Black dots on the face. Why do they appear and how to get rid of them?
Mar 04, 2018
Why black dots appear on the face of
Many people call these points blackheads or rashes, but this is not right. The medical name for black dots is open comedones. They are formed due to clogging of sebaceous glands on the skin of the face, can appear on the back and shoulders.
Skin pores are gradually filled with surplus sebum, keratinized skin cells, small particles of dust, contaminated and look like black specks.
If bacteria enter into the comedones, then an inflammatory process takes place in them, and the black points turn into purulent pimples.
Basically, such problems affect people with fatty skin type, both women and men, but also those who have a mixed or normal skin type occasionally face this scourge, called comedones.
There are several reasons for the appearance of black dots:
- insufficient facial skin care,
- hormonal disorders in the body.
Wrong skin care
The main reason for the appearance of black points on the face is improper care and the selection of cosmetics that are not suitable for your skin type, as well as insufficient skin cleansing.
Excessive use of cosmetics disrupts the work of the sebaceous glands, improperly selected, substandard, with expired makeup, cosmetics adversely affects the skin of the face, can cause allergic reactions and promotes the formation of black dots. Refuse the foundation, especially in hot weather, as the foundation blocks the pores of the facial skin.
In order for comedones to disappear and no longer appear on the face, it is very important to thoroughly cleanse the face with special cosmetic products every morning and evening before going to bed.
Unbalanced power supply
Another reason for the appearance of ugly black bumps is the wrong food. The use of a large number of fatty and spicy dishes, excessive consumption of coffee, alcoholic beverages, sweets adversely affects the condition of the skin.
The simplest method of eliminating comedones( black points) is to adjust the diet. Eat foods rich in vitamins, macro and micronutrients, which have a beneficial effect on the skin condition.
Hormonal failures of
The causes of the appearance of black dots may be hormonal disruptions. The increase in the level of male hormones( testosterone) in women after the age of 30 promotes the intensification of the work of sweat and sebaceous glands, accelerates the process of keratinization of skin cells and affects the composition of sebum, as a result, pores are clogged and comedones are formed.
If you can not get rid of increased greasiness of the skin and from black spots with the help of cosmetic procedures and nutrition correction, then you need to undergo a medical examination with an endocrinologist and gynecologist. Based on the tests, the doctor will determine the level of hormones in the body and prescribe the right treatment.
Other causes of the appearance of black dots
Other factors, such as wet climate and polluted air, intake of certain drugs, genetic predisposition, frequent stresses, also affect the formation of black points on the face.
How to get rid of black spots on the face of
If black dots on the skin of the face are numerous and periodically they become inflamed, then in these cases complex treatment will be required.
Before proceeding with the removal of comedones, it is necessary to consult not only the dermatologist, but also the gastroenterologist and endocrinologist. If the appearance of black spots is caused by hormonal disorders, the doctor will prescribe the correct treatment, will give the necessary recommendations for the elimination of this problem.
In cosmetology salons or cosmetology offices in clinics remove comedones by mechanical, atraumatic, ultrasonic face cleansing, as well as vacuum cleaning, peeling, make cleansing masks.
How to get rid of black dots at home
You can get rid of black dots at home. Before starting cleansing, consultation of a cosmetologist, dermatologist is necessary, because it is difficult to determine the cause of the appearance of black dots and to choose the right ones, those that are suitable for cleansing exactly the type of your skin.
For the removal of black dots at home, store or pharmacy products are suitable - sprays, scrubs, plasters, lotions, tonics, gels, facial cleansers, creams, ointments.
Popular and popular methods of removing black dots, such as cleansing masks, infusions of herbs for washing, which are easy to conduct independently at home.
Removal of black points should be done once or twice a week. Before removing black dots, the skin needs to be cleaned with a lotion or tonic and you can steam out your face, you can simply boil it, or you can make a steam bath with the addition of medicinal herbs.
To do this, boil two liters of water and add one tablespoon of chamomile, horsetail, wormwood, yarrow or other herb and slightly bend over the saucepan, covering your head with a towel. The steam bath should be done carefully, so as not to scald the skin of the face, from 5 to 15 minutes. After the steam bath, the pores of the skin open.
Now you can do a mechanical cleaning or make a mask-film of activated charcoal or remove comedones with a scrub or a special plaster that you can buy at a pharmacy.
