Treatment of blepharitis medicamentally and folk methods
Blepharitis is a complex of ophthalmic diseases associated with inflammation of the eyelids.
There are several varieties of blepharitis, which differ from each other in the causes, manifestations and methods of treatment, but the course of the disease is similar in all cases.
If a person falls ill with blepharitis, then one must pay attention to the general state of his health: this disease indicates a decrease in the body's immune forces, so the patient often needs a full examination, and not just treatment with an ophthalmologist. Blepharitis is always an alarming symptom of a general decrease in resistance.
How to cure blepharitis?
Physicians are appointed as a symptomatic treatment designed to eliminate painful syndrome, and general restorative therapy.
Types of blepharitis
In medicine, there are four types of disease. Scaly blepharitis is the most common variety, characterized by thickening of the upper eyelid edge, itching and unpleasant sensations, reddening of the eyelid, and clumping of eyelashes. At the border of the upper eyelid, white scales appear due to increased activity of the sebaceous glands and exfoliation of the epithelium.
Treatment of scaly blepharitis
For local treatment of scaly blepharitis, local therapy is used. Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory ointments are used, compresses are made from infusions of medicinal herbs. Eyelid massage with blepharitis is allowed, but conservative treatment gives a more lasting effect.
Demodectic blepharitis is less common. It is caused by the ciliated tick Demodex, which affects the bulb of the eyelashes.
Rosacea blepharitis manifests itself differently than the scaly form. In this case, a fine purulent rash appears on the eyelids, causing painful sensations.
There is also ulcerative blepharitis, which differs from rosacea blepharitis in that the abscesses are not in the rash, but directly in the bulb of the eyelashes.
Allergic blepharitis often results from individual intolerance to perfumes, pollen, dust, drugs, cosmetics, animal wool, down, and other allergens. To recognize allergic blepharitis is simple: it always arises abruptly, and the symptoms from the very beginning are very bright.
Eyelids swell and begin to itch, the eyes begin to water and hurt, hardly able to tolerate a bright light. If a person is prone to allergic blepharitis, seasonal exacerbations are likely that coincide with a seasonal exacerbation of allergies.
Methods of treatment of allergic blepharitis
Treatment of a similar variety of blepharitis must always be accompanied by the intake of antihistamines, as well as allergy medications prescribed by the doctor. Removal of the main allergic symptoms will help get rid of blepharitis. In combination with anti-allergic drugs you need to use ointments and soothing drops for the eyes.
The course of the disease
Sometimes blepharitis can flow quite easily, without causing the patient almost no inconvenience, and sometimes the flow is so severe that the eyelids swell and disturb the visual ability.
The mild course is characterized by a slight reddening of the conjunctiva and the edge of the upper eyelid. Eyelids slightly swell, appear small scales, similar to dandruff. Possible loss of eyelashes, pain in the eyes. Itching in the eyelids may not be too strong, but even with a mild illness, the eyes quickly get tired and hurt from bright light.
Regardless of how bad the disease is, you need to make sure that the scales do not come off the eyelids and leave bleeding wounds. These wounds subsequently cicatrize and spoil the shape of the upper eyelid, and also change the line of eyelash growth.
Drug treatment and treatment with folk remedies
An ophthalmologist prescribes medications for the treatment of the disease, depending on the cause of blepharitis. If the disease is caused by the Demodex mite, Blepharogel is appointed. If the source is a pathogenic bacteria, which happens most often, a tetracycline ointment is prescribed.
Hydrocortisone ointment facilitates the patient's condition with allergic blepharitis. Miramistin is also used, which is a local antiseptic.
During blepharitis as an adjunct to the main therapy it is useful to make compresses from infusions of herbs that have antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effects. In particular, the infusion of calendula is very useful, which not only facilitates the condition, but also heals the wounds on the eyelids.
Immunostimulating therapy should also be performed. The patient should take vitamins as prescribed by the doctor to strengthen the defenses of the body. Vitamins A and E are also useful, which improve hair growth and epithelial regeneration.
After blepharitis, eyelashes grow slowly, so this process can be stimulated. The complex approach in the treatment of blepharitis is very important: only in this case it is possible to get rid of the disease completely, avoiding its further appearance.
It is important during the treatment to monitor the hygiene of the eyelids. To remove fallen off crusts, you need to use a cotton swab dipped in antiseptics. The edges of the eyelids are lubricated with medicinal ointment. Every day, the foot should be washed with medicinal infusions, but they should not be too concentrated. Compresses from decoctions of medicinal herbs should be changed every fifteen minutes.