How to avoid miscarriage - how to prevent a miscarriage
Mar 05, 2018
You can still easily get into the skinny jeans, do not suffer from nausea in the morning, do not find pigment spots on the cheekbones and stretch marks on the abdomen. But at the same time to know the most important female secret: two test red strips, proving that you have born a tiny, but a real new life! No ultrasensitive device is yet able to see or hear its presence. However, the maternal instinct is already pushing to invent a name for the fetus, to talk with him, to look closely at the sweet things in children's shops.
Thundering in the middle of the clear sky breaks this rainbow of illusions with an unexpected interruption or, as gynecologists say, miscarriages. According to stubborn statistics, in one case out of five, pregnancy ends in a treacherous miscarriage at an early stage, when a woman may not even know about her "interesting" situation. But do not despair! Do not complain about over-employment, but lie down for preservation! Find out the causes of the incident and eliminate the problems on the way to a successful attempt to tolerate a healthy and strong baby will help visit a doctor.
What should I do?
In this case, against the background of emotional experiences, girls can take not quite adequate solutions. Some, frightened, for several years are afraid of pregnancy as a fire, and others - immediately make attempts to become pregnant again, and do it as soon as possible. Experts argue that neither are right. The most sensible solution is to identify and eliminate, together with a professional doctor, the causes of spontaneous abortion. Only then is it worth trying to conceive a new life and endure a healthy child. Acceleration of the process for unexplained causes leads to a second miscarriage. Doctors called such cases "habitual miscarriage".At least three months are required for the female body to recover, then it is necessary to undergo a checkup and full treatment. Haste in this case is fatal!
According to doctors, pregnancy can be saved if the expectant mother urgently needs to go to a medical institution about:
- Bloody discharge;
- Drawing or cramping pain in the lower abdomen or in the lumbar region;
- In a later period of pregnancy - when leakage or complete outflow of amniotic fluid.
Causes of miscarriage
Miscarriage statistics take into account the condition of women, called frozen pregnancy. The embryo that died in the womb due to the negative effects of a number of factors remains in the uterine cavity and begins to decay. This leads to a powerful intoxication of the female body leading to a serious condition, up to a lethal outcome. Timely medical care saves a woman's life, and the next conception can be planned only after treatment with full recovery in 12 months.
Different periods of pregnancy cause different causes of miscarriages.
At the term of up to 6 weeks of pregnancy, miscarriage usually occurs because of the genetic malformations of the embryo itself. Scientific research has shown that most( 70 to 90 percent) of the extracted embryos have chromosomal abnormalities. This can happen if the future mother has transferred infectious diseases( in particular, the flu) on her legs, taken self-medications that are not prescribed by the doctor, has bad habits( alcohol and smoking), or conceived occurred with a partner having an inappropriate set of chromosomes. Therefore, the tragedy of a child's loss should be replaced by the understanding that fate has saved you in this case from the birth of an unviable or very sick baby. The next pregnancy should be planned after complete examination and treatment of both partners.
At the 6-12 weeks gestation period, miscarriage is also considered to be early. At a period of 7-8 weeks, a miscarriage of the fetal egg occurs, in which the embryo itself is absent. Physicians call this fact "anembryony."A woman should take into account that in this case she did not lose anything, as the fetus was not really inside.
Endocrine system disorders
Disorders of the endocrine system These disorders occur when the ovaries produce insufficient number of female hormones that hold the fetus inside the uterus. Male sex hormones in more than necessary, in the female body are also the cause of miscarriage.
If a woman's hormonal balance is broken, there is a lack of progesterone or increased tone of the uterine musculature, then it is possible to provoke the fetal expulsion.
Progesterone is a hormone that provides the main function of preparing the uterine mucosa before implantation and maintaining pregnancy, especially in the first trimester. His lack of time corrected by doctors, and pregnancy can be safely saved.
Male sex hormones - androgens, which are in excess of a woman, suppress the production of progesterone and estrogens. Hormones of the thyroid gland and adrenal glands also play an important role in the preservation of the fetus. Medical care, regulating the level of the hormonal background, is able to solve the problem and prevent a spontaneous abortion.
Sexual infections Diseases that are transmitted sexually: trichomoniasis, syphilis, chlamydia, toxoplasmosis, herpetic and cytomegalovirus infections are subject to early treatment before conception. Depending on the conditions of the disease, they either lead to the formation of defects in the development of the fetus, to infection in the womb of the mother or miscarriage.
