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  • Preparation and use of herbal preparations

    plant

    Part used

    collection time

    method for preparing

    Rhizoma finely milled to

    KKZ8 ""

    Air marsh

    Rhizoma

    During

    Powder sprinkle

    entire period of growth

    powdery state

    damaged mite and fly attack plant parts

    Akonit( species)

    Shoots with

    For

    period To prepare infusion, take

    Used for

    with flowers and

    flowering

    1 kg of dry grass or rhizomes,

    against aphids,

    leaves, and

    finely crush them and pour

    larvae

    also

    10 liters of water. After 48 hours of insisting,

    sawfly,

    tuber

    ni add 50 g of soap. Before spraying, dilute to 15 liters with water. For pollination of pests, take

    as a bear, leaf beetle, spider mites and mice

    F - hereafter

    1 L infusion and moisten it with 10 grams of

    means that the plant

    carries a cunt, then dry

    is toxic

    and carefully grind lumps

    Marigolds

    Plant with

    During

    Dry plants( 1/2 buckets) per

    Used for

    with inflorescence

    flowering

    pour 10 L of warm water, insist for 2 days, strain, filter and add 40 g of soap

    anti-aphid control

    B

    for

    for

    is used for

    in autumn F

    forage,

    to grind 1 kg of dry tuberous-

    to control aphid

    seeds

    June-July

    for vina, pour in 10 liters of water andleave to infuse for 36 hours. Then infuse the filter and add 30 g of soap.

    Belena

    Leaves,

    Early

    For the preparation of ,

    is used for

    black F

    spring,

    1 kg dry plant and pour

    destruction of aphid,

    aboveground

    period

    10 liters of water. Inserts during

    caterpillars, moths,

    part of

    flowering,

    for 12 hours and filtered.

    plants,

    To prepare the broth, take

    herbivorous

    young

    autumn

    3 kg fresh plants( 1 kg dry)

    bugs and arachnid

    roots

    and pour 10 liters of water, boil for 1-2 hours, filter outand add 30 g. of soap

    mite

    Hemlock

    Leaves,

    May-July;

    To prepare the infusion, take

    Destructive for larvae

    spotted F

    inflorescence

    until August

    1 kg leaves( 0.7 kg inflorescence) and pour 3 liters of water. Insist for 1 hour, filter and the plant mass re-pour 3 liters of water for 1-2 hours. Then mix the first and second liquid fractions and add up to 15 liters of water, adding 40 grams of soap

    sawfly, leaf-gnawing caterpillars( moths, mottled, moths, leaf-eaters), as well as small beetles

    Borshevik

    All

    Period

    For the preparation of infusion, take

    Against aphids, leafworm-

    dissected

    aboveground

    flowering,

    1 kg of dry plants and pour

    current, scabbards and spider-

    part of

    10 liters of water. Insist 24 h,

    of the tick. Spray-

    plants,

    , filter and add 30 g

    to hold tri-

    rhizome

    before and after flowering

    soap

    every 5-7 days

    Plant

    Usage part

    Collection time

    Method preparation

    Infestation on pests

    Brown elder

    Branches with

    Beginning

    For infusion it is necessary 1 kg of dry

    Repels dlinys-

    buds and

    flowering

    leaves and inflorescences that

    ka, Fruit flies and

    inflorescence

    pour 10 liters of water. Infuse 24 hours. Infuse the filter and add 30 grams of soap

    is changed against the mouse rodents. Flowering branches of elder, spread out next to plants, discourage insect pests

