Hepatosis of the liver, the formulation of the term and its meaning
May 16, 2018
Hepatosis of the liver is an acute or chronic liver damage of non-inflammatory nature, which correlates with a metabolic disorder at the cellular level and with the development of degeneration of the parenchyma of the organ.
In fact, this term means an extensive group of diseases, which combines damage caused by various causes. But the consequence of their development is always the death of hepatites and necrotic tissue changes. In 90% of cases, hepatosis is considered fat. This type of pathology is distinguished by the fact that the cells of the body accumulate fats and then quickly change the structure of the parenchyma, making it friable.
With the development of hepatosis, pronounced diffuse changes are formed. To bring to such a state is quite difficult, in addition, the disease against the accumulation of fatty deposits is difficult to diagnose. But after detection of diffuse changes in ultrasound, specialists immediately draw the appropriate conclusions.
The liver is one of the most important organs in the digestive system and the disruption of its functions can affect the functioning of the intestine and gallbladder. The source of such pathologies is even more difficult to look for, and the symptoms will progress at a high rate.
Why does the liver develop hepatosis?
Acute form of hepatosis develops as a result of toxic damage to the liver. Which can be poisoning with arsenic or fluoride. Characteristic signs of the pathology develop immediately after drinking alcohol in large quantities, with an overdose of medicines, when eating poisonous fungi. Sometimes acute course manifests itself as a complication of viral form of hepatitis or sepsis.
Chronic hepatosis mainly becomes a consequence of prolonged use of alcohol, a lack of protein intake in the body or vitamins, a consequence of the toxins of bacteria, poisonous compounds.
The metabolic disorder in the body provokes a violation of metabolic processes directly in the liver. The pathogenesis of the disease in this case involves a violation of the absorption of fats, which directly affects the formation of lipoproteins to the cells of the organ.
Many exogenous substances, which include drugs and for a long time uncontrolled use can cause the development of hepatosis. If in such a situation the liver is affected, then the metabolism of bile acids is disturbed. Cholesterol, the process of formation of bile and the process of its outflow.
If the symptoms of liver hepatosis are actively progressing, then the active influence on this development is not only harmful factors, but toxic and allergic components.
Characteristic manifestations of disorders in the development of hepatosis
Patients with hepatosis complain of intense pain, which, when touched, becomes even stronger. Initially, the symptomatology appears a little blurry, but despite this, it is necessary to pay attention to the following symptoms:
- Pain sensations in the hypochondrium from the right side, arising at different times during the day or at night and even more often during exercise. The pain can be accompanied by a spasm of the stomach, which does not recede and at rest, but when it moves, it increases.
- The bulging of the liver - can develop with an increase in its size. This is the so-called third stage, when already when feeling, a feeling of discomfort and pain is noted.
- Flatulence, frequent violations of proper digestion regardless of diet.
- Diarrhea or constipation, manifested by themselves and not controlled.
- Bitterness in the mouth when swallowing saliva and the difficulty of confronting this sensation.
- Change in skin tone and eye proteins.
- Yellowness of urine, admixture of sand and blood in it.
- Increase in the size of the lymph nodes and raise the temperature to 37 degrees.
Diagnostic measures for the detection of hepatosis
An important and essential condition for the implementation of diagnostics for the liver is the complexity of the procedures performed. The doctor must necessarily examine the patient, examine the initial history of the disease, develop the symptoms and suggest their causes and consequences. As a rule, the doctor conducts palpation.
With the development of hepatic colic, it is necessary to start its cupping as soon as possible and only then to apply various methods of diagnosis. Diagnosis is the organization of a series of examinations for the further effective treatment of liver hepatosis. For accuracy, an additional control ultrasonography for the abdominal department is provided, a tomography that provides maximum information even with hidden abnormalities in the functioning of the internal organs.
The specialist prescribes the delivery of blood tests for the differentiation of the disease with hepatitis, the delivery of urine tests, as sometimes complications of the gallbladder entail the formation of stones in it.
Organization of treatment and recovery after hepatosis
Patients with manifestations of acute form of toxic liver hepatosis must be hospitalized urgently. When a patient is poisoned, the patient should rather carry out complex measures to stop penetration into the body of toxic substances and to accelerate from excretion from the body. This procedure a person can conduct on their own in the provision of pre-hospital care or in the hospital.
Emergency first aid measures consist in confronting hemorrhagic syndrome, general poisoning, decrease in potassium concentration in the blood. In severe cases hepatoprotectors for the liver, corticosteroids and liver failure therapy are prescribed.
When chronic form of hepatosis is very important to prevent the negative impact of the causes of the disease, it is strictly prohibited to drink alcohol. The sufferer is prescribed a diet for liver hepatosis with a high content of animal protein and low in animal fats.
It is recommended to influence the liver with lipotropic factors - folic, lipolic, acid, choline chloride. Also, a course of vitamin B12 and preparations with an extract of liver hydrolyzate is prescribed. Chronic form requires mandatory corticosteroid therapy. In addition, with the development of chronic hepatosis, patients should always be registered at the dispensary, they should not be treated in sanatoriums and boarding houses.
Prevention of exacerbations and complications is the timely treatment of the gastrointestinal tract and proper nutrition.Like the article? Share with friends and acquaintances: