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The main methods of hardware and computer treatment of amblyopia in adult patients

  • The main methods of hardware and computer treatment of amblyopia in adult patients

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    Amblyopia in adults, also called the "lazy eye" in common people, is more common today than a few years ago. The main sign of this unpleasant pathology is a sharp decline in vision.

    Why does the disease develop?

    Modern ophthalmologists are confident that the main driving factor that provokes the development of amblyopia in adults is myopia and different visual acuity.

    The clinical picture is as follows:

    1. Each of the eyes is able to distinguish only the "own" image.
    2. The human brain refuses to "fold the puzzle"( this is explained by the fact that the brain "turns off" the image that seems to him incorrect).

    Doctors say that the overwhelming majority of patients develop the disease as early as childhood.

    Often, pathology accompanies strabismus, which is not only its cause, but also a consequence.

    Symptoms of

    Amblyopia in adults is easy to diagnose. For this pathology is characterized by the presence of quite specific signs. So, doctors note:

    1. Weak vision of one or both eyes.
    2. instagram viewer
    3. An involuntary deviation towards the healthy eye while reading or watching TV.
    4. Strabismus.

    Do not hesitate with the diagnosis!

    Amblyopia in adults is cured quickly and successfully. The main goal of treating amblyopia in adults is to eliminate the causes of pathology. In some cases, the treatment of amblyopia in adults involves surgical intervention. This is due to the need to eliminate ptosis of the upper eyelid or turbidity, formed on optical media. If the pathology develops against the background of strabismus, then an operative correction of the eyeball is assumed.

    Modern and most effective diagnostic method is "neuroimaging".This method is based on activation and visual stimulation of cells, which are responsible for image processing.

    As a result, the person perceives the image better and the visual acuity comes back to normal.

    Action strategy of ophthalmologist

    Treatment of amblyopia in adults begins after the establishment of an accurate diagnosis. Today, both traditional and ultramodern methods of correcting amblyopia are widely used. The following methods are very popular:

    • hardware amblyopia treatment;
    • exercises with amblyopia;
    • computer treatment.

    It should be noted that correction of amblyopia can not be performed using glasses or lenses. To facilitate the course of the disease will help hardware methods of treatment.

    Reliable way of

    Hardware treatment for amblyopia began to be used for the first time in the fifties of the twentieth century. Most of the methods of this approach are based on the exploitation of both structured and light stimuli necessary for the activity of the foveal cortical path to be activated.

    The main methods of hardware treatment for amblyopia include:

    1. Use of pulse lamps.
    2. Electrostimulation of visual pathways.
    3. Operation of granular fields.

    According to leading ophthalmologists, the treatment of amblyopia in adults will be successful if you combine the hardware methods with the intake of prescription drugs prescribed by the doctor.

    Home care

    There are many exercises for amblyopia, which you can do at home. Among the ultramodern, it should be noted "Sidorenko Points", perfectly suitable for adults and children, as well as "Amblyocor".At the heart of this device is a method of significantly improving the visual acuity of computer-based auto-training.

    Method of Goncharova-Kuppers

    Exercises for amblyopia involve the use of an electric lamp, the power of which varies from 60 to 75 watts. The procedure is as follows:

    1. A small circle( its diameter should not be less than seven and more than ten millimeters), made of light-proof black paper, is glued to the equipment.
    2. Not a sick eye covered with a hand or a tight bandage.
    3. If the control is carried out in the daytime, then the windows should be darkened.
    4. A person sits about 50-70 cm from a lamp with a circle.
    5. For 20-30 seconds a person looks at the circle, then looks at something bright and detains attention.
    6. After this, the person's eyes again must return to the black circle on the lamp.

    Exercises for amblyopia by this method are performed at least 3 times during one session. Treatment should be carried out every day, the course of the corrective measure lasts from thirty to ninety days.

    Other ways to

    To help a patient suffering from a "lazy eye" can be using other exercises. For this you need:

    • Install a lamp on the table( power - 100 W).
    • Put on it a cap made of a dense black paper, in the center of which it is necessary to make a hole( diameter - from 3 to 5 cm).
    • Close this hole with a red film.
    • To sit in front of the equipment at a distance of 40 cm.
    • Within 3 minutes, gaze at the red dot( it is important that the present "assistant" disengages the lamp for 2-3 seconds during this time).

    This exercise should be performed in a room with darkened windows every day.

    The course of the corrective measure is ninety days. If there is an urgent need, you can make a two-week break, then continue to perform the exercises with amblyopia.

    In order to improve visual acuity, other exercises are recommended that do not involve the use of a lamp. Ophthalmologists advise:

    1. From time to time, look at both the visual organs at the tip of the nose or the bridge of the nose.
    2. To perform the organs of vision of rotation( first recommended to rotate the eyes to the right side, and then to the left).
    3. Sit up straight, place the palms on your lap, look straight.
    4. Direct the view to the left side, then down( do not blink).

    Computer

    comes to the rescue. In today's conditions, computer treatment involves the use of a variety of programs. Very popular are programs such as:

    1. "Ai", intended for the treatment of both ambilopia and strabismus( also supposed to restore binocular vision).
    2. "Pursuit" and "Tire", contributing to the rapid restoration of visual acuity( it is actual when the use of independent methods seems to be impossible).
    3. "Crosses"( used to activate neurons).
    4. "Spider".
    5. "Contour"( used to restore binocular vision).

    It is important to remember that the diagnosis and treatment of this pathology should be timely.

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