    Milestone poisonous

    Rhizome with

    Spring and summer

    For preparation of infusion 1 kg

    Apply against

    roots

    dry rhizomes pour 10 liters of water and infuse for 24 hours. Filteradd

    soap larvae, moths, moths, leafworms, seedlings and raspberry beetles

    Eye spines

    All

    Period

    For 1 kg dry grind-

    Against aphids, moths,

    aboveground

    flowering: with

    corpuscle plant parts pour

    moths,

    AND

    parts

    May to June

    for 36 hours 10 liters of water. Filter the

    hinged fungi,

    plants and rhizomes

    and add 40 g of soap

    raspberry beetle and mice

    Gentchak creeping

    All

    Period

    For preparation of broth 1 kg

    Use against

    aboveground

    flowering

    dry plant pour 3 l of water

    aphid, meds, thrips,

    part of

    and infuse for 6-8 hours. Then

    of brooding and spider's

    plants

    boil for 30 minutes. Cool the broth filtered and add to it 5 liters of water and 20 grams of soap

    mite

    Mustard white

    Infusion cook 15 grams of dry mustard powder and 10 liters of water;to infusion add 30 grams of soap

    Against aphids, herbivorous bugs and ticks

    Mustard mustard

    Above-ground

    Period

    For 100g dry grass,

    Used against

    part

    flowering

    ground to powder-

    aphids, drooling penny-

    plant

    state( 600 g large green mass), pour 10 liters of water. Insist for 48 hours, filter and add 30 g. Of

    soap, meadow bug and herbivorous caterpillars

    delphinium

    Rhizomes,

    Period

    For 500 g dry leaves

    For control of aphids,

    field

    leaves and

    flowering

    50 grams of rhizomes or 200 g of seeds)

    leaf-gnawing geese-

    fungi)

    shoots,

    ( at the end of

    pour 5 l of water. Insert

    with butterfly faces,

    seeds of

    summer)

    days, filter and add up to 10 liters.

    For decoction of 1 kg of the aboveground part, pour 10 l of water, infuse for 12 hours, then boil for 1 hour. Filter and add 30 g of soap( broth and infusion apply no later than 15 days before collection of fruits.month).The rhizomes shall be finely ground and the resulting powder should be used to pollute the sites of the greatest pest of

    pests with beetles, silkworm caterpillars, hawthorn, zlatoguska, medina, moth flies, moth, arc bug, spider mite, root nematode

    Leaves,

    Period

    For infusion 2 kg of undermined

    Against aphids, caterpillars

    flowers and

    flowering

    of plant mass( 1 kg dry)

    leaf-chewing

    buds

    pour 3 liters of water and insist 12 hours. Filterand add to 10 liters and add 30 grams of soap. For the decoction of , the ratios are the same,

    of insects, coffin, field bug and spider mite

    Plant

    Part

    ,

    Exposure to pests

    III §

    but after 1 h infusion, boil

    boil for 2 hours. Cool, filter, dilute to 10 L with water and add soap

    Spruce

    Needles

    Infusion: 2 kgneedles pour 7 liters of water, insist 2 days. Filter and dilute with water( 1: 3).2 tbsp.l.extract( factory preparation) dissolve in 10 liters of water and add 20 grams of soap

    Against aphids, leaf beetles, leafworms, sawfly larvae

    Calendula

    Flowers

    All period

    For infusion 1 kg of flowers( 600 g

    Against leafgrave-

    medicinal

    flowering

    dry) pour 10 liters of water and

    pests, glue

    ( marigold)

    plants

    insist 1-2 days, strain

    cabbage soup and fusarium disease

    Potatoes

    Healthy

    All period

    Drinking 1,2 kg green(600-

    For combating aphids,

    tops

    vegetation

    800 g. Dry tops infuse 3-4 hours in 10 liters of warm water and strain

    with a spider mite, caterpillars of butterflies damaging cabbage

    Clematis

    Buds and

    Period

    For the preparation of infusion1 kg

    Against arachnid

    ( clematis)

    flowers

    flowering

    raw material pour 10 liters of water. Insist for 24 hours and filter out

    mites, scabbards, gall midges, fleas or tubs

    Burdock large

    Green

    Infusion: 1/2 buckets finely cut-

    Against leafgrave-

    ( burdock)

    leaves

    leafy leaves insist in a bucket of water. After 3 days strain and without adding water, use

    butterfly caterpillars on cabbage and other vegetables, slobbery, aphids, onion bugs, gall midges and mites

    Onion

    Onion pulp,

    For infusion 300 g of chopped

    To combat spider-web

    onion

    onion( 150 g onion husk) after

    with the same mite, grow 10D of warm water with

    and pour for 4-5 days, strain( spray 3 times every 5 days).

