Distillation - lily - Lilium L.
May 25, 2018
The genus Lily is numerous, contains more than 100 species, common in Europe, Asia, North America. Large, bright flowers of lilies have long attracted the attention of man, and in ancient times it was grown as an ornamental plant. Images of lilies are found on ancient Egyptian and ancient Greek monuments.29
Many myths and legends are associated with this plant. White lily was considered a symbol of innocence and purity. The Greeks attributed her divine origin. In Catholics and Christians, the lily is considered the flower of the Blessed Virgin. Known for the commitment of French kings to the lily, which has become since the V century a symbol of royal power.
More than 200 years ago a systematic selection of lilies was started, first in Japan, and then in Europe and America. In our country, IV Michurin in 1914 received as a result of crossing two kinds of lilies, the Phyllova lily with large and fragrant flowers.
The selection of lilies continues with success and at the present time. In total there are about 3 thousand varieties of lilies in the world.
Bulb of lilies naked, with loose-crimson unclosed scales, perennial. In fleshy scales accumulate nutrients, which provide a spring growth of the shoot and wintering of the plant. Bulbs vary in size, shape and color. Scaling increases from inside the bulb, and the outer scales gradually thin out and die.
Leaves narrow, lanceolate or rather wide, their location on the stalk is regular or whorled.
The stem of the lilies is straight, in some species - curved, densely bred, ends with one or many flowers collected in racemose or umbellate inflorescences.
Flowers in most species are large, varied in form and color. According to the form, the flowers are cup-shaped.cup-shaped( broad-funnel-shaped), chalmoid, tubular, and others.
Coloring of lily flowers varies in yellow, orange, pink and red tones - from the most delicate to the full-carmine-red. Very well-dressed white 30 lilies.
Fig. Forms of a flower of a lily: / - kobkovidnaja;2 - chachmoid;3 - cup-shaped;4 - campanulate;5 - tubular
Growing lilies in a living room is quite possible and allows you to have beautiful flowers in the winter and early spring. In addition, under the glass it is possible to grow thermophilic species, such as golden, Japanese, Nepalese and others lily, which do not winter in our conditions in the ground.
Lily - plants are large, they require large and sufficiently deep containers( large pots, boxes, containers).For forcing take completely ripe bulbs, which in summer do not give a blossom, pre-plucking all the buds;bulbs should be dense, healthy, 5-10 cm in diameter.
Dig up lilies in late September - early October, the selected bulbs should not dry out, so they are put in a box, covered with wet peat or moss and put in a cellar with a temperature of 5-10 ° C.The period of cooling bulbs should be at least 6 weeks. The longer cooling continues, the greater the confidence in successful forcing. Plant lilies in late October or in November, then the flowering will be in April-May, since for the development of lilies from planting to flowering it takes 18-22 weeks. The duration of foraging of Asian lilies is reduced as the length of daylight hours increases. So, to receive flowers by March 8, the bulbs are planted on December 10.With forcing out by May 9, the term of forcing out lilies is much shorter: onions are planted on February 28.
The time of distilling tubular lilies is about 120 days.
Pour a layer of fine gravel or coarse sand into pots or containers, then fill them with a layer of 3-4 cm, a thin layer of sand is poured over it and a bulb is planted on it, carefully spreading the roots so as not to break them. From the top of the bulb to the edge of the pot should remain at least 5 cm. This space is later filled with soil, when the young growth grows out the edge of the pot and the stem roots begin to form
.After planting, the bulbs are well watered and put the container in a cool place at a temperature of 5-8 ° C.
When the sprouts reach a height of 15-20 cm, lilies are put on light and raise the temperature to 12-15 ° C, and a week later - to 18-20 ° C.
With the advent of the stem begin top dressing. Fertilize once a week before the appearance of colored buds. After cutting the flowers, watering is reduced until the leaves dry completely. Then the bulbs are planted to finish growing.
For preliminaries, all early-flowering lilies can be used. The varieties and hybrids of the lily of the Dutch, long-flowered, royal( Regal), tubular hybrids, etc. are successful.
Description of the marginal varieties. Volzhanka. From 3 to 9 tubular flowers, white with cream shade, with apricot-yellow center. Diameter 12 cm. The aroma is strong.
Volkhov. Flowers 5-8, cup-shaped, widely covered, 10-12 cm in diameter, orange-yellow. Height 80-100 cm. Forms stem cauliflowers. Blooms in July.
Pyramidal. Inflorescence pyramidal from 15-28 flowers, they are cup-shaped, yellow-orange, 11-13 cm in size. Plant height is 60-70 cm.
Northern Palmyra. In the inflorescence up to 15 tubular pink-white flowers, up to 20 cm in diameter. Aromatic. The height of the plant reaches 120-150 cm. A powerful and very effective plant.
Ashberry. Dense, racemose inflorescence of 11-12 cup-shaped orange-red flowers with numerous dark brown spots and strokes. Flowers 11-12 cm in diameter are directed upwards. Height of plants is 70-80 cm.
Sibiryachka. Friable, racemose inflorescence: 7-13 cup-shaped, bright red flowers pointing upward. The diameter of the flower is 12-13 cm. Plant height is 90-120 cm. 33
Acromed. A racemose inflorescence of 10-J 6 cup-shaped, upward directed, golden-yellow flowers with dark brown spots in the center. The diameter of the flower reaches 13-15 cm. The brown color of the stem in the upper part is congested with yellow flowers. Height of plants is 120-140 cm.
Vesta. Conical inflorescence of 9-13 cup-shaped light-yellow flowers directed upwards. The diameter of the flower is 12-13 cm. Plant height is 95-105 cm.
Polyushko. In the inflorescence up to 7-11 flowers of bright orange coloration with a few dark brown spots at the base of the lobes. Wide-cheeked flowers are directed upwards. The diameter of the flower is 14-16 cm. Plant height is 90-110 cm.
Pink fantasy. Inflorescence umbellate-racemose, from 11-15 flowers 14-15 cm in diameter, bright pink in color, with a creamy center. Wide-cheeked flowers are directed upwards. Plants are high( up to 130 cm), strong, with a thick stem. Bulbs in overgrowth germinate directly on the stem.
Irina. In the racemose inflorescence there are 3-9 large, tubular flowers of white color, with a light yellow center. Outside, the petals of the flower are lilac-pink, inside are white, with pale pink edges. The diameter of the flower reaches 15-17 cm. The height of the plants is 160 cm. The aroma is average, specific.