Why and how does purulent sinusitis develop and how dangerous is it?
Mar 12, 2018
Purulent maxillary sinusitis is an inflammation of the airway sinuses of the nose, in which microorganism pathogens enter the cavity of the maxillary sinuses, and this process is accompanied by the formation of pus.
This is the most dangerous type of sinusitis, which requires timely treatment - in the vast majority of cases, the appointment of a complex therapy involving the use of antimicrobial agents is required. In most cases, purulent sinusitis occurs due to colds and weak immunity.
Initially, the mucous membrane of the nose swells, because of this blocked anastomoses, connecting the sinus cavity and nasal passages. Further, the air exchange of the sinuses and their drainage is disrupted - in the maxillary sinus, stagnation of the contents forms, the infection of which leads to the formation of pus.
Purulent maxillary sinusitis, as a rule, occurs with an acute form of the disease. Initially, mucous and serous secretions emerge from the nose. If you get into the sinus cavity, filled with stagnant contents, infections, inflammation is activated, therefore, the discharge increases in quantity and becomes purulent.
So, they have a rather unpleasant smell and can contain blood veins, because in the maxillary sinuses a thick, unpleasantly smelling pus is formed. As a rule, due to intoxication affects the whole body and significantly worsens the work of the immune system.
If the patient does not make timely treatment, this disease can develop into acute purulent maxillary sinusitis, which is characterized by various complications and negative consequences for the human body. Therefore, do not decide for yourself - how to cure purulent maxillary sinitis, you need to seek help from a qualified doctor.
Symptoms of the disease
Symptoms of purulent sinusitis can be divided into local and general. Local symptoms include:
- mucous or purulent discharge from the nose;
- raspiruyuschy or aching pain in the nose, cheeks, a significant aggravation of pain during movement of the head, especially when trying to tilt it forward;
- impaired nasal breathing - often in patients there is a perverted reaction to smells, aversion or adherence to certain flavors;
- sensation of an unpleasant odor from the nose, visible to outsiders.
Common symptoms of the disease are:
- fever and other manifestations of general intoxication;
- general malaise, weakness, sleep disturbances, which arise as a result of nasal breathing and the appearance of signs of intoxication;
- weakness, loss of strength and low working capacity;
- effect on the condition of other organs and body systems.
Incorrect or untimely treatment of purulent maxillary sinusitis can lead to permanent relapses. Chronic purulent maxillary sinusitis can cause pain in surrounding tissues, and often leads to dangerous intracranial complications. For chronic forms of the disease is characterized by inflammation of the mucosa and polyposis change. To confirm this form of the disease, as a rule, X-rays and diagnostic punctures are performed.
If a patient develops bilateral purulent maxillary sinusitis, it is necessary to diagnose the disease in time - only after that it is possible to select the appropriate treatment with antibiotics( usually it is necessary to prescribe two drugs from different groups of antibiotics that have bactericidal and bacteriostatic action) and other medications. If conservative treatment turns out to be ineffective, then it is recommended to make a puncture - a diagnostic and therapeutic puncture of the maxillary sinus.
Sinusitis in children
This disease in children is of a completely different nature. The most dangerous are the first 10 days of the disease, because at this stage there may be no symptoms and signs, with which you can identify sinusitis. After that the disease progresses and leads to the development of a more severe stage, to the onset of purulent sinusitis in children.
The child has headaches, stuffiness in the nasal sinuses and the temperature rises. You can not joke with purulent maxillary sinusitis, you need to seek help from an ENT doctor as soon as possible.
Otherwise, there may be irreparable complications: edema, suppuration, spread of infection to other paranasal sinuses. It should be remembered that the older the child becomes, the more likely it is that he develops complicated forms of inflammation of the paranasal sinuses - up to 5 years it is impossible to develop sinusitis( up to this age the maxillary sinus has not yet completed its development), up to 7 years of frontal and inflammation of other paranasal sinusesnose.
The treatment of purulent antritis is most often performed by pharmacotherapy, which the doctor can choose after consultation and examination of the patient. With severe pain or an abundant amount of purulent discharge, the nasal sinuses are washed.
Modern medicine has developed many different options for treating sinusitis: laser and conservative therapy, acupuncture, reception of dietary supplements. In more severe stages of illness, the patient must be hospitalized. Therefore, a person who has contracted a sinusitis first of all needs a consultation of a qualified doctor who will make the necessary appointments taking into account the development of the disease.
Traditional medicine recipes
In the treatment of this disease, traditional medicine provides invaluable help. Therefore, you can try many different ways to treat sinusitis at home.
- Honey, aloe and celandine. To prepare the medicine you need the juice of celandine and aloe, and natural honey. It is necessary to take all these components in equal amounts and mix thoroughly. After that, it is necessary to drip 5 drops daily in each nostril 3 times a day. The course of treatment is two weeks, after which the sinusitis disappears for a fairly long time.
- Treatment with cyclamen. The root of cyclamen is an excellent remedy for sinusitis. It should be grated and mixed with furatsilinom in proportions of 1: 4. Within a week it is necessary to drip 2-3 drops three times a day. It is the effects of this plant that are realized in the medicine Sinuforte.
- Beeswax. It is necessary to melt the wax, after it has cooled slightly it is necessary to form them pellets. It is recommended to apply scones to the sinuses for 20-25 minutes, covering them with a scarf.
The procedure is done the day before bedtime, the course of treatment is one month. Treating sinusitis with folk remedies is a very effective, inexpensive and safe means that will not bring negative consequences and allergic reactions to the body.