    Or in a bucket filled with onion hull to half, pour 10 liters of hot water, insist 24 hours, drain. For spraying, dilute 1: 2 with

    water with malignant bug species, drooling foam, aphids, pathogens of fungal diseases

    Euphorbia

    Shoots with

    After

    For preparation of decoction 3 g

    Use against

    rods,

    leaves

    flavors( 1 kg dry)

    aphid, leaf beet, bear-

    M. marsh

    plants

    raw material pour 5 liters of water. Boil

    ki, dribbled penstock

    and M. Komarov

    for 1-2 hours, filter

    and leaf-eating geese-

    and dilute to 10 liters with water, then add 40 grams of soap( spray three times every 5-7 days)

    for butterflies

    Dandelion

    Leaves and

    All period

    For preparation of infusion 200-

    Against aphids, meds,

    medicinal

    roots

    vegetation

    300 g of crushed roots or 400 g of fresh( 50 dry) leaves pour 5l of warm water( no higher than 40 ° C), insist for 1 to 2 days, percentunite( use only freshly prepared infusion).You can add 15 grams of soap

    spider mites, bugs, drooling pennies. Processing time of fruit trees: according to blossoming buds, immediately after flowering and after 10-15 days

    Plant

    Used

    Part

    2 kg fresh( 1 kg dry)

    Pest impact

    Alder gray

    Leaves

    All period

    Alder

    vegetation

    Leaf pour 10 liters of water, insist24 h and then boil for 30-40 min

    Asparagus

    Overhead

    All period

    For the preparation of the present 1 kg

    Apply

    parts of the

    plant vegetation

    green mass to pour 3 liters of water. Leave to stand for 8-10 hours, then filter and add 15 grams of soap( infusion can not be stored!)

    Mildew

    Nightshade sweet

    Shoots with

    Period

    For preparation of broth 5 kg

    Helps to fight

    bitter

    leaves

    flowering

    green mass pour 10 liters of water and leave for 3 hours. Then infuse the boil for 2-3 hours on low heat. The broth is not subject to long-term storage. Before spraying, dilute it with water at a ratio of 1: 1 and add the soap

    with moles, leaf beetles, leafworms and sawfly larvae

    Peppers

    Pods

    After

    1 kg of raw( 500 g. Dry) fruits

    Aphid( species), leafy-

    fruits)

    maturation

    infuse 2 days in 10 liters of water. For broth 1 kg of cut fruits boil in 10 liters of water, then 2 days insist. Dilute with water at a ratio of 1: 7. For spraying, take 100 g of concentrate per 10 liters of water.

    chaser caterpillars of cabbage butterflies and cabbage whites

    Pepper red

    Pod pods

    After

    For broth 100 grams of red plaids

    Against slugs, aphids,

    bitter

    ( fruit)

    ripening

    dov, previously shredded, pour 1 liter of water. Boil for 1 hour and infuse the broth 2 days To use 2 cups of broth dilute in 10 l of water and add 30 g of soap

    herbivorous bugs, ticks and leaf-chewing caterpillars

    Pyrethrum pink

    Flowers

    During the period

    Infusion: 200 g dryshredded-

    Used against

    mass

    raw material pour 5 liters of water and

    aphids, caterpillars shovels, molasses,

    flowering

    insist 5 hours Filter the solution and pour the solid mass again for 5 hours. Do the same for the third time, then mix all the fractions

    whether leaf-eaters, moth flies, sawfly larvae, ticks and flies. Also applied against domestic insects

    Wormwood bitter

    Above ground

    During

    Broth: 1 kg well dried

    Against leafgrave

    part

    flowering

    th raw material boil 10-20 minutes in 5 liters of water, decoction chill, strain and dilute 10l of water. Additives: the effectiveness of the broth will increase if you add liquid chicken manure( 1 kg to 2 liters of water) and insist for 2 days. Spraying is carried out thrice( every 7 days)

    caterpillars of butterflies, larvae of sawfly, leaf beetle, weevil, scoop and moth Fruit

