Botox and Disport
May 01, 2018
What are these preparations of
Botox and disport - the trade name of preparations based on botulinum toxin A. Botulinum toxin type A is a toxin of botulism, a special purified preparation of protein origin. Botulinum toxin type A
is produced by the pathogenic
microorganism and is essentially the world's strongest poison, but in micro doses it has a pronounced therapeutic effect. There are no significant differences between boktos and disport. The difference is in the producing countries and different dosage criteria. In addition, the disport is more convenient for transportation - it should be stored at a temperature of +3 ° C to +8 ° C, whereas Botox - only at a temperature of -5 ° C.Action toxins
Botulinum toxin is injected under the skin, into the muscle fibers. This manipulation leads to the fact that the nerve endings are blocked, the impulses of the brain do not reach the muscles, and they cease to contract. This property of botulinum toxin for more than 20 years is used to treat pathological conditions accompanied by muscle spasms. These diseases include rapid blinking and spasms of the eyelids( blepharospasm), diseases with impaired facial nerve function, strabismus, involuntary contraction of the neck muscles, leading to spasm of these muscles, spastic diseases of the legs. Also, botulinum toxin is used to combat increased sweating - it blocks the transmission of nerve impulses to the sweat glands, and the problem of sweating disappears.
Applying botulotochin in neurology, doctors noticed a side effect - facial wrinkles were smoothed at the injection site.
In the early 90's, this tool began to be used in cosmetology. Using botulinum toxin, it is possible to significantly reduce wrinkles such as "crow's feet" around the eyes, folds over the bridge of the nose( "wrinkles of anger"), horizontal wrinkles on the forehead caused by excessive facial activity. With the help of botulinum toxin, you can also raise your eyebrows.
The botulinum toxin preparation acts as follows. Introduced into the muscle, the drug helps to relax the muscle fibers. Muscles cease to contract, the skin does not gather in the folds, its elasticity is restored. In general, the effect of botulinum toxin is double: first, it smooths the skin folds, and secondly, accustoms the client to control the
with his facial expression, his harmful habit of frowning and squinting disappears. Thus, the effect of injections of the drug is increased.
After injections of botulinum toxin, the skin looks rested and refreshed. As a rule, after the procedure, there are no side effects, such as severe swelling or redness.
The cost of the Botox injection procedure is relatively affordable. Now they can afford not only movie stars and pop singers, but also ordinary people of middle age and middle income.
preparations Botulinum toxin in properly calculated doses recommended by a specialist does not cause harm - the safety of the drug has been repeatedly tested. It does not lead to poisoning and toxic reactions. As a rule, after administration, the remedy remains only in the treated muscle and gradually disappears without decaying and spreading throughout the body. There is no muscle atrophy, because their blood supply remains the same. Restoration of the function of contractile fibers occurs due to the formation of new nerve endings.
The mimicry after injections remains absolutely natural - the drug is injected only into the muscles located in the forehead, nose bridge, back of the nose, the outer corners of the eyes and are not related to the movements of the eyelids. In order to remove deep nasolabial folds, botulinum toxin is used less often, since speech may be disturbed. Therefore, to correct the nasolabial area, botulinum toxin is used only by experienced doctors who feel confident when working with this drug.
Complications from botulinum toxin injections occur if the drug has been injected inaccurately or excessively - such errors cause a more extensive blockade of the muscles than planned. However, within 3-4 months the effect of the drug will decrease, and these complications will disappear. In this sense, injections of botulinum toxin are much better than surgery, the consequences of which are irreversible.
Incorrect use of the drug is dangerous, so you should trust only professionals. To introduce botulinum toxin should not just a plastic surgeon, but a doctor who has received special training, who has a certificate from the company,
distributing the drug. When choosing a clinic, it is not superfluous to get acquainted with her license.
Botulinum toxin can be used in 18, and in 80 years. But this does not mean that this drug should be administered to everyone. Like any potent agents, botulinum toxin has certain contraindications.
If the girl as a result of excessive facial expression formed a lot of wrinkles, she may be recommended botulinum toxin as early as 20 years. And if she and 25 skin smooth, like a baby, you should also consider one property of the drug. This applies to people aged: botulinum toxin relieves mimic
wrinkles, but it can not remove excess skin. Therefore, at the age of 60 years and older, rejuvenation should begin with surgical lifting, removing excess skin without affecting mimic muscles.
Contraindications to procedure:
Hypersensitivity to drug components;
inflammation at the injection site;
exacerbation of a chronic disease;Myasthenia gravis( rare neurologic disease);
treatment with antibiotics - kanamycin, lincomycin, erythromycin, tetracycline, polymyxins;
During the procedure, which lasts 30-40 minutes, the patient occupies a sitting position. The technology of rejuvenation is the following.
First, the skin is treated with an antiseptic solution. An anesthetic cream is then applied. On top of the skin impose an occlusive dressing, so that the cream is absorbed better, a certain amount of time is needed. Then, a special marker on the skin is applied to the points in which the injections will be made. After that, a very fine needle is injected with a solution of botulinum-sine, several injections are performed. Finally, the skin is treated with an antiseptic solution, and cold gel packs are applied to the injection area - this prevents the development of bruises and bruises.
After the procedure
Usually immediately after the procedure, there are no visible visible changes on the face, and therefore, after injections, you can immediately return to normal activities.
However, within a few days after the procedure are possible:
preservation of small hematomas( hemorrhages).They can be adjusted by make-up;
tenderness at the injection site;
swelling in the eyelid and nose;
In rare cases, after the procedure, eyelids can be omitted. You can get rid of this defect with proper treatment. After injections for 4 hours, it is recommended to maintain the vertical position of the body and do not massage the injection points of the toxin.
Within 2 weeks after the procedure it is forbidden: to drink alcohol, go to the sauna, perform procedures that increase blood circulation in muscles - myostimulation, massages, microcurrent effect.
The effect of wrinkle smoothing usually occurs 2-3 days after the injection and reaches a maximum after 14-15 days. Duration of cosmetic effect can be different: from 3 to 6-9 months, occasionally - up to 12 months. Then the folds of the skin gradually come to the state in which they were before the procedure. After this, a repeat procedure is possible.
Currently, in the professional cosmetic market, masks and creams have appeared that prolong the effect of injections of botulinum toxin. Such drugs are advisable to use when the effect of the injection ends, and also to increase the interval between injection rates.