Symptoms of pharyngitis are perspiration, sore throat
Mar 18, 2018
Pharyngitis is an inflammation of the pharyngeal mucosa in acute or chronic form. Always accompanied by pain syndrome, perspiration, discomfort in the throat.
The most common cause of this disease is inhalation of cold or polluted air, as well as the effect of chemical irritations such as tobacco or alcohol. Symptoms of pharyngitis may differ depending on the location of the inflammation.
An infectious form of the disease is usually provoked by various microbes, viruses and fungi. Also, pharyngitis can develop because of the spread of infection from any focus of inflammation that is adjacent to the pharynx. This development of the disease occurs with sinusitis, rhinitis and tooth decay.
Classification and symptomatology
Acute pharyngitis can be divided into viral, bacterial, allergic, fungal, traumatic, chronic, and also caused by irritating factors.
Simple pharyngitis is divided into atrophic, hypertrophic pharyngitis and a mixed form.
Symptoms of an acute type in most cases are characterized by perspiration, dry mouth, discomfort and sore throat when swallowing. Sometimes there is a general malaise, there is also a fever. If there is inflammation of the tubopharyngeal ridges, the pain can radiate into the ears. Palpation is painful and is accompanied by an increase in the upper cervical lymph nodes.
In some cases, acute pharyngitis is the first manifestation of such infectious diseases as measles, scarlet fever and measles rubella.
Chronic pharyngitis symptoms is slightly different than acute. With this disease, the temperature does not rise, and the deterioration of the general condition is insignificant.
Symptoms of the disease in adults: dryness, perspiration, a feeling of a lump in the throat and a constant desire to "clear" the throat with a cough. In this case, cough is often stubborn and dry, which distinguishes it from a cough with tracheobronchitis. Discomfort in the throat can be explained by the need for frequent ingestion of mucus that is on the back wall of the pharynx. This adds to the patient's irritability and disturbs normal sleep.
Symptoms of atrophic pharyngitis look like this: a thin and dry mucous membrane of the pharynx, and also injectable vessels can be seen on it.
How does the disease manifest in children?
The cause of chronic disease in children are pathogenic viruses. However, the disease often occurs under the influence of various infectious diseases( streptococcus or mycoplasma).
Disease in children manifests itself in different ways. If a child has only a mucous membrane of the pharynx, the expert makes a diagnosis - catarrhal pharyngitis. Symptoms of a granular species in this case will be as follows: a change in the size of the lymphadenoid elements and the spread of the inflammatory process in most of the pharynx.
Only after the child has taken all the necessary tests, the specialist will be able to prescribe the treatment. At the same time, one should not limit oneself to external examination of the pharynx and oral cavity. It is necessary to know exactly the cause of pharyngitis, more precisely, what viruses or bacteria it caused.
If the child has restless behavior, poor appetite or even completely lack of it, there are complaints of sore throat, pershenia, you can confidently say that it is pharyngitis. But remember that the exact diagnosis can be made only by a specialist after the examination and the delivery of tests. These symptoms - this is a serious reason for compulsory treatment to the pediatrician.
Parents can also look at the child's throat at home - whether there are adverse changes there or not. In most cases, children's pharyngitis is accompanied by swelling( swelling) of the mucous membrane, as well as reddening of the pharynx. Sometimes the throat can become covered with purulent discharge and red points - hemorrhages. If the child has these symptoms, this is an occasion for immediate contact with a doctor to agree on the course of treatment.
Symptoms like laryngitis and pharyngitis have similar symptoms. Often patients confuse these terms or even consider that they are one and the same. However, pharyngitis means inflammation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx, but laryngitis is an inflammatory process on all mucous and underlying larynx tissues.
The common symptom of laryngitis and pharyngitis is aphonia( loss of voice).Other features of the disease: persistent perspiration and burning in the throat, pain when swallowing, first a dry barking cough, and later with sputum discharge. Because of the presence of inflammation, the temperature rises to 37-38 degrees( no more).