    Period

    Decoction: 4 kg fresh( 2 kg dry)

    To fight open

    green

    vegetation

    raw materials

    by living caterpillars

    aboveground

    by passing through the meat grinder, behind the

    butterflies and the

    larvae, in that

    is poured with water( up to 10 liters), insisting

    ( spurious caterpillars)

    number

    for 6 hours, boil for 30 minutes on non-

    lilschikov,

    stepchildren,

    high heat and drain. Pe-

    fusiform, aphid

    roots and other wastes

    by spraying diluted with water in a ratio of 1 : 3 and

    ( types)

    Plant

    Part Used

    ,

    Collection time

    Preparation procedure

    Effect on pests

    add 40 g of soap to 10 liters of broth.

    & lt;

    Pollution with dust: 10 kg of lime-lozenge( or ash), moisten 2 liters of broth, knead it to powder. Treat once every 10 days

    Rhubarb

    Adults

    Period

    Infusion: 1 kg of fresh leaves

    From bulbous moths and

    leaves

    of vegetation

    to scald with boiling water and allow to stand until completely cooled down under the lid. Top up with water to 5 l and use fresh

    black bean aphids

    Chamomile Azteca

    Leaves and

    Period

    Infusion: 1 kg of dry raw material pour

    Against sucking inflorescences

    10L hot( up to 60-70 ° C) water

    children, small geese-

    baskets

    and insist for 12 hours. Filter. Before spraying, dilute with water in a ratio of 1: 2 and add in the infusion of 20 g. Soap

    of the faces of butterflies and larvae of sawflies, caterpillars of moths, mottled moths, moths, leaf beetles

    Pine

    Annual

    Over

    Infusion: 2 kg of needles to insist 5-7

    Leaf flies, leaf rollers,

    ordinary

    increments

    summer

    days in 8 liters of water. Infusion stir daily. Before spraying dilute with water in a ratio of 1: 10

    larvae of the sawfly, aphids( species)

    Tobacco present

    Waste,

    As the

    Infusion: 400 g of dried sour-

    Aphids, coins, trip-

    and mahorka

    received

    rja chop and insist 2 days

    sy, openly nourishing-

    when caring for

    in 10 l of water, strain, dilute

    Caterpillars and larvae

    with

    water( 1: 2).Before spraying-

    ki sawfly, moth,

    and drying

    ( fragments of

    leaves,

    add 40 grams of soap per 10 liters

    leaf rollers, moths, forest bug, spider mite

    dust, etc.)

    Broth: 400 g of dried raw material insist 24 hours10 liters of water, then boil for 2 hours. After cooling

    Cruciferous and other

    blocks diluted with water( 1: 2).

    Before sprinkling add 40 g of soap per 10 liters. Pollution with tobacco dust in a mixture with slaked lime( 1: 1).Fumigation of the site

    Apple fescue

    Yarrow

    Aboveground

    In the period

    Infusion / decoction: 2 kg fresh( 800 g

    Against aphids, coffins,

    ordinary

    part

    flowering

    dried) raw materials to grind and scald with boiling water. Top up the water to 10 liters, infuse 36-48 hours or boil for 30 minutes. To 10 liters of infusion or broth add 40 grams of soap. Store in a sealed container. Spraying is done three times - every 5 days

    of small leaf-eating caterpillars of butterflies and larvae of sawflies, arachnid mites, clover, herbivorous bugs

    Horsetail

    Aboveground

    Period

    Infusion: 1 - 1.5 kg of fresh raw material

    To fight fungi-

    part

    vegetation

    pour 2 liters of boiling water and allow to brew until fully cooled, herbal mass squeeze. Infuse the infusion with water to 5-7 liters and spray the

    plants with the following diseases: rust, real and downy mildew, gray mold, leaf spot of celery, cabbage whale( in the initial stage)

