Nutrition and diet for type 1 diabetes
Diabetes is not an easy disease, which affects both adults and children. It is associated with impaired pancreatic function and is divided into two types. In type 1 diabetes, it is necessary to provide the body with insulin from the outside, since it is not produced by itself. In type 2 diabetes, the process of insulin resistance begins, that is, tissues become less sensitive to insulin.
Both types of this disease, which take place a little differently, cause the patient to adjust his lifestyle for him and, most importantly, nutrition. As a general rule, people suffering from this disease divide all the foods they consume into three categories:
- Products that are not restricted( vegetables, greens).
- Products whose consumption should be limited - for example, by counting HE( bread units).
- Foods that contain high amounts of sugar, and whose consumption must be monitored carefully.
In addition, carbohydrates are divided into "fast" and "slow.""Fast" carbohydrates lead to sharp jumps in blood sugar, because they are absorbed very quickly by the body. The assimilation of "slow" carbohydrates occurs in a few hours, which means that the rise of sugar in the blood takes place more systematically. Finally, the hotter food, the easier it is absorbed and vice versa. In practice, this means that ice cream, in principle, is less dangerous for a diabetic than a piece of cake.
Diet for types 1 and 2 of diabetes - what's the difference?
However, the diet for this disease 1 type and 2 types - this is not the same thing. This point of view has become popular relatively recently, although it was previously thought that the menu for type 1 diabetes should be the same as for type 2 diabetes.
The most important difference is that a diet for type 1 diabetes is designed to help the patient maintain a normal weight. In this type of diabetes, the metabolism in the body is accelerated, which means that the patient is inclined to lose weight. In type 2 diabetes, the problem is overweight, and nutrition should be balanced so that there is not a sudden increase in sugar levels, and your insulin levels in the blood are enough.
So how to defeat type 1 diabetes? The secret lies in insulin therapy or in compensation. In the rest, from the point of view of restrictions on the consumption of certain products, type 1 diabetes mellitus( food can be less strict) is transferred more easily, especially for children - after all, the ban on sweets and cake for sweeties is death! This, of course, does not mean that a diet with type 1 diabetes is not present as such.
Two important rules should be observed:
- Power should be rational. This means that the nutrients that enter the body should be distributed approximately as follows: 50% carbohydrates, 20% protein and 30% fat. In this case, it is necessary that proteins arrive in the body regularly, because this is an important building material. In particular, this rule applies to children.
- Nutrition of the patient should be evaluated in terms of the quantity and quality of digestible carbohydrates. As it was said above, this can be done by counting bread units. The instruction how correctly to count ХЕ, it is possible to find on the Internet. Why are these calculations so important? Because insulin therapy is important to correlate with the amount of carbohydrates consumed.
That is, in fact, in type 1 diabetes, human nutrition( if there are no problems with excess weight) should not differ from that of a healthy person in terms of balance and diversity, we must only competently differentiate products containing carbohydrates and take into account their glycemic index in insulin therapy.