Healing properties of sage
Jun 11, 2018
For medical purposes, harvest leaves and apical sprouts of medicinal sage, and sometimes fruits. The composition of medicinal raw materials is very rich.
Tannins, various micro and macro elements, phytoncides, resins and bitterness, gum, protein substances, saponins, organic acids( coffee, chlorogenic, rosemary and others), flavonoid compounds, vitamins C, E,P, PP( nicotinic acid).From the seeds, a fatty oil containing a glyceride of linoleic acid is isolated. In the roots are found quinones - swarms.
The most valuable substance in a complex of biologically active substances of a sage is, certainly, its fragrant essential oil. It contains salviol, cineole, borneol, camphor, pinene and other compounds.
Thanks to the unique composition of medicinal raw materials, the list of healing properties of sage is simply limitless. The plant antibiotic salvine, isolated from sage leaves, has an antiseptic effect. Tannins, flavonoids, vitamin P give an anti-inflammatory effect;they compact epithelial tissues, reduce the permeability of cell membranes, the walls of blood and lymph vessels. Essential oil of sage has antimicrobial and antifungal activity, it can suppress even the development of such a resistant microbe as Staphylococcus aureus. Bitterness, contained in leaves, stimulates the secretory activity of the gastrointestinal tract, exerts a certain antispasmodic, astringent and analgesic effect in diseases of the digestive system. With many inflammatory diseases of the internal organs and the skin, assisting is enveloped in
and reparative, healing abilities of the plant. In addition, sage reduces sweating and lactation( separation of milk from lactating women).In folk medicine it is used as an expectorant, hemostatic, cleansing blood, carminative and diuretic. The ability of sage preparations to regulate the activity of the sexual glands( estrogenic action, that is, the ability to increase the formation of female hormones), and its ability to excrete harmful substances and toxins from the body( antitoxic action), strengthen the nervous system, restore strength and vital functions after prolongeddisease( fortifying effect).
Sage treats diseases of almost all organs of our body:
inflammation of the oral mucosa and gums( thrush in children, periodontitis, gingivitis, mucous ulcers, aphthous stomatitis, pulpitis);
diseases of the upper respiratory tract, bronchi, lungs( inflammation of the tonsils, nasopharynx, tonsillitis and chronic tonsillitis, tracheitis, pharyngitis and laryngitis, acute and chronic bronchitis);
diseases of the gastrointestinal tract( gastritis, peptic ulcer of stomach and duodenum, enteritis and enterocolitis, flatulence, diarrhea);
diseases of the excretory system( inflammation of the bladder, urinary incontinence, inflammation of the renal pelvis);
liver disease, spleen( tumor), pancreas, gallbladder( cholecystitis);
diseases of the musculoskeletal system( various inflammatory and metabolic-dystrophic processes in the joints - arthritis, deforming osteoarthritis, joint pain with rheumatism, sciatica, intervertebral osteochondrosis);
gynecological diseases( disorders of the menstrual cycle, painful menstruation, infertility, inflammation of the female genital organs - vulvitis, vaginitis, endocervicitis, beleopathic course of menopause);
male diseases( prostatitis and prostate adenoma);
damage and skin diseases( purulent wounds, burns and frostbite, hard healing ulcers, acne, eczema, psoriasis, neurodermatitis, hair loss).
Sage preparations also help with spasms of various organs, hemorrhoids, hyperhidrosis, edema, atherosclerosis, infectious diseases( smallpox and mumps), they are used even in the treatment of neoplasms, pulmonary tuberculosis and diabetes mellitus.
A special role is given to the healing properties of sage in the treatment of functional disorders of the nervous system, diseases of the spinal cord. For example, Bulgarian traditional medicine recommends the plant for dizziness, nerve attacks, tremors( trembling of limbs).The anti-stress properties of sage have been open for a long time and are still very helpful. It acts on the
the nervous system as a mild but effective stimulant. Increases mental and physical performance, adaptive capabilities of the body, restores energy balance. Those who take infusions of sage do not suffer from nervous overload, chronic fatigue;it helps to cope with the symptoms of depression, obsessive fears. Particularly useful for people with increased anxiety, emotional instability.
Salvia officinalis is a part of many medicinal charges, strengthening the effect of other medicinal plants.
This aromatic plant not only treats, but also prevents many diseases. Its crushed dry leaves are a fine spicy additive to many vegetable dishes, salads, soups, confectionery, beverages. Traditionally, sage is used in fatty dishes of meat and poultry( from pork, duck, goose).This seasoning not only improves the taste of dishes, but also promotes better absorption of fatty foods, thereby preventing digestive diseases.
In total, the genus Salvia has about 700 species, these are semi-shrubby or herbaceous rhizome plants, most of them are perennial, less common one-and two-year-olds. Sage is widespread both in the Southern and Northern hemispheres, mainly in warm regions.
Very similar to sage medicinal sage meadow( Salvia pratensis), it can be recognized by a much larger upper lip in flowers. This plant contains about all the same substances as its medicinal brother, but in completely different concentrations and therefore in medicine and cooking is not used.
But muscatine sage and Ethiopian salvia are not inferior to medicinal sage for their medicinal properties and are widely grown to produce pharmaceuticals. The first of them treat diseases of the musculoskeletal system and peripheral nervous system( for example, sciatica), and Ethiopian salvia is used in the treatment of tuberculosis, hemoptysis and gastric diseases.
Salvia Spanish lavender-like - similar to garden sage, but with narrower leaves and small purple flowers. The whole plant has a strong aroma, similar to the smell of lavender. In Spain, it is considered a universal medicine that can prolong life and protect against any infections. Used to treat rheumatism, digestive disorders, gynecological and nervous diseases. Essential oil of Spanish sage is used for eczema, ulcers, burns, as well as for neuralgia, arthritis, bronchial asthma, this drug also helps in the treatment of hepatitis, dysmenorrhea, menstrual irregularities, infertility.