    Citrus

    Crusts

    Infusion: 1 kg of dried crusts softenand pass through

    Against aphids, herbivorous mites,

    Plant

    Plant

    Plant

    Plant

    Collect time

    Method of preparation

    Influence on pests

    ( orange, lemon,

    meat grinder, the resulting mass of

    caterpillar tracks and

    mandarin)

    pour 10 liters of warm water, insist 3-5 days in a dark place, filter outand add 40 g of soap.(Spraying is done every 10 days.) Alternate alternating with paprika and garlic treatment.

    of the mealybug

    . Lederia Lobelia

    . Rhizomes,

    . Early Spring.

    . Infusion: 1 kg fresh( 250 g dry-

    from aphids, weevil,

    (before the

    , 100 grams of rhizomes), pour in the raw material of the

    crimson beetle, or

    leaves)

    10 liters of water.

    melt flotilla,

    and fall,

    Insist for 10 h

    moth, sawfly and mice

    shoots with leaves( in the "green cone" phase)

    spring

    Broth: same ratio of raw and water. After 3 hours of infusion, boil for 40 minutes in a sealed vessel. Infusion and broth to filter and add 30 g of soap. The last spraying period is 10 days before harvest

    Cherry

    Leaves

    Spring

    Infusion: 300g finely chopped-

    Use of aphids,

    (

    must be filled with 10 liters of water,

    fusariose, powdery

    before flowering)

    After aging for 2-3 days, filter and spray it with a sick plant 2 times per season

    dew and cushion

    Black

    Aboveground

    Period

    Fresh or scalded boil-

    Against the mouse

    part of the plant

    veget

    kom dry plants spread out into the burrows of mice and rats, weighed indoors, placed under haystacks

    rodents and hares

    Purity large

    Overhead

    Period

    Infusion: 3 kg fresh( 1 kg dry-

    Against aphids, fleas,

    part of the

    flowering plant

    ) raw material pour 10 liters of water. Insist 36 hours, filter and add 30 grams of soap. Powdered against fleas to dry dry powdered

    raw material of scabbard and scotch

    Garlic

    Leaves,

    Period

    Infusion: 150-200 g. Crushed-

    Against aphids, spidery

    floral

    flowering

    raw material pour 10 liters of water and

    ticks, weevils,

    arrows or

    insist for 24 hours. After

    leafy, the plant-

    teeth

    this immediately used for spraying plants. Or to grind 500 g of denticles, pour 3 liters of water and leave in a tightly closed container for 2 days in a dark place. After draining the liquid extract, repeat the infusion of the remaining plant mass. Then mix both fractions, add water to 10 liters. For spraying, use 250 g of infusion of 10 liters of water and add 20 g of soap. The treatment should be carried out not more often than 5 days after

    of ni ticks, bugs, nematodes, mites

    equine

    Roots

    Infusion: 300 g of crushed roots pour 10 l of water and insist for 2-3 hours. Infuse the extract and immediately use forspraying plants

    Against aphids and cruciferous bugs on the cabbage family

    It should be remembered that many insecticidal plants are sufficiently toxic to humans, so collect, treat and apply them should be followed by precautions. When collecting and grinding plants, you should wear gloves, as their juice can cause a serious allergic reaction. The face and eyes must be protected with ligament and eyeglasses in order to avoid the possibility of splashes and small particles of plants falling onto the sensitive face and eyes. Pollination and spraying of plants with prepared preparations must also be done with gloves and glasses. After finishing work with poisonous plants, carefully wash hands and rinse: used dishes with soda solution.

    To increase the effectiveness of the product, pollination or spraying of plants should be carried out in dry weather, when the apparent probability of rain for at least 1-2 days is excluded, otherwise rain will simply wash off the treated plant drug and it will lose its pest effect. Spraying plants with pest accumulation sites is necessary depending on the area of ​​the lesion using a manual spray gun or a special pump with a sprayer. To prevent the preparation from gathering large droplets on the foliage of plants and rolling down from them, it is necessary to spray the solution evenly from a distance of at least 50-70 cm from the plant, subsequently moving the flow of the preparation to new parts of the treated plant. To increase the degree of exposure, the preparation treats not only the external but also the reverse side of the leaves.

