Rules for the imposition of bandages
Mar 24, 2018
When starting the bandaging, make two or three rounds( rotation) of the bandage to fix it. The bandage should smoothly and smoothly roll out and tightly fit the bandage part of the body without squeezing it.
On the , the shoulder is usually made with a spiral bandage. Having secured the first two or three rounds above the elbow, continue to bandage upwards so that each subsequent bandage tour half or two-thirds closes the previous one.
Forearm or shin bandage from below upwards and lead each spiral spiral, but with an excess of bandage. This will ensure a more tight fit of the bandage.
On the ankle joint or brush ( without bandaging of the fingers), a cross-shaped( 8-shaped) dressing is recommended, but it does not fall down and does not interfere with normal blood circulation( Fig.29).
If the wrist or of the lower third of the shin is damaged, a circular or bandage dressing is recommended in which the bandage tours cover each other.
tours of the bandage are crossed like the number eight.
Knee or elbow joint is also banded crosswise, but the bandage tours intersect on the flexor surface of the joint( in the ulnar or knee fossa).
On , the finger of the hand is applied with a spiral bandage: after two or three circular rounds around the wrist, a bandage 3-4 cm wide on the back surface of the wrist lead to the tip of the finger, then spiraling towards the base of the finger, then again through the rear of the hand, bring the bandage towrist and secure. So you can bandage all the fingers in turn.
If you need to carefully close the tip of your finger, make a return bandage: the bandage band goes first on the back of the finger, then bend the bandage on the tip of the finger, close its palm surface, and then strengthen the bandage with the bandage rounds around the finger.
For bandaging brushes, especially four fingers, except the large one, use the same return bandage, but the bandage is taken in a width of 9-10 cm.
Four fingers feet, except the first, you can also bandage the same. First tours of the bandage fasten above the ankle, then lead a bandage on lifting to the fingers, fold two or three times there and back and fix by transverse rounds around the foot. Fasten the bandage over the ankle.
For the first toe of the foot, a spiral bandage is recommended. Use a bandage width of about 4 cm. Bandage tours first lead circularly above the ankle, then on the rise to the finger, and bandage it spirally.
To remove the bandage, unwind the bandage, keeping your hands close to the surface of the body. If the bandage needs to be removed quickly, cut it.
Harness dressing is used when there is no gauze bandage. When applying a bandage, for example, on a hand, the hand is hindered in the center of the scarf by the palm of the hand, with the fingers to the top of the scarf. Then the top is closed with a brush from the back surface, and the ends are tied with a knot on the wrist. Just make a bandage bandage on the foot.
Adhesive plaster is convenient to fix cotton-gauze pads, when it is necessary to close a small wound, especially with damage to the soft tissues of the face. Strips of plaster are cut out in different shapes and sizes depending on the location of the damage, but so that the length of the surface of the plaster tape that is attached to the skin is about 4 cm. It is not recommended to apply adhesive plaster on the fibrous parts of the body.
The tubular bandages reliably fix the cotton-gauze pads due to their elasticity on the damaged part of the body. There are seven sizes of mesh-tubular bandages;their diameter in the free state is from 1 to 5 cm.
To apply a mesh-tubular bandage, select the desired bandage number( for example, for the finger of the brush - No. 1, for the foot - No. 2, for the shin - No. 3), cut off the appropriate lengthpiece from the roll, put on the wound cotton-gauze sterile material, with both hands from the inside, stretch the reticulum-bandage bandage and put it on the damaged part of the body.