Hyperopia, and what kinds of vitamins are needed for the eyes with farsightedness

  • Hyperopia, and what kinds of vitamins are needed for the eyes with farsightedness

    Hyperopia is a feature of the eye, when objects located at a distance are projected not behind the retina, but behind the retina. In the early stages of development, hyperopia is successfully amenable to correction, and in the absence of necessary therapy, there is a high risk of developing serious abnormalities.

    Progressive disease leads to inflammation of the eyes, the formation of symptoms of a "lazy eye" and even the development of glaucoma, so to prevent the exacerbation of the disease should periodically take vitamins for the eyes with farsightedness.

    The reasons for the development of hyperopia

    There are several main reasons that the rays of light when the eye is far-sighted are projected onto the area behind the retina - this is a short eyeball or a weak refractive power of the optical system in the eye. Also, both reasons can be formed simultaneously.

    Farsightedness, provoked by insufficient length of the longitudinal axis of the eye, is usually a hereditary pathology transmitted from parents to children.

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    After forty years in the eyes of a person, due to age-related changes, a deterioration in the ability of refraction of light by the lens is formed, which is why age-long farsightedness develops.

    Hyperopia is considered an insidious disease. The first signs of it can manifest themselves in childhood and at first glance do not correlate with eye diseases. Usually, children quickly get tired, learn poorly, often can not concentrate on a particular job, sleep badly and are capricious. Timely diagnosis and optical correction makes it possible to correct the development of complications in the future.

    Methods of vision correction

    Restoration of vision in the farsightedness is carried out using three main methods:

    • Points are the most popular method of correction of deviations, in addition, this is the main way to correct farsightedness in children. But with all the advantages, glasses bring a lot of inconvenience to a person - they often get dirty, sweat, slip, interfere with sports and other active activities. Also glasses can not provide a complete correction of vision, they limit the side vision and perception of space. Incorrect choice of glasses causes the rapid fatigue of the eyes and the progression of the disease.
    • Contact lenses are usually used to correct farsightedness, which is supplemented by a vision. In this contact lenses produce a curative effect, since the creation of a clear picture on the fundus is the main stimulus for the development of vision. According to the doctor, contact lenses are allowed for adults and children, but many can not quickly get used to the foreign object in the eyes, so the most frequent negative effect is allergic reactions and redness of the eyes.
    • The laser treatment for vision correction with farsightedness is applied only for adults and persons who have reached the age of 18 years.

    Prevention of the development of hyperopia and its complications

    To answer the question how to improve vision with hyperopia. Doctors recommend adhering to some basic rules:

    1. Suitable lighting - visual loads should only occur if there is sufficient lighting with the use of a ceiling light, a table lamp.
    2. The correct mode of physical and visual loads - it is important to alternate the strain of vision with active rest.
    3. Carrying out gymnastics for the eyes - after twenty to thirty minutes of visual loads you should organize gymnastics for the eyes.
    4. Early diagnosis of the development of pathology - a complete examination of the eye by an ophthalmologist, accompanied by instillation in the eye atropine, a test is also conducted to establish visual acuity far and near.
    5. Correct correction of farsightedness with contact lenses or glasses selected by the attending physician.
    6. Training of eye muscles that are responsible for the process of accommodation of the eye - laser stimulation, instillation of medicines, special exercises for the eyes.
    7. Conducting general strengthening procedures - massage of the collar zone, swimming, contrast shower depending on the recommendations of the specialist.
    8. Organization of proper nutrition, enriched with proteins, vitamins and the necessary human body microelements.

    Farsightedness correction is performed using various methods, but vitamins for farsightedness should be taken regardless of the treatment prescribed by the doctor. They enable the patient to overcome the ailment. It is important to monitor the diet, as the vitamins contained in the products, bring the greatest benefit to the body.

    It is necessary to increase the consumption of foods with a high content of potassium in them - these are legumes, bananas, potatoes, raisins, etc. Cigarettes, alcoholic beverages and coffee should be excluded from the diet. The menu should be dominated by fruits and vegetables, enriched with vitamins A and C. beta-carotene, vitamin B12, selenium, zinc. In the bilberry contains a large number of biologically active elements that contribute to improving visual acuity, prevent eye fatigue and normalize blood flow.

    It is difficult to receive all the necessary trace elements from food only, and therefore, it is required to organize the administration of special vitamin complexes for the eyes. Such drugs are usually developed by leading ophthalmologists in the world and they contain the most important elements for maintaining eye health. Vitamins should be applied by courses, and the choice of this or that drug should be discussed with the attending physician.

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