ. Treatment of folk remedies for hydronephrosis of the kidney is ineffective, as it does not allow to eliminate the main causes and signs of the disease.
In the kidney parenchyma urine is formed, and in the cups and pelvis it subsequently accumulates and passes into the ureter that connects to the bladder.
This pathology mainly affects women from the age of 25 to 35 years.
Classification of the disease
By the time of its development, hydronephrosis is primary or congenital and acquired or dynamic. According to the severity of the leak, a severe, mild and moderate type of hydronephrosis is isolated, and for localization, a one-sided and two-sided type.
This is important! In urology, lesions of both right and left kidneys are equally often diagnosed, and bilateral hydronephrosis is diagnosed only in 9% of cases.
The course of the disease can be acute or chronic. In acute hydronephrosis, in the case of a timely correction of the condition, complete restoration of kidney function occurs. In the chronic form of hydronephrosis, the kidney function deteriorates irreversibly. Depending on the presence or absence of an infectious process, hydronephrosis manifests itself as an aseptic or an infected type.
Causes of kidney damage
The causes of kidney damage vary, but fall into two main groups:
- Causes of bladder blockage or obstruction in any area of the urinary system - in the ureter, urethra, etc.
- Causes of urinary reversal due to malfunction of the valve in the bladder.
By the nature of the manifestations and the place of the defeat, the causes of pathology are external, internal and functional.
In the ureter region, as a rule, internal causes are tumorous tumors, polyps, blood clots, stones, fungal pathologies of the urethra, tuberculosis, etc. An external obstruction for urinary outflow in the ureter segment can be formed through sarcoma, due to pregnancy, because of the development of cervical oncology, ovarian cysts, prolapse of the uterus, prostate tumor, improper location of the artery of the kidney.
From the bladder side to internal causes should include urolithiasis, carcinoma, diverticulum in the bladder, contracture of the cervix in the bladder. Functional disorders include the detection of a neurogenic bladder.
Among internal injuries of the canal, development of hydronephrosis can provoke strictures in the urethra, diverticula, atresia of the canal. External obstructions may be malignant tumors of the prostate or hyperplasia.
With the development of hydronephrosis, damage to various parts of the urinary tract also occurs due to obstruction of the urinary tract, their trauma, inflammation, due to damage to the spinal cord.
If the obstruction to proper urine diversion is below the pelvic-ureteral zone, then not only the pelvis, but the ureter itself expand.
Symptoms of the development of the pathology of
Often the development of hydronephrosis is not accompanied by any symptoms, so the disease manifests itself only after infection, trauma or is diagnosed accidentally by feeling the abdominal cavity. Signs specifically for hydronephrosis are absent. Most often, the disease manifests itself as pain in the lumbar region of various noxious forces, and at early stages of the development of the disease, there are attacks of renal colic. Pain may disturb the patient during the day.
Attacks of pain are usually accompanied by nausea with vomiting, bloating and lifting of blood pressure. Often patients complain of a decrease in the volume of urine before or during an attack, as well as an increase in the volume of urine after the end of the attack. In the started steel hydronephrosis acute pain is not manifested.
The temperature during the development of an attack rises only when the body becomes infected.
An important sign of the disease is a large tumor tumor that is probed in the hypochondrium.
This is important! Sometimes the only symptom of failure is the presence of blood in the urine at the first stages of the development of the disease. Macroscopic hematuria occurs in 20% of patients, and microhematuria is much more common.
At the terminal stage of hydronephrosis, the functioning of the organ is severely impaired, but the symptoms of kidney failure are manifested primarily in bilateral lesions.
Organization of effective treatment of pathology
Treatment of hydronephrosis involves removing the causes of its development and, if necessary, reducing the size of the pelvis and retaining the organ.
Conservative therapy is practically ineffective and is used only in the development of inflammation, to alleviate pain, to reduce blood pressure, to eliminate signs of renal insufficiency, or as a preparation for the operation.
The methods of implementing a surgical intervention include reconstructive surgery involving the preservation of the organ. There are a lot of methods, and the type and amount of surgical intervention will depend on the etiological factors. The further forecast of treatment depends on them.
Indications for plastic surgery are the started stages of unilateral or bilateral damage, when the work of kidney tissue is not severely affected, and the causes that provoked pathologists are amenable to elimination.
Removal of the kidney is indicated in a situation where the body almost completely loses its ability to work properly, and its preservation becomes dangerous due to the risk of serious complications.Like the article? Share with friends and acquaintances: