Irritable bowel syndrome. What is it?
Abdominal pain, excessive flatulence and unstable stools - with such problems regularly encountered about a billion people around the globe. Are you one of them? It is likely that you suffer from irritable bowel syndrome, which is very often the cause of such symptoms.
What is "irritable bowel syndrome"
When talking about irritable bowel syndrome, the most important thing is that the human intestine is too sensitive, and reacts excessively to all kinds of usual life situations - eating, communicating with the boss or a family quarrel.
Irritable bowel syndrome is very different from all other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, in particular, because it does not give any visible bowel defects that would cause such an unpleasant condition. The patient complains of the above symptoms, but the medical equipment can not detect any deformities.
It is possible that this is only a matter of time, and modern technology simply can not see them, but at the moment, irritable bowel syndrome is considered a disease that does not have a substrate.
What irritates the intestines with IBS
If to speak the language of physicians, then the causes of irritable bowel syndrome are psychosomatic. This means that the department of the nervous system, which is responsible for the management of the intestines, does not work correctly with IBS.As a rule, this happens if a person for a long time suppresses in himself numerous negative emotions. Due to the fact that nervous tension does not find an outlet, vegetative disorders develop. The same reason serves as a frequent neighborhood of irritable bowel syndrome and vegetative-vascular dystonia.
The gut becomes sensitive due to the influence of chronic stress, traumatic situations, and sometimes due to intestinal infection. The pain threshold of the intestine becomes much lower, and as a rule, irritation of the rectum occurs, which leads to all manifestations of the syndrome.
List of symptoms of the disease
The main symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome may be characteristic of other gastrointestinal diseases, so that a detailed examination with a doctor is necessary for an accurate diagnosis.
- Pain in the abdomen. It can be as small, slightly uncomfortable, and strong enough. But with IBS the stomach never hurts at night, if you sleep. In the waking state, you can experience abdominal pain at any time of the day.
- Flatulence. Towards evening it becomes stronger, especially after meal.
- Stool disorder. It can be constipation or diarrhea.
Treatment of pathology
Treatment of irritable bowel syndrome, in the first place, involves the maintenance of a healthy lifestyle. The first thing that you have to do is start to adhere to a special diet.
You will also need medicines to normalize the intestinal microflora that your doctor will prescribe. Since the disease is psychosomatic, it is likely that psychotherapy, training in methods of getting rid of stress, will be needed.