Angina: treatment, symptomatology and diagnosis
May 15, 2018
Angina is an acute infectious disease, in which palatine tonsils( tonsils) become inflamed. The disease is dangerous for potential complications, so when you have symptoms, first of all, it is recommended to see a doctor.
The causative agents of the disease are microbes - streptococci or staphylococci.
Common symptoms of sore throat:
- sore throat swallowing,
- inflamed lymph nodes,
- fever( sometimes up to 41 ° C),
- reddened throat( sometimes with white spots),
- inflamed tonsils( sometimes with abscesses, gray or white bloom).
Also because of the general intoxication of the body and fever, the patient may have headaches, joint pains, weakness, malaise, nausea, chills.
What are the forms of sore throat?
The incubation period of the sore throat is 2-3 days. Consider the main forms of the disease.
Catarrhal sinus or without temperature
It is characterized by superficial inflammation of the tonsils and is accompanied by unpleasant sensations in the throat, which gradually turn into acute pain and malaise.
With catarrhal angina, the temperature rises slightly or it does not. It is treated, usually with the help of sulfonamide drugs, if there is a temperature - with the help of antipyretic drugs.
Lacunar and follicular form
Both forms are characterized by an increase in temperature to 40 ° C, chills, severe sore throat. The patient experiences general malaise, weakness, accompanied by pain in the joints, muscles, head, sometimes in the heart.
Cervical lymph nodes increase. Inflammation of the tonsils, they appear whitish-yellow plaque( with lacunar angina - in the mouths of lacunae, with follicular - on the surface of the tonsils).
Treatment of both forms includes the use of antibacterial drugs, antibiotics.
Ulcerative-necrotic type of the disease
It is manifested by a slight increase in temperature, poor swallowing, sometimes inflammation of the lymph nodes. Also on the tonsils appear ulcers, covered with a dirty-gray nale-tom. This form is treated by lubricating the sores with a solution of antibacterial drugs.
General recommendation for all types of angina - strict bed rest;It is absolutely not recommended to transfer a sore throat "on legs".Obligatory examination of the doctor and the implementation of his recommendations for taking medication. An abundant warm drink is recommended. Drinks should have an enveloping effect and do not irritate the mucous( milk, kissel, boiled water).
Drug treatment for sore throat must be supplemented with gargling( 10-15 times a day).For rinsing, anti-inflammatory and wound-healing agents are suitable.
In the presence of high temperature, it is not recommended to "warm up" the throat with compresses, as additional heat promotes reproduction of microbes and their active activity.
Remember that an improperly treated or cured disease often leads to a chronic form of the disease, which is accompanied by a general weakening of the immune system.
In case of exacerbations, the treatment methods listed above are applied, and also patients are prescribed maintenance therapy in the form of warming up, physiotherapy, etc.
It is recommended to wash the tonsils with antiseptic solutions. The most cardinal measure for chronic tonsillitis is the removal of tonsils.
How to treat a disease for pregnant women?
During pregnancy, women pay special attention to their health and try to avoid taking any medications. The greatest danger for the mother, or rather, for the fetus, is a sharp increase in temperature( in some cases this can even lead to miscarriage).Anxiety and other unpleasant symptoms of sore throat also cause additional anxiety to the expectant mother.
Angina in pregnancy - treatment, in the first place, is to consult a doctor. Before his arrival, one should not take any medications, it is better to lie down and rest. Necessarily need to eat, even if you do not really want to, and drink warm drinks. If the fever is heavily tolerated, then rubbing the body with a sponge dampened with warm water is used.
Medication in pregnant women consists in the proper selection of antibiotics that will help your mother and will be safe for the baby. Now such drugs are enough, it is important to choose the most suitable in a particular case.
Treatment of sore throat when lactating
Treatment of angina during breastfeeding necessarily includes contacting a doctor who will prescribe antibiotics compatible with breastfeeding. In addition, rinsings and plentiful drink are recommended.
Continue breastfeeding or not during the period of the disease? Modern studies have shown that interruption of feeding is not necessary. Conversely, a sharp cessation of breastfeeding during an infection increases the chances of contracting a child. A woman will often have to express milk during the day, which is difficult and even painful at high temperatures.
It is not recommended to boil milk, t.its useful properties are destroyed.