Adenoids: treatment of the disease
May 15, 2018
Adenoids are one of the most common problems of ENT organs, representing an increase in pharyngeal tonsils.
This pathology has a property to manifest in early childhood( from 3 to 7 years), being a consequence of the reaction of the immune system of the immature organism to external stimuli. Infectious diseases( scarlet fever, measles, pertussis, influenza), as well as respiratory tract infections can cause the growth. The latter can be the result of hypothermia, nervous overload, a wrong lifestyle and an unbalanced diet in children.
Signs of vegetation of the amygdala may include shortness of breath through the nose, constant dry cough, snoring and snuffling at night, and then in the daytime;the patient may complain of a gradual decrease in hearing. These symptoms can manifest themselves all together or have an individual character. Children can be painful, constantly experiencing problems with rhinitis, bronchitis, otitis and asthma. Adenoids can be accompanied by purulent discharge from the nose.
Methods of pathology diagnosis are numerous, each of which has its advantages, features and disadvantages:
- examination of the nasopharynx finger tests;
- carrying out roentgenography of the nasopharynx;
- computed tomography;
- endoscopic method( which is considered by ENT doctors the best way to diagnose this pathology).
Treatment of adenoids
Degree of neglect of the problem is determined by the severity of symptoms, a decrease in the quality of life of the patient, and most importantly - the size of the growth of the tonsils. Thus, there are three degrees of growth of the amygdala. The first characteristic is its increase, closing one third of the opener( the height of the nasal passages).
For the second degree, adenoids formed cover two-thirds of the opener. The third stage is characterized by a complete overlapping of the height of the nasal passages. To each of these stages should apply their own approaches to the treatment of pathology.
Treatment of adenoids is based on the use of a number of methods and procedures, as well as the conduct of surgical intervention.
Conservative treatment of adenoids is used in the early stages of the disease. Having established the diagnosis, the doctor should prescribe an individual course of therapy aimed at reducing the inflammatory processes of the affected lymphoid tissue.
Treatment of adenoids of the 2nd degree can be effective without surgery. For this, laser therapy, ozone therapy, homeopathic remedies, nasopharyngeal washes are used;the child is simultaneously immunomodulated using anti-inflammatory drugs.
Treatment of adenoids 3 degree of treatment is shown exclusively in an operative way. Such an operation( adenotomy) is not the most difficult, but requires the participation of a qualified specialist. The problem is added by the age of the patient for whom surgery is potentially a serious psychological blow. This imposes a responsibility on parents regarding the prevention of advanced stages of the disease.
The basic methods of conservative treatment of adenoids
Practitioners call treatment of adenoids by laser the optimal solution of conservative therapy. The course of therapy consists of daily procedures for two weeks. To fix the effect, it is necessary to undergo a second treatment after 15-30 days. Moreover, during the year it is advisable to undergo two more courses of therapy.
If to treat the prescribed treatment responsibly, 75% of what treatment will help is provided. The effect of the laser on the lymphoid tissue helps to relieve inflammation, disinfect and stimulates the tonsil to acquire normal physiological dimensions.
Treatment of adenoids by homeopathy should occur only under the instruction of an experienced doctor. The main goal of therapy is to prevent the growth of tissue, to remove inflammation and to eliminate the focus of infection. For these purposes, a variety of homeopathic remedies and methods can be selected.
In the issue of homeopathy treatment, it is worthwhile to listen to the advice of the attending physician who will select an individual recovery course.
Folk ways of treating the disease
The practice of combating the growth of the tonsils has been familiar for a long time. Basically, folk remedies against this unpleasant ailment are based on herbal treatment. On the one hand, non-surgical treatment of adenoids will allow the child not to feel fear. But just do not neglect the control of an experienced ENT for the effectiveness of folk therapy.
Among the old tools, you can recommend thuja oil for adenoids. This natural medicine is worth burying in each nostril thrice a day for two drops for 30-40 days. The course of treatment can be adjusted as follows: drip oil two weeks, and after a two-week break. Use of treatment in this case is necessary before the onset of relief.
The second good tool is the treatment of adenoids with celandine, which in itself is toxic. It is necessary to crush the herb of celandine, to get two tablespoons. Pour the grass with a glass of boiling water and cook for 20 minutes;after defending the decoction drain. Melt the pork fat for half a cup and mix with the resulting broth. The medicine must be cooled and kept in the refrigerator.
For treatment, use soaked in the medicine cotton swabs. Keep them in the nose until seven minutes three times a day. This therapy will reduce the proliferation of adenoids and strengthen the body's immunity. Approximate course of celandine therapy is 10 days.