Follicular sore throat: symptoms and treatment, photo, prevention

  • Follicular sore throat: symptoms and treatment, photo, prevention

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    Follicular angina is an acute infectious disease in which the lymphoid part of the pharynx is affected. When it appears, the tonsillar follicles fester in the form of white dots 3-5 mm in size.

    Follicular sore throat is often seasonal, that is, winter and autumn are the main periods of a spike in the disease. However, preschool children and school-age children are ill even in the summer.

    Because follicular angina is specific for its complications, it is extremely important to undergo timely treatment with a therapist or an otolaryngologist.

    Angina is caused by bacteria: streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci. Most often the disease is caused by beta-hemolytic streptococcus group A, it occurs in about 70-80% of cases. Follicular angina occurs in the patient is quite difficult, complications appear also often.

    Symptoms of follicular sore throat

    The main symptoms of follicular sore throat are as follows:

    1. 1) A sharp onset of the disease with a temperature of 39-40 degrees. The patient feels all the signs of intoxication: sweating, weakness, loss of appetite, muscle aches and a feeling of ache in the lower back, as well as a headache.
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    2. 2) Severe sore throat, which increases when swallowing;
    3. 3) Purulent lesions are visible on the tonsils - follicles, which are translucent through the mucous membrane. This type of angina is characterized by tonsils covered with suppuration with a yellowish-white hue.
    4. 4) Cervical lymph nodes increase, pain is felt when they are pressed.
    5. 5) Reddening and enlarged palatine tonsils are seen.
    6. 6) With a severe runny nose, the patient can not breathe through the nose.
    7. 7) There is a loss of appetite.
    Read more: catarrhal angina, lacunar angina, and purulent angina.

    Follicular sore throat in children

    The course of the disease in children differs from the picture of sore throat in adults. In young children, in addition to the characteristic symptoms of sore throat, salivation, refusal to eat, pain in the ears also appear.

    Treatment of follicular sore throat in children should be specific, as the progression of the disease passes faster, perhaps also a more complicated course of the disease. That is why the treatment should be treated differently:

    1. 1) In any form of follicular angina, children are necessarily hospitalized, as this is a complex infectious disease with consequences.
    2. 2) Sprays for children under 3 years of age are not used because babies are not yet able to control their breathing.
    3. 3) Antibiotics for children of primary school age are administered intravenously or intramuscularly. The rest of the drugs are best used in the form of syrups.
    At the first symptoms of the disease, do not hesitate to contact your doctor to prevent possible consequences.

    Treatment of follicular sore throat

    To recover, the doctor will most likely recommend the following therapy for the treatment of follicular sore throat:

    1. 1) Broad-spectrum antibiotics. Therapists prescribe penicillin antibiotics, cephalosporins, macrolides. With such infection as streptococcus, the following medications are considered to be the most effective: amoxicillin, ampicillin, and also preparations containing beta-lactase inhibitors. Such a drug as sumamed is prescribed if the other therapy is ineffective. If the medicine does not work, change one type of antibiotic to another.
    2. 2) Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used to lower pain and remove fever. These include paracetamol, abuprom, aspirin, nimesil.
    3. 3) For the treatment of the throat, solutions of dioxidine and chlorhexidine, chlorophyllipt, miramistin, furacillin, iodinol are used. It also uses a warm soda-salt solution, broths of chamomile and sage in order to clean the purulent coating. Rinse your throat every hour.
    4. 4) In hospital conditions, if necessary, detoxification therapy is provided. Such drugs as glucose and saline help to remove the effects of the disease.
    5. 5) To reduce the manifestations of allergy( swelling of the throat) with follicular angina, antihistamines are used: diazolin, tavegil, suprastin.
    6. 6) The risk of complications is less if the patient will clearly adhere to bed rest during the whole illness.
    7. 7) Abundant drink - something without which also can not do. Warm liquid in the form of juices, teas, herbal decoctions, milk and compote is very important for removing toxins.
    8. 8) Vitamins must be present in the food, additional supplements should also be taken with minerals. The patient must eat well to maintain the strength of the body. Food should be easily digestible, liquid or semi-liquid.
    9. 9) In support of the patient, people's means are used. For example, you need to take the red beets, rub it on a fine grater, squeeze off the juice in which you need to add one tablespoon of vinegar. Thoroughly rinse this solution about 6-7 times a day.
    With frequent follicular tonsillitis, it is advisable to remove the tonsils. Poorly cured tonsils bring a lot of harm to the body, including provoking autoimmune diseases.

    Complications of

    If the patient does not start on time to be treated, complications can not be avoided. When the pain in the throat is very strong and the patient drinks very little, dehydration and kidney diseases occur.

    If the treatment is not started in time on one tonsil can be podvitsya parathonsillar abscess. That is, in the tissues of the pharynx pus accumulates. Also, there is a possibility of spasm of muscles in severe pain. If there is a strong swelling of the throat, mandatory hospitalization is necessary. Also, blood poisoning or septicemia, myocarditis and glomerulonephritis may occur.

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