Wash hands well, wrap with a sterile bandage and gently squeeze out black dots on both sides. Then you need to narrow the pores, wiping the skin with lotion, tonic, hydrogen peroxide or lemon juice, do not wipe the skin.
Scrub for cleaning
You can also remove black dots using scrub. On a cotton swab, squeeze a little soapy shaving cream, pour a pinch of fine salt and cleanse your face in a circular motion, rubbing the areas where the black spots are located. Then wash with warm water, apply a small amount of soda on a cotton swab and lightly rub the problem areas of the skin. Wash your face first with warm water and then with cool water.
Mask-film of activated carbon
Grind one activated carbon tablet, add 1 tbsp.spoon gelatin and 1 tbsp.spoonful of warm milk. Stir the mixture, let it stand for a while, so that the gelatin is swollen, then heat it until the gelatin dissolves, cool slightly. Apply some of the mixture to the areas of the face where there are comedones, when the mask seizes, apply the rest of the mixture. Keep the mask on your face for 20 minutes, then tear off sharply from your face.
Cleansing masks not only help to get rid of black points, but they also nourish and moisturize the skin of the face, since natural products are used in making such masks - honey, milk, curdled milk, juices, vegetables, fruits, rich in vitamins. Therefore, they must be used for face care.
- 2 tablespoons of honey mixed with two tablespoons of warm milk, stir well. Apply mask to face and do not rinse off for 30 minutes. Then rinse with warm water.
- whip one protein to a foam, add 1 teaspoon of lemon juice, whilst continuing to beat. Apply to the skin of the face of a part of this mixture, when slightly dry, apply the rest of the mixture. After 15-20 minutes wash first with warm, then with cold water.
Mask from yogurt
- in three tablespoons of yogurt add 10 drops of lemon juice, stir, apply mixture on face, keep mask for 20 minutes. Wash yourself with cool water.
- crush 1 cup of oatmeal with a meat grinder, add 1 teaspoon of soda, stir and store the mixture in a jar with a lid. One tablespoon of oat mixture to add to warm milk, stir, pour the paste on the face, hold for 10-15 minutes. Wash off the mask with warm water.
- cucumber or tomato grate and apply on face for 20 minutes. Wash off with warm water.
- cook boiled potatoes, stir with warm milk and apply on face for 20 minutes, rinse with warm water and then with cold water.
Ice cubes for face cleansing
- 1 tablespoon of any medicinal herbs - calendula, chamomile, sage, you can take rose petals, pour 1 cup of boiling water. Insist 30 minutes. Strain and pour into ice mold. To freeze. In the morning and in the evening, wipe the face with ice cube. Infusion of herbs can be used to wash your face.
What you need to do to prevent black spots from appearing
1. Eat healthy foods
To get rid of black spots, you need to eat right - eat healthy foods with high fiber content - fresh vegetables, fruits, nuts, flax seeds andsunflower, cereal, in addition to the fiber they contain vitamins, which are necessary for the beauty and health of the skin - it is vitamin A, B, C, E, D, F. Also meat, fish, milk and dairy products should be present in food. Especially useful yogurt, it must be drunk daily, in the evening. Kefir helps to establish the work of the gastrointestinal tract, normalizes internal processes, has a beneficial effect on the microflora and improves the skin condition.
2.Maintain the water regime of
For the proper functioning of the whole organism and for the improvement of the skin condition, it is necessary to drink about two liters of pure filtered drinking water daily throughout the day. Water cleanses the body, removing from it harmful substances, toxins, eliminates skin contamination. Without sufficient water, the facial skin becomes dry, saggy, loses its tone and wrinkles appear on it more quickly.
3. Systematically care for the skin.
. Daily care for the face skin - thoroughly cleanse the skin in the morning and in the evening. In the evening, rinse off make-up, wipe with lotions, and in the morning, also cleanse, because during the night the skin sweats, the dying particles are exfoliated and the pores become contaminated. Do not wash with hot water, as it stimulates the work of the sebaceous glands.
4. Lead a healthy lifestyle
To permanently get rid of black spots, you need to lead a healthy lifestyle, exercise or exercise, adjust the sleep regime, move more and stay out in the fresh air.
Abandon such bad habits as smoking, tobacco smoke settles on the skin, clogs pores and promotes the formation of comedones. Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages also adversely affects the condition of the skin.
Look after yourself, let your skin always be clean and beautiful!