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  • Diet № 8

    They are equally curative and preventive, since they help to reduce excess body weight. In order to influence the metabolism in this way, these diets are poor in carbohydrates, contain less fat than usual, and somewhat more than the physiological norm of proteins. Cooking salt, liquid, spices, nitrogen-containing extractives of meat, fish, mushrooms, and smoked products are severely restricted. Caloric content of the daily diet of diet No. 8 should not normally exceed 1900 kcal, but only with the permission of the doctor.

    Culinary processing - depending on the general condition and the presence of concomitant diseases - usual or second dishes are cooked with steamed boiled.

    1) Obesity of varying degrees, requiring a special diet.

    2) Obesity as a concomitant disease in various diseases or complications of their course( in the absence of disturbances on the part of the digestive system).

    Influence metabolism to prevent and eliminate excess adipose tissue.

    General characteristics of

    .The diet provides for limiting the total calorie content of food mainly by reducing the carbohydrate content, especially easily digestible, with a moderate decrease in fat content and an increase in the protein norm. Restriction of liquid and table salt. To reduce the excitability of the food center of the brain( suppressing appetite) exclude flavoring seasonings, extractives and spices. To achieve a sense of satiety, food is given fractional( at least 6 times per day) and the diet includes bulky, but low-calorie foods.

    Culinary processing. Normal. The temperature of food is normal.

    Chemical composition and calorific value of .Proteins 120-130 g, fats 80 grams, carbohydrates 120 g. Caloric content 1700-1800 kcal. Food is prepared without salt, according to the doctor's prescription, salt is given to the patient's hands( no more than 5 g).The total weight of the diet is 3-3.5 kg;free liquid 1 liter.

    Bread and bakery products-black bread, protein-wheat with bran( 150 grams per day).

    Soups-mainly on vegetable broth, 2-3 times a week on a weak meat, fish or mushroom broth( no more than 1/2 portion).

    Meat and fish dishes - lean beef, 1-2 times a week low-fat lamb, low-fat pork predominantly in boiled, puffed( up to 150 g per day), lean poultry, rabbit, dietary sausages;low-fat varieties of fish( pike perch, cod, pike, navaga, carp, etc.) mainly in boiled, jellied, sometimes fried form;The fish can be replaced with a 1: 1 ratio( for example, 100 grams of 150 grams of fish).

    On average, the daily diet should not be less than 400-500 g of protein products( meat, fish, cottage cheese).To increase the biological value of the diet, it should include marine products( mussels, trepangs, scallops, squid, etc.) in canned and natural form.

    Eggs and egg products-per day 1-2 eggs.

    Milk and milk products - whole milk, kefir, yogurt, sour cream( 1-2 tablespoons in a dish), cottage cheese( mostly fat-free - 100-200 g per day) in kind or as cheesecakes, cheese cakes, puddings.

    Vegetables and greens - white cabbage, color, lettuce, radish, cucumbers, zucchini, tomatoes in raw, boiled and baked form. Dishes from potatoes, beets, carrots, swede( no more than 200 g per day).

    Fruits, berries, sweets - sour and sweet and sour varieties of fruits and berries( apples, lemons, oranges, red currants, gooseberries, cranberries, etc. - up to 200 g per day) in raw form, in the form of compotes without sugar. Sweets are excluded.

    Cereals and pasta - in limited quantities( eat occasionally by reducing the amount of bread).

    Fats - cream and vegetable oil( 40 g per day for cooking).

    Snacks - mild cheeses, salads, vinaigrettes, jellied lean fish, lean ham, doctor's sausage.

    Sauces and spices - mild sauces on vegetable, sometimes mushroom broth, meat or fish broth with vinegar, tomato puree;sauces with roots.

    Drinks and juices - loose tea, tea with milk, coffee is not strong, tomato juice, fruit and berry juices from sour varieties of berries and fruits;alkaline mineral water. The total amount of liquid( along with soup, milk, yogurt, compote, drinks) to 5 glasses per day.

    Prohibited: pasta, rice and semolina, grapes, sweet fruits and vegetables containing a large amount of carbohydrates, refractory fats, strong meat and fish broths, honey, jam, cakes, biscuits, spices, hot snacks.

    1-st breakfast - cottage cheese( 100 g), carrots stew( 200 g), coffee with milk without sugar( 1 glass).

    2nd breakfast - salad from fresh cabbage without salt and sour cream( 170 g).

    Vegetarian lunch( 1/2 portion), boiled meat( 90 g), peas green without oil( 50 g), apples fresh( 100 g).

    Snack - cottage cheese( 100 g), decoction of rose hips( 100 g), fresh fruit( 100 g).

    Dinner - boiled fish( 100 g), vegetable stew( 1/2 serving), fresh fruit or berries( 100 g).

    At night, kefir( 1 glass), rye bread( 150 g).