Inflammatory process in the uterus
Consequences of gynecological diseases, previous abortions can cause a miscarriage.
Viral infections in pregnancy Any illness that causes intoxication and an increase in temperature from 38 degrees Celsius can lead to a miscarriage. Viral hepatitis, influenza and rubella are the leaders of this "black" list. At a dangerous time of 4-10 weeks, ordinary angina can cause tragedy, and pneumonia may be fatal to the fetus. Appendicitis and pyelonephritis cause early childbirth. In order to avoid such consequences, it is necessary to undergo a survey before the conception and to cure all infectious foci. And during pregnancy avoid hypothermia, communicate with sick people.
Infection with rubella during pregnancy is an indication for medical interruption of gestation, since this disease causes severe malformations of the fetus.
Any disease is extremely dangerous for an embryo, because if a woman has immunity and she can resist illnesses, then the fetus does not have such strong protection and can become unviable. Therefore, nature by miscarriage insures a woman from an unhealthy child. And the next pregnancy in most future mothers is proceeding safely.
Immune causes of
Different Rh factors of The conflict between a positive Rh factor of the father and a negative Rh factor of the mother can lead to the production of antibodies hostile to the embryo. If the pregnant woman is constantly observed at the doctor, then control of the antibody titer and the introduction of immunoglobulin will allow the child to be born.
The body of a woman with low immunity can not grow a baby. First you need to take care of your own health, and then with strong forces to try to conceive and endure a new life.
Incorrect structure of the uterus If a woman suffers from malformations of the uterus, the doctors consider it a hopeless case. After miscarriage, gynecologists are advised to just resign themselves.
At the end of 12-22 weeks, a late miscarriage occurs. In addition to the above reasons( anatomical, immune, endocrine and infectious), there are also specific ones.
Isthmiko-cervical insufficiency Weakness of the cervix( in 15-43% of women) does not retain the fetus and can open. How to avoid miscarriage in the second or even third trimester? Delicate surgical correction( a seam or ring is applied) and constant observation will help to bear a healthy baby. However, the ring is considered not entirely reliable method, as it can slip off the cervix ahead of time and the uterus will open itself.
In addition, the operation will require the use of antibiotics and other drugs that normalize the microflora of the vagina. On 37 or 38 week seams are removed. If the labor activity begins earlier, then they are removed before it. Therefore, careful monitoring is important.
At the end of the 22nd week, miscarriage is psychologically especially difficult, since after the 28th week midwives consider the baby to be born viable. Modern medicine sometimes keeps children even at an earlier age, but the risk is still great.
A thorough preliminary examination will reveal other diseases that can cause a miscarriage.
Antiphospholipid syndrome - a female organism with this disease "does not recognize" the child and rejects it as an alien body. Correction with medical products gives a chance of bearing a child.
Hemostasis disorders - distinguish between two types: thrombophilic( with increased blood coagulability) and hemorrhagic( with a tendency to bleeding).The danger to the fetus represents both types of disorders.
Headaches for an incomprehensible reason, lethargy, fatigue, temporary loss of hearing or smell can indicate a violation in blood coagulability. When planning a pregnancy, we must go through a genetic examination in this case and conduct a full treatment. This prevents miscarriage almost completely( in 98% of cases).If the pathology of hemostasis is detected already during pregnancy, then its preservation can be very difficult.
How to avoid repeated miscarriage?
Look for the cause, look into both future parents! Better a couple of months to spend on visits to medical facilities and tests than to conceive, hope, and then survive the tragedy and again return to the professionals. Prepare for conception, and then Mother Nature will give you a wonderful healthy child!
Figures confirming the seriousness of the survey:
- In 4/5 or 80% of cases of miscarriages could not be, if future mothers followed the recommendations of doctors;
- 3/5, or 60% of miscarriages that occurred for the first time, are associated with hormonal failures in the female body;
- 283 grams weighed the smallest baby that doctors saved life;
- 3/4 miscarriage occurs due to the pathology of the blood coagulation system;
- Three cycles with menstruation - this is the minimum period for which a woman can recover to prepare for conception. Experienced gynecologists say that this problem can be adjusted as much as possible in 12 months.