May 22, 2018
Picks are a necessary step in the process of growing seedlings.3-5 weeks after sowing, in addition to cotyledons, the first adult leaves appear in the shoots, and at this time to obtain a strong low seedling with a developed root system, the seedlings of the
must be dived, that is, planted. As a result of transplanting plants receive a large feeding area, as well as space for the development of deciduous mass and the formation of the root system. The day before the picking, the seedlings need to be watered abundantly, so that the earth softens, and the plants are saturated with moisture and have a better transfer procedure. Just before the pick, you can once again moisten the ground. Seedling is extracted from the ground with a thin flat spatula very carefully, so as not to damage the tender roots, the tiniest seedlings are extracted from the ground with tweezers. The longest root root is pricked or shortened with scissors, this stimulates the growth of the lateral roots and the formation of a branched root system. Seedlings dive usually in a box or in a greenhouse, the ground in which is also thoroughly moistened beforehand so that it is easier for young plants to take root. In the pits or grooves prepared on the soil surface, the seedlings are lowered on cotyledons to be stably placed in the ground and additional lateral roots are formed from the stem, making sure that the young roots are freely located in the depression and directed downward, not bent or twisted. After planting, the ground near the seedling should be compacted to ensure that the roots have good contact with the soil. Depending on the type of plant, they are dived at a distance of 5x5 or 10x10 cm. Large plants are planted one at a time, small seedlings can be planted in bundles of 5 pieces and disconnected when they grow up. While the seedlings are not strong, they should be shaded, not allowing direct sunlight to hit them. Plants after planting are necessary.
After seedlings have appeared, the first adult leaves after the cotyledonous plants must be seeded or dived. This is necessary in order that each young plant has enough space for development and a large area of nutrition.
1. Before picking up the landing, it is necessary to water abundantly beforehand in order to soften the ground of
and to impregnate sensitive young plants with moisture.
2. With a spatula or a flat rod, the seedlings are very careful not to damage the tender roots, they are extracted from the ground.
3. The central long root is pricked or shortened with scissors, which stimulates the formation of a branched root system.
4. Plants are placed in prepared grooves in the ground, making sure that the roots are freely placed strictly down and are not twisted or bent. After planting, the soil next to the plants should be compacted so that the roots have complete contact with the soil.
5. After completing the planting, it is important to water them abundantly from the watering can and further monitor the moisture of the soil, which is extremely necessary for rooting the plants.
Pikirovka seedlings in pots
. The seeded seedling is lowered into the indentation in the ground along the cotyledons, compact the earth around to make the plant densekept in the ground and roots had contact with the soil, and abundantly watering the
can be abundantly watered, so that they quickly become entrenched, and further closely monitor the moisture of the soil.
When picking seedlings, it is recommended for disinfection to treat rootlets with a weak solution of potassium permanganate pale pink or ash solution
. Good results are obtained by peeling seedlings in separate peat pots or cubes, since the plant gets enough free space for development and reaches a constant place of growth with developed andintact root system. Pots and cubes are placed on a pallet, filled with soil and planted in them, carefully checking that the pot walls do not dry up, otherwise it will be difficult for the roots to break through them. When planting the seedlings
Filling the pots with the ground when picking the seedlings
1. Too much land, the water will roll down on the newly formed
mound and the plant will begin to experience a moisture deficit.
2. There is not enough land, the plant's position is not stable, the stem is not covered with soil, and therefore no side additional roots are formed, the plant will be weakened.
3. Proper planting of the plant, it is possible to deepen the seedling even more by the most cotyledonous leaves
Advantages of sprouting seedlings in peat pots and cubes
The plant gets more space for development and nutrition.
The root system is being formed more actively.
?: For seedlings in pots it is easier to regulate the mode of illumination, rearranging them depending on the needs of plants.
:;: - Seedlings are less stretched, it turns out stronger.
& lt;: At the time of planting, plants have a well-developed intact root system.
The seedlings are planted on a permanent place directly in a cube or pot, and the plant avoids additional transplantation, which traumatizes the root system.
Seedlings are better rooted, take root and do not experience a slowdown in development.
Seedlings are not sick, it is easier to tolerate a temporary moisture deficit and gives an earlier crop, as the plants develop without interruption.
peat pots and cubes are directly buried in the ground, and the plant thus avoids the subsequent traumatic root of the transplant.
Peat and earthen cubes for pickling seedlings can be prepared independently. To do this, you should take peat, earth, compost in equal parts, moisten them with water until a thick plastic mass is obtained and add any of the components in the required volume to achieve the desired consistency. From the resulting moist earth mixture, compact small cubes and allow them to dry.
You can dive seedlings in small plastic pots and cups, and after the plant gets stronger and develops sufficiently, it is transplanted to a permanent place with a clod of earth and a formed root system. Pots with a spiked seedling can be placed in a greenhouse and rearranged as the seedlings grow, increasing the distance between them, which prevents stretching and weakening of plants. In seedlings grown in pots, after landing on a permanent site, inhibition of growth is observed less often, since this seedling has a well-developed strong root system.
Reasons for drawing out seedlings
1. Lack of light
Seedlings need light, in case of insufficient illumination it is strongly stretched and at the same time lags behind in overall development, in forming the necessary volume of the root system. Such seedlings grow brittle and poorly adapted to the conditions of open ground.
2. Surplus watering
Seedlings should be watered regularly, but moderately. Excessive watering can cause excessive growth of seedlings upwards with a general lag in development, as well as a prerequisite for the occurrence of such a dangerous disease of seedlings as the black leg, which in most cases leads to the death of seedlings.