May 20, 2018
The most common minor injuries are cuts of and injections. Usually it is a question of superficial damages, when the skin layer is partially affected. In some cases it may be necessary to apply seams.
Sutures are usually sewn up to a depth of more than 12 mm, however, seams are applied to the face with a wound 5 mm deep. Children are injected with tetanus toxoid serum, because
foreign objects trapped in the skin lesion and dust can cause tetanus.
1. Wipe the skin around the cut in the direction from the edges of the wound with a clean cotton swab, changing it every time. Antiseptics apply not on the wound, but on the used tampon.
2. Small cuts heal faster if they are not bandaged. However, if the edges of the wound have parted, pull them down and apply one or two strips of adhesive plaster across the wound.
Never wipe open wounds with alcohol and iodine, as they will give a strong burning sensation and can damage adjacent tissues.
If the bleeding does not stop after five minutes after the wound, the wound is tightly wound with a bandage for several minutes.
Most cuts affect only the skin and underlying fatty tissue. Usually, such wounds are tightened, leaving no scars and scars. Damage to the internal tissues, such as muscles, tendons, blood vessels, ligaments or nerves, leaves traces behind. Timely contact with a doctor will help reduce the risk of scars and scars after a cut.
Cuts in the face, chest, abdomen or back are more dangerous than wounds on the legs or hands. Fortunately, most of the cuts happen on the limbs. Cuts on the body or face, excluding minor scratches, you need to show the doctor. You should consult a doctor for help if you notice fatty tissue protruding from the wound.
It may be difficult for you to determine whether or not the
vessels, nerves, or arteries are damaged. If the child complains of numbness in the wound area or bleeding can not be stopped by a simple tap and the child is experiencing pain or weakness - it is necessary to see a doctor immediately.
Symptoms of infection( from the wound oozes pus, the child has a fever, the wound is red, swollen), usually appear no earlier than 24 hours - bacteria need time to ripen and multiply. If the above symptoms appear, seek medical advice immediately.
In young children, salivary salivation is usually observed, therefore, the wounds on the face are usually too moist to resort to the above method, it is best to consult a doctor. To avoid possible residual traces after healing of a small wound on the face, a specialist must deal with its treatment.
Often, young children need to apply stitches even on a small wound, as they are!can disrupt the usual bandage.]
The same applies to cuts on both fingers and joints. Cuts on the palms are also highly susceptible to infection, so try not to resort to home treatment, even if the wound is shallow.
The doctor carefully cleans the wound and examines it for foreign bodies and damage to blood vessels, nerves or tendons. In some cases, anesthesia can be used to numb the area around the wound, so you should alert the doctor to possible allergic reactions of the baby to the medications.
If necessary, the doctor will prescribe tetanus vaccinations and determine if antibiotics should be taken( usually this is not required).
Surgical intervention is necessary in cases where the cuts are affected by tendons or large vessels, especially if the wound is on the arm. In case of cuts on the face, if there is a danger that a noticeable trail will remain after the wound healing, surgical intervention is also required.
The doctor who sewed up the wound should tell you when to remove the seams. This fairly simple procedure you can perform yourself. First of all, gently pry the seam assembly with forceps. Sometimes before this, it is necessary to wipe the
wound with water to soak the crust. Then cut the thread as close as possible to the skin and pull it out. It is best to use small nail scissors. Cut the thread as close to the skin as possible so that its outer end, when pulled out, passes as little as possible through the puncture, which will help to avoid unwanted contamination and contamination.