Useful and medicinal properties of bearberry ordinary
Jun 12, 2018
( bear's eye)
Perennial evergreen plant - shrub Stems strongly branched, creeping, rooting. Bad branches - recumbent, with brown, bare bark, parts dumped;flowering shoots - raised, leaves alternate, obovate, narrowed in petiole, on the top - twisted, leathery, with the edges lowered on
, on top - dark green, shining, from below - light, young, ciliated. The flowers are small, regular, drooping, on short pedicels, 4-6 branches in apical brushes, with a whitish-pink ciliate hairy aureole. Fruit - spherical, bright red drupe with a lagging cup. Blooms in May.
Medicinal raw materials are leaves collected during flowering. The taste of dried leaves is bitterish, strongly astringent, odorless. The leaves of bearberry should be distinguished from the similar leaves of blueberry - soft, membranous, above matte, blue-green;Cowberry leaves, notched at the top;the leaves of boxwood - narrowed from above and on the top, emarginate, with an unpleasant odor.
The main active principle of the bearberry leaves is glycoside arbutin, which in the body breaks down into glucose and hydroquinone. Hydroquinone has an irritating and disinfecting effect;excreted through the kidneys, causes increased diuresis and has a pro-tivo microbial, antiseptic effect.
Leaves also contain tannins( up to 35%), gallic acid, gallotanine, ursolic acid, uviol, hyperoside, quirzetin, myricitrin, quinic, formic acids, essential oils, fat, wax, resin, mineral salts.
In scientific medicine, bearberry preparations are widely used as a decoction, infusion or extract as a disinfectant, a diuretic for cystitis, urethritis and inflammatory processes in the kidneys. It is part of the diuretic tea.
It is also used dry extract from the leaves, released from tannins - neus. It contains 30% arbutin and 12% calcium salts. It is applied in the form of a powder for 0.5 - 3 times a day for cystitis and pilocystitis.
In folk medicine, decoction of leaves is used not only for inflammation of the kidneys, bladder and stones in them, but also with edema, nervous disorders, nervous diseases, venereal diseases,
liver diseases, stomach diseases;with catarrhal diseases, asthma, uterine bleeding caused by hard work, female diseases;with rheumatism and as a blood cleanser. Apply to bearberry and gout.
Decoction 1: 1 st.a spoonful of finely chopped leaves are sent to enamel or porcelain dishes, pour a glass of boiling water, cover with a lid. Then put in a pan with hot water and boil for 30 minutes. After that, immediately filter through a thin cloth. Take 20 minutes before meals on art.spoon 3-5 times a day. The broth is stored in a cool place, shaken before use.
Decoction 2: 1 tbsp. A spoonful of leaves are boiled in 3 cups of raw water until 1/3 of the liquid evaporates;cool, drink 2 glasses daily with some nervous disorders, venereal diseases - while alcoholic beverages are prohibited.
Decoction 3: from one bearberry or from bearberry in half with motherwort - in 3 cups of boiling water cook until 1/3 of the original volume of liquid evaporates;filter and drink in 3 divided doses per day for nervous diseases.
Infusion: 10 g per 200 ml;half a cup 3 times a day. Children under 5 years: 3 g per 100 ml;2 teaspoons 3 times a day. For lack of leaves( in winter), you can also use branches.
In some cases, when ingested, there is a feeling of nausea, diarrhea and even vomiting.
Decoction of leaves used for diarrhea.
Preparations from leaves of bearberry are recommended to take in the form of infusion, which is much better than decoction.