    Natural preparations for the control of diseases and pests can be prepared not only on the basis of vegetable infusions and broths. In conditions of homestead management for the control of powdery mildew , such preparations as infusion of mullein, fly ash, soap and soap and soap solutions proved to be very good. They are easy to prepare and have a gentle effect.

    solution: 2-3 kg of wood ash is cleaned of coarse coal particles, poured into 10 liters of hot water and insisted for 2 days. The present solution is treated with crops 2 times a month.

    Soap and soap solution: 300 g of wood ash pour 10 liters of hot water, mix and put on fire, bring to a boil and set aside. Allow the solution to cool and drain.250-300 g. Of household soap to grate and dissolve in still warm ash solution, wait until the soap disperses. The present solution to process crops 1-2 times a month.

    Soap solution: 300 g of household soap grate and dissolve in 10 liters of warm water, it is desirable that the water was soft. If the soap is poorly soluble, you can soften the water by adding a little baking soda.

    Salicylic-soapy emulsion: a piece of green soap grate and dissolve in 10 liters of warm water, dissolve 10 g of salicylic acid in a small amount of water and add to a soap solution. Emulsion to process plants not more than 2 times a month.

    dusting with clean ash: wood ash cleaned from coarse coal particles, pollinate

    plants at a rate of 15-20 grams of ash per adult shrub.

    Infusion Mullein: 3 kg Mullein pour 10 liters of water, stir and allow to stand for 3 days until completely dissolved. Strain the infusion and treat the plants in case of severe damage 3 times a month.

    Hay liquor. 5 kg of hay, pour 10 liters of water, stir and leave, in the sun for 2-3 days to infuse, after this time, drain the infusion, wring out the hay, treat the crops 3-4 times a month at regular intervals.

    Protective herbal preparations

    Emulsifying suspension; 200 g. Dry raw pyrethrum pink powder in powder and mix thoroughly with 200 g. Kerosene, then dilute in 10 liters of water. Such a suspension is capable of infecting pests with a dense chitinous cover, which is impenetrable and invulnerable to most conventional preparations.

    Plants-protectors against pests

    For a number of signs and the nature of the damage caused to the plant, it is possible to understand with which pest we are dealing and, depending on this, to choose the right plant capable of destroying the pest and protecting the crops. Often measures to spray plants with plant protective compounds are taken as prevention.

    Weevil - elder, milestone, chieher, garlic.

    Mite cobweb - aconite, whitecloth, cow-grass, gorchak, mustard, delphinium, potato, klema-yew, burdock, onion, dandelion, pepper, feverfew, tobacco, yarrow, garlic.

    Bale of wood, meadow - bleached, mustard, datura, burdock, onion, spurge, dandelion, pepper, tomatoes, yarrow, garlic

    Leaf-roll - bleached, borshchevik, milestone, pine.

    Leafyard - aconite, bleached, hemlock, spurge, nightshade, wormwood, chamomile, pine.

    Mole - colchicum, bleached, hemlock, milestones, crow of the eye, feverfew, chamomile, tobacco, chieher.

    - Nematoda - marigolds, delphinium, calendula, citrus, garlic

    Penny slobbery - mustard, burdock, onion, spurge, dandelion, pepper, tomato, tobacco, yarrow.

    Fruit jelly - elder, mustard, tomatoes, chicken.

    Pheidenitsa - hemlock, milestone, delphinium, crow eye, mustard, calendula, tobacco

    Aphids - aconite, marigolds, henbane, cow-bream, crow eye, mustard, delphinium, datura, spruce, potato, onion, spurge, dandelion, pepper, feverfew, tomatoes, pine, tobacco, yarrow, citrus, chicer, celandine, garlic

    Shield - cow-grass, mustard, clematis, feverfew, celandine.