Using sinus-lifting during implantation of teeth: what is it, what are the reviews about the procedure
May 14, 2018
In the case of a shortage of bone material, the use of a sinus lift for the implantation of teeth is very effective. It should be noted that the operation is performed exclusively on the upper jaw, since for the bone extension in the area of the lower jaw, completely different methods are used. This kind of intervention is very complicated, and therefore the doctor must have high professionalism.
The essence of the procedure
Sinus-lifting is a surgical intervention on the upper jaw, the purpose of which is to increase bone mass in the event that it is not enough for implantation of teeth.
The essence of the procedure is as follows: a small diameter puncture is made in the gums and bone through which the specialist pushes the bottom of the sinus, and the space that has been freed is filled with an artificial bone. The operation can be open, closed and balloon.
This kind of operation is very complex and takes place in four stages:
- In the gums and bones, a slot is made in such a way that the bone slightly exfoliates.
- The bottom of the maxillary sinus rises.
- An artificial bone is inserted into the space received.
- The doctor returns part of the detached bone to the site and puts the seams.
This type of operation has the same steps as the open one, but it is slightly easier due to the fact that the patient has more bone material.
The most important advantage of such an operation is that the implantation of teeth can be carried out immediately.
The balloon method of sinus lift is similar to closed, the main difference is that the approach is more lightweight - a catheter with a balloon is placed under the mucous membrane, which is filled with a special liquid.
Thus, the mucosa is carefully peeled off, and a bone substitute is introduced into the received space. After that, the implantation of the teeth.
Indications and contra-indications for sinus-lifting
The indications for sinus-lifting are:
- the presence of bone tissue, the size of which should correspond to a specific type of procedure;
- in the field of manipulation there are no pathologies;
- there are no complications that may arise during the operation.
If the patient has at least one of the following diseases or anatomical features, the operation may be refused.
- presence in the maxillary sinuses of the septum;
- is a common cold;
The procedure can be denied if there were previously unsuspected surgical procedures in the sinuses area or the condition of the bone tissue.
Conscientious clinics will not do sinus lifting to patients who smoke, as the rehabilitation period will be very difficult. Therefore, before going to the procedure, it is better to know in detail what a sine-lifting is and in what cases it can be done, and in which it is not.
Consequences of the sine-lifting
After the sinus-lifting, the following complications are possible:
- is a common cold;
- chronic or acute sinusitis;
- mucosal damage;
- bleeding at the site of surgery.
It should be remembered that such complications are not mandatory. It all depends on what materials and tools are used for sinus-lifting, as well as on the experience of the doctor. Therefore, the positive outcome of the operation largely depends on the professionalism of the implantologist.
Before you go to the procedure of sinus lifting, it is worth reading the testimonials of people who have experienced it on themselves.