Lack of oxygen during pregnancy: causes of hypoxia and how to prevent fetal hypoxia

  • Lack of oxygen during pregnancy: causes of hypoxia and how to prevent fetal hypoxia

    Taking care of the health of the expectant mother is directly related to taking care of the health of the unborn child. During this period, the woman shares with her child all the vitamins and nutrients it receives. What can lead to a lack of oxygen during pregnancy?

    Oxygen value during pregnancy

    For normal development, the fetus needs a lot of nutrients. He gets them from the mother's blood. Therefore, the volume of circulating blood in the body increases and more oxygen is needed to saturate it.

    Consequences of lack of oxygen

    The future mother should remember that during pregnancy she and the child are a single organism. Therefore, all the diseases of the mother, the wrong diet, the regime of the day - all this immediately affects the health of the baby.

    The lack of oxygen in a future mother limits the baby to nutrients. The fruit does not receive them in sufficient quantity.

    The mother's body is very stressed during pregnancy, so you need to monitor your health, move more and stay outdoors.

    Insufficient mobility of the mother and lack of oxygen can lead to such a disease as anemia - a lack of iron in the mother's body. Without iron, hemoglobin is not produced, which carries oxygen through the blood, as a result of which your baby also receives little oxygen and fetal hypoxia may develop. You can say that the child suffocates in the womb.

    Hypoxia of the fetus

    Fetal hypoxia means a complex of changes that undergoes a fetus as a result of a lack of oxygen. Oxygen starvation leads to a breakdown in the body's functions and fetal metabolic processes, which can cause very serious disturbances.

    Lack of oxygen in the early stages of pregnancy can trigger embryonic developmental disorders, and in the late term the central nervous system of the child suffers.

    Causes of hypoxia

    There is acquired and hereditary hypoxia. Many doctors consider it to be a genetic problem. Very often, the mother's illnesses that she had before pregnancy:

    • lung pathology;
    • kidney disease;
    • heart failure;
    • diabetes;
    • anemia.

    Complications during pregnancy can also cause a lack of oxygen in the fetus. To such reasons carry the following:

    • gestosis;
    • excess amount of amniotic fluid;
    • problems with the placenta;
    • pelvic presentation of the baby;
    • if at once two or several kids;
    • disorders in uteroplacental blood flow
    • peremeshivanie.

    Fetal diseases can also lead to hypoxia. These include anemia, congenital malformations, infection or incompatibility of blood in a child and mother.

    Causes of acute generic hypoxia:

    • placental abruption;
    • anesthesia during labor;
    • rapid delivery, etc.

    Acute hypoxia of the baby doctors are anxious to warn. In this case, they do a caesarean section if the problem occurred during the first stage of labor. If the uterus has already opened, then apply forceps.

    How to prevent fetal hypoxia

    As it may sound banal, but stick to a healthy lifestyle during pregnancy. Walk daily in the fresh air, ventilate the room. Eat regularly and eat more vitamins.

    Video materials on the topic of the article

    What the gynecologist tells about this problem:

    What is the cause of the oxygen starvation of the fetus:

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