On the psychology of a patient with diabetes mellitus
Jul 06, 2018
Diabetes mellitus is considered to be one of the most serious human diseases for many centuries, not only because it causes irreversible changes in the body, but also psychologically. Learning to live with diabetes is necessary.
The main goal of the doctor in the treatment of diabetes is the longest possible compensation of the disease, and the main indicator of compensation is the normal level of glucose in the blood. But this is affected not only by the regime and nature of nutrition, but also by factors such as physical stress, stress, infectious diseases, smoking, alcohol and many other factors, and from them no doctor can protect the patient if he does not want it. The burden in controlling diabetes rests on the shoulders of the patient. To do this, he needs to have an idea of his disease, be able to properly organize nutrition, "adjust" the physical load and the dose of medications taken, to know how to prevent hypoglycemia. To do this, each patient must have a glucometer( apparatus for testing blood sugar) and take all measures to ensure that diabetes is not a disease, but a way of life.
Patients with diabetes should be attentive to themselves and regularly visit a doctor. Do timely follow-up examinations, strictly follow the diet, do not change the dose of medication without consulting with the doctor( this does not apply to insulin doses in well-trained and controlled glycemic patients).If there is a need to take medications for other diseases, it is necessary to agree with the endocrinologist. Those suffering from diabetes should take their illness seriously, given that the implementation of all medical recommendations requires some effort and attention on their part.
The person needs to decide what goals he wants to achieve, and then associates, relatives, friends, the attending physician will be able to support him in achieving his goal. At the modern level of diabetes treatment, each patient, while maintaining strength and vigor, must be able to independently resolve the problems caused by the disease, and arrange their lives in the light of the disease. And yet the main link - full mutual understanding and interaction in a doctor-patient connection - is a disease.
You can not go on about your illness, you must try to keep it in check. And this will help to know all the nuances and characteristics of your disease. The more information about yourself a patient has, the more likely that he will be able to maintain his health in equilibrium for many years. Hence the importance of learning in the school of diabetes.
When a person first learns about the presence of diabetes, he undergoes several phases in his psychological state: the first is indignation: why am I?Then depression, denial of the fact of the disease or the need to treat it, changing the whole way of life. And only then he realizes that you can live with this. Do not drag a miserable existence in anticipation of complications, namely, to live with dignity, qualitatively and exactly as much as it is allotted to him by the Almighty.
Life does not stand still, it goes forward, but to.survive, you need to move forward. When the son of Sophie Jlo-ren was asked: "What is the secret of the incredible beauty of your 64-year-old mother?", He replied: "In an incredible discipline. She does not drink, does not smoke, gets up at 6 am, does gymnastics, then follows a long walk, an ice shower, and by 9 o'clock in the morning she is ready for life further. She likes to take care of herself. "The main thing in these words is an incredible discipline and a desire to take care of themselves. But this is a very pleasant, useful and healthy science, which must be comprehended as early as possible. Often we create our own limitations, voluntarily tying ourselves in their chains. If a person really wants something to achieve, no one and nothing can stop him. Of course, you need to limit yourself in some way with diabetes, you can not eat what you want, you can not live according to generally accepted norms. But in your power to fight the disease and find satisfaction in this fight.
It is important for every patient to understand that without active participation the disease can not be won. Life with the advent of diabetes does not end, and you need to live on. Therefore, you should learn to enjoy all of its manifestations, to fulfill certain rules of life with
diabetes. It is necessary to ensure that diabetes does not destroy health. It is necessary to feel responsibility for your future life, because the road chosen by the patient is his real life.
The first and main factor in the success of diabetes treatment is the patient himself, the second factor is the doctor giving direction to the patient's actions, and the third factor is relatives, relatives are the surrounding society. It can not be a misunderstanding, isolation of people with diabetes. A well-known situation: a person takes out a syringe and makes an injection in a public place. What is the first opinion of others? Is a drug addict. And very few people will think that it is suffering from diabetes. Or someone behaves inadequately, or loses consciousness on the street because of hypoglycemia - an alcoholic. And when all three factors combine - highly qualified doctors will have all the necessary tools and properly treat, relatives and others will correctly understand the problems of the diabetic, and the patients will be responsible for themselves, not shifting the responsibility to the first two factors - then the level will be reached: diabetes -a way of life, not a disease.
Thus, the main thing that every patient must learn is the ability to cooperate with his illness.