First aid for pain in the heart
Mar 29, 2018
In case of acute pain in the heart area of , the patient should:
- immediately stop work, try to sit or lie down;
- unbutton collar, release the strap;
- put a nitroglycerin tablet under your tongue, or a tablet of validol, or a piece of sugar with 6-7 drops, take 30 drops of valokurdin or corvalol;
- if after that the pain persists for 5 minutes, put the second nitroglycerin tablet under the tongue, ask your family or colleagues to immediately call an ambulance.
The patient should:
- do not leave a person with pain in the heart of one;
- provide him with fresh air;
- if after the administration of these drugs the pain does not pass, call an ambulance, and in rural conditions, immediately send for a doctor or a medical assistant;
- in anticipation of the doctor to put the patient 2 mustard plasters on the sternum, give him a half-lodged position and, if he is conscious, legs lowered to the ankle in the basin with hot water;
- if the heart stopped and breathing failed, without waiting for the doctor, start the whole complex of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, including closed heart massage and artificial respiration.
Signs of cardiac arrest: absence of pulse on carotid artery;dilated pupils that do not respond to light;absence of breath.
Initially, 4 breaths are done, then, if one revives, then alternates 15 pressure on the sternum - 2 breaths;if the two are animated, then alternate 5 pressure on the sternum - 1 inhalation.
When pressed on the sternum, it moves toward the spine for 3-4 cm.
The heart is compressed, and blood flows into the arteries.
The victim should lie on the ground, on the floor or on the board. The soft surface "extinguishes" the shocks on the chest, and they do not reach the target.
Sharp rhythmic( but not too strong) pressure produced without bending arms in the elbows and helping yourself with the weight of the trunk. After each push, they relax their hands, not taking them away from the sternum.
When you come from the side, feel for the lower end of the sternum, put the lower part of the palm above the palm of your hand and place it on the palm of the other hand at a right angle.
The fingers of the hands should not touch the chest.
Remember: pressure on the sternum is made at a frequency of 60-80 times per minute, artificial respiration( inspiration) is done by the method "from mouth to mouth" or "from mouth to nose"( through a double folded gauze).
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation should be carried out in such a rhythm until the patient has an independent breathing and pulse or until the ambulance arrives.