Treatment of laryngitis in adults and children
May 16, 2018
Laryngitis - inflammation of the larynx caused by a cold or infectious diseases. The development of this disease contributes to hypothermia, dusty air, smoking, drinking alcohol.
Depending on the time of the course of the disease and symptoms, there are usually two main types of laryngitis - short-term and chronic. Short-term laryngitis is characterized by rapid development of the disease for two weeks.
The development of chronic laryngitis occurs over a long period of time, and, moreover, it can be caused by the presence of the patient much more serious diseases.
General information on the treatment of
The treatment process has its own characteristics, depending on some factors. These can include age, sex, and, of course, the general state of the body.
So, for example, treatment in adults differs in its methodology from the process of curing this disease in children. In addition, the treatment of laryngitis in pregnant women also has its own characteristics.
All about the chronic form
As a rule, chronic laryngitis develops due to the constant recurrence of acute laryngitis, and also due to inflammation in the nose, or pharynx. Often, this disease leads to a complete loss of voice. In addition, quite often this disease contributes to the appearance of such a terrible disease as cancer of the larynx.
The main causes of chronic laryngitis are persistent repeated inflammations of the larynx, infections, occupational characteristics, temperature changes, the negative effects of alcohol and cigarettes.
Also, contributes to the development of chronic laryngitis, a metabolic disorder in the body and allergies.
Forms of chronic disease
Depending on the degree of development of chronic laryngitis, three of its forms are distinguished: atrophic, hypertrophic, and catarrhal.
The most simple and, so to speak, easy is catarrhal laryngitis. This form arises, as a rule, due to a violation of the circulatory process in the larynx, as well as due to changes in the epithelium.
A characteristic feature of this form is the thickening of the vocal cords, and, as a consequence, the deterioration of voice functions. The neuromuscular apparatus of the larynx is deficient.
Chronic hypertrophic laryngitis can sometimes be a consequence of an untreated catarrhal, or its next stage, and sometimes self-developed disease. For this form, the appearance of various kinds of formations on the mucous membrane of the larynx is characteristic. Just like with catarrhal, the vocal cords are thickened and enlarged in volume, which leads to difficulty in performing voice functions.
As for the atrophic form, it is most often caused by improper diet, for example, overly spicy food. Simply put, the appearance of atrophic factors contributing outside the body.
Symptoms and Possible Treatment of
Symptoms inherent in all three forms of chronic laryngitis are rapid fatigue of the voice, hoarseness, pershenia, cough with sputum, burning sensation.
Treatment of chronic laryngitis, first of all, begins with the elimination of factors that contribute to the development of the disease.
Excellent medicine for laryngitis oil-alkaline inhalation. Also, speaking about inhalations, it is worth noting that aerosols of antibiotics are widely used. In addition, if the patient really wants to heal, he must give up alcohol and smoking, and also observe the correct diet. Among other things, the important thing is to keep quiet voice mode.
Quite often doctors prescribe a patient taking antibiotics. As a rule, it helps in treatment, but it is worth remembering that their prescription is prescribed by the doctor, and not by the patient himself.
Description and characteristics of acute laryngitis
The causes of this type of disease are temperature changes, voice overload, infection.
As with chronic, acute laryngitis, an inherent cough with sputum discharge, voice weakness and reddening of the laryngeal mucosa, increased body temperature, a feeling of dryness and sore throat, pain when swallowing and a headache.
Treatment of acute form, as well as chronic, begins with the elimination of causes and factors affecting the development of the disease. In addition, to ensure a positive result, it is desirable to completely stop talking for five to seven days, in order to avoid the strain of the vocal cords. Also, the use of alcohol and tobacco is prohibited. As for medical procedures, it can be noted here that the positive effect of using warm inhalations and mouth rinses. In addition, warming bandages and compresses on the neck will not be superfluous.
Separately it is necessary to allocate such kind of an acute laryngitis as a false groats. This disease, as a rule, occurs in children six to eight years old with diathesis.
Most often, a false cereal occurs very abruptly, for example, during sleep. In this case, the child, waking up in sweat, in the middle of the night begins to cough loudly, his lips turn blue. After a while, the child falls asleep, but the next night everything can happen again. At the first occurrence of symptoms of a false groin at children it is recommended to call immediately first aid.