• Aphthous stomatitis: photo, treatment in adults, symptoms

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    Such a disease as aphthous stomatitis is one of the existing types of stomatitis.

    This is inflammation in the mouth, affecting the inner side of the cheeks.lips, tongue, characterized by the presence of painful sores or aphthae.

    Afts are ulcers of a rounded appearance. Usually they are equal to 1-5 mm. After eating, there is a burning sensation, as a result of this the patient feels discomfort and pain.

    Causes of the disease

    Therapy for aphthous stomatitis in adults depends to a large extent on the cause that caused the disease. Often, thus, our immunity reacts to various external stimuli, such as fungi, viruses, bacteria. Concerning aphthous stomatitis, it is usually preceded by a common illness like:

    • scarlet fever;
    • measles;
    • angina;
    • influenza;
    • of diphtheria;
    • of the herpes virus.
    In addition, dental diseases with the presence of staphylococci, streptococci, adenoviruses lead to this type of stomatitis. Other factors that accompany the development of the disease are the following:
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    • hypothermia of the body.
    • constant stress.
    • deficiency in food of vitamin B12, A and C, as well as iron, selenium and zinc.
    • of the gastrointestinal tract, including helminthiases.
    • disease of gums and teeth.
    • reduced protective function of the body. Including various immunodeficiency states.
    • traumatism of the mucosa due to a cut, a scratch of the teeth with food, a fork, and also the intake of heavily cold or hot food.
    • allergic reaction.
    • taking certain medications.
    • genetic predisposition.
    • hormonal failures in the body.
    The most common disease occurs in children. This is explained by the fact that small children have weaker immunity, and even a minor infection can provoke stomatitis.

    Read also, treatment of aphthous stomatitis in children at home.

    Symptoms of aphthous stomatitis - photos

    At the first stages of the disease the symptoms of aphthous stomatitis are similar to an ordinary acute respiratory infection. The adult person feels sluggish, irritable, his appetite decreases. In addition, the body temperature increases, and the cervical lymph nodes increase in size.

    On the further stage of the disease inside the oral cavity on the mucosa appears hyperemia. At this place, painful aphthae or ulcers arise. These are often single or grouped joints, reaching in diameter up to 5 mm. The sores are covered with a gray-white coating and have an outer border of red color.

    Without timely treatment, sores can continue to spread across the sky, tongue, cheeks. Soreness during the acute phase of stomatitis is very troubling to the patient. It is especially difficult to drink, eat, brush your teeth.


    A doctor therapist or dentist determines the disease by characteristic features. Basically no further research is required. However, when it comes to complex kinds of stomatitis, which do not heal mycoses for a long time and the traumas leading to oncology, additional research will be needed. Since such a disease as a viral pemphigus has similar symptoms, the doctor will eliminate this ailment.

    Sometimes aphthous stomatitis is diagnosed in patients with HIV, with intestinal, endocrine and other diseases. In medical practice several types of aphthous stomatitis are poured. These include cicatrizing, necrotic, grandulent and deformed. What type of disease is present in the patient in a particular case, states the doctor exclusively. In some cases, a smear is required to determine the causative agent of the disease.

    Only a doctor will be able to distinguish between aphthous stomatitis from Crohn's disease, gluten disease, and even human immunodeficiency virus.

    Treatment of aphthous stomatitis

    Before starting treatment of aphthous stomatitis in adults, careful attention should be paid to the proper disinfection of the oral cavity. The affected areas can be treated in the mouth by the following methods:

    • solution of furacilin,
    • solution of hydrogen peroxide;
    • solution of salt and soda;
    • solution of chlorhexidine.
    At home, painful aphthae can be treated with anti-inflammatory herbal infusions, ointments such as vagotyl, temovat, paradontic gel, metrogyl denta. Some simple chewing of propolis helps some patients.

    As additional tools, the doctor can recommend drugs with analgesic and anti-allergenic properties. These include hydrocortisone, lidocaine, novocaine. These drugs can strengthen the patient's body, in general.

    In the case of identifying the association of the disease with a viral infection, the patient is sometimes prescribed antiviral drugs. When focal inflammation after a few days heals, you should help your body. Used for the purpose of healing aphthous ulcers the following drugs:

    • vitamin A externally on the mucosa of the oral cavity;
    • complex of vitamins B, C, P inside;
    • solution of citral.
    • Propolis.
    If no competent treatment is performed, ulcers will heal themselves in 2 weeks. However, the transition of the disease into a chronic form is possible. Recurrent stomatitis is practically not treated.


    Preventative measures are as follows. To begin with, you should avoid any injuries to the oral cavity. Do not eat hard foods for food, do not gnaw nuts with shell and chicken bones. Also avoid buying toothbrushes with stiff bristles. Make sure that there is no sodium lauryl sulfate in the composition of your toothpaste, because often it is because of this component that stomatitis occurs. Talking with a full mouth is also not worth it.

    Once a half a year or a year come to the dentist. He will assess the condition of your teeth and oral cavity, recommend competent care and prevention.

    Treat chronic diseases! Do not think that chronic gastritis or pancreatitis will pass by itself. It is necessary to prevent the relapse by suitable means. So you will avoid repetition of aphthous stomatitis.

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