Treatment of sinusitis in children has its own characteristics!
May 15, 2018
Sinusitis - an inflammatory disease of the mucous membrane of the maxillary( maxillary) sinus of the nose. The disease develops because of bacteria and viruses, that is, it has an infectious nature.
To date, inflammation of the nasal mucosa is one of the most frequent ENT diseases. Surely many parents asked themselves: "A child has sinusitis - what to do?".The main thing - do not panic and go to the otorhinolaryngologist. Timely access to a doctor is the most important factor in avoiding formidable complications and chronic inflammation.
What are the causes of the disease in children?
The main cause of sinusitis in children is a long running cold. Especially often the disease develops in the autumn-winter period, due to the increased incidence of colds and a decrease in immunity.
It should be remembered that the immunity of children has not reached its final development, therefore parents should always be ready for the appearance of a cold.
Purulent discharge appears about a week later in the course of the common cold. This is a reliable sign of the development of inflammation of the paranasal sinuses. Purulent appearance in children is a fairly common phenomenon, since the systems of local immunity of children are not as developed as in adults, because of which the pathogenic microflora develops much more intensively.
Of course, not every runny nose grows into sinusitis, so it can be prevented if you carry out timely prevention. But even preventive measures can not always help children avoid this disease, and then parents have to face a purulent disease.
Of course, sinusitis does not belong to a particularly dangerous disease, but still it should not be underestimated. It requires timely treatment and compliance with a special regime. This is aimed at eliminating the bacterial or virus multiplying in the nasal sinuses, as well as strengthening the children's immunity. Common causes of the disease in children:
- Long-running runny nose;
- Infectious diseases of the upper respiratory tract;
- Allergic rhinitis;
- Impaired immune system;
- Diseases of the teeth and oral cavity;
- Edema of the nasal mucosa.
The development of the disease is associated with the multiplication of pathogenic microflora in the sinuses of the nose and, as a consequence, with damage to the nasal mucosa. Bilateral sinusitis in a child develops for the same reasons, only in this case both sinuses are affected. The disease proceeds like a one-sided disease.
Symptoms of the disease
For this disease, there are certain symptoms that parents should immediately pay close attention to:
- Respiratory difficulty through the nose;
- Nasal congestion;
- Symptoms of intoxication( fever, weakness and weakness) in acute maxillary sinusitis;
- Feeling of tension in the area of the affected sinus;
- Local pain in the area of the maxillary sinus( in some cases, pain can be felt in neighboring areas)
Sinusitis in young children is more difficult to diagnose, so do not postpone going to the doctor for later. If you have these symptoms, you should not do self-medication, but it is better to call a pediatrician who will prescribe an adequate treatment, preventing the transition of the maxillary sinusitis to a chronic form. Absence of treatment is the main cause of complications, which in the future will cause deterioration of the child's health.
Methods of treatment and therapy
The main tactic in the treatment of sinusitis is the elimination of the arterial edema of the nasal mucosa. In addition, it is important to restore the lumen between the nasal cavity and sinus.
Undoubtedly, the treatment of the cause of inflammation of the mucosa is also mandatory - the main disease( rhinitis, dental disease, curvature of the nasal septum, adenoids, etc.).After consultation, the doctor will suggest the optimal tactics for treating sinusitis in children, which will include:
- Local treatment with vasoconstrictive drops, ointments;
- Various medications;
- Vitamins and drugs designed to stimulate the work of immunity;
- Physiotherapy. Inhalations in children are very effective, therefore, in no case should not be neglected;
- In extreme cases, resort to surgical treatment.
Treatment of sinusitis in children should be done in a timely manner and under the supervision of the attending physician. You can not avoid prescribed procedures and medications. Do not absolutely rely on traditional medicine, ignoring medical prescriptions. Observing all these tips to cure this ailment will not be a problem and you will certainly avoid the appearance of various complications.