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Macrame knots for beginners: rep, square, flat knot and patterns

  • Macrame knots for beginners: rep, square, flat knot and patterns

    Macrame knots for beginners: flat, square, reps

    Having prepared all the materials necessary for work, a comfortable surface for work, the next stage of mastering the technique of weaving becomes the basic macrame knots for beginners. Having in the baggage of knowledge and skills at least a few of them, you can start working on the first products.

    Thread fastening

    There are two types of threads: working and basic. Work threads are attached to the warp thread in two different ways:

    1. The working thread is folded in half and placed on the main from above, then bends through it. Thread ends are held in a loop and tightened.
    2. The double-folded working thread is put underneath the main thread, the loop is bent, and the ends are also pulled into it.

    Flat node

    The first macrame nodes, the circuits of which we study, are flat. And above all a single flat knot.

    For its weaving we attach according to one of the methods described above two bunched strands. In this case, the last threads will become workers, and the middle threads will become knots. They are consumed in the process several times less than workers, so they should be shorter initially.

    A flat node can be left and right.

    The left flat knot is woven like this: take the left hand thread with the left hand and bend it to the right over the knotted thread. Next, take the right working thread, put it on top of the left, then start it under the knotted thread and stretch it into the left loop. We tighten it.

    Repeating the weaving of the knot, we note that they begin to sibilate. Do not straighten them, on the contrary, by turning the work on 180˚, we get a twisted chain.

    The right-hand flat node is woven the same way as the left one, but exactly the opposite. The weave starts from right to left, and most manipulations will be done left. Just repeating the nodes, we obtain a chain similar to the left-hand one, but the turns of which are directed right to the left.

    Double flat knot

    The double flat knot macrame is obtained by alternating the weave of the right and left flat knots.

    We fix on the basis of twin threads, weave the left knot, and right after it - right. This is the first double node. Note that it should have a "crossbar", and if the right node was first, it will be on the right, and if it's left, then, respectively, on the left. The new node should begin with the thread that comes out from under this crossbar. Taking this into account, weave a few more of these knots, densely laying the knots. Get an even cord.

    If you need to count the number of nodes, then count the bars: you need to find the first one, for example, it's on the right, and then count all the next ones.

    By the way, this node is also called the "square node macrame".And it can be gossiped from absolutely any number of threads. In the text of the schemes, their distribution is usually indicated. However, the number of working threads on both sides should be equal. If thin threads are used, the number of working cords should be increased to obtain a more beautiful embossed cord.

    Reps node

    The next node is one of the most popular in macram. It is called reps or ribbed. From the direction in which the main threads go, the nodes will be vertical, horizontal or diagonal. A number of reps nodes are called brides, regardless of how they are located.

    The knotting technique can be seen on the picture:

    Let's try to connect the horizontal brid. For this, on the basis of fixing three pairs of threads - six ends. The main thing we have at work is only one extreme thread, yet the rest will be working, which we will tie one by one based on. We take the first thread( No. 2) and twist the main thread two times, weaving the rep macrome in the figure above. As well as the plait and the remaining threads. When the series is finished, we get a horizontal motor.

    If the nodes are directed diagonally, then the breed will eventually be diagonal. It is used for weaving patterns with rhombuses.

    Having prepared all the materials necessary for work, a convenient surface for work, the next stage of mastering the technique of weaving becomes the basic macrame knots for beginners. Having in the baggage of knowledge and skills at least a few of them, you can start working on the first products.

    Fastening threads

    There are two types of threads: working and basic. Work threads are attached to the warp thread in two different ways:

    1. The working thread is bent twice and placed on the main one from above, then bends through it. Thread ends are held in a loop and tightened.
    2. The double-folded working thread is put underneath the main thread, the loop is bent, and the ends are also pulled into it.

    Flat node

    The first macrame nodes, the circuits of which we study, are flat. And above all a single flat knot.

    For its weaving we attach according to one of the methods described above two bunched strands. In this case, the last threads will become workers, and the middle threads will become knots. They are consumed in the process several times less than workers, so they should be shorter initially.

    A flat node can be left and right.

    The left flat knot is woven as follows: with the left hand, take the left working thread and bend it to the right over the knotted thread. Next, take the right working thread, put it on top of the left, then start it under the knotted thread and stretch it into the left loop. We tighten it.

    Repeating the knotting, note that they begin to sib. Do not straighten them, on the contrary, by turning the work on 180˚, we get a twisted chain.

    The right flat knot is woven the same way as the left one, but exactly the opposite. The weave starts from right to left, and most of the manipulations will be done left. Just repeating the nodes, we obtain a chain similar to the left-hand one, but the turns of which are directed right to the left.

    Double flat knot

    The double flat knot macrame is obtained by alternating the weave of the right and left flat knots.

    We fix on the basis of twin threads, weave the left knot, and right after it - right. This is the first double node. Note that it should have a "crossbar", and if the right node was first, it will be on the right, and if it's left, then, respectively, on the left. The new node should begin with the thread that comes out from under this crossbar. Taking this into account, weave a few more of these knots, densely laying the knots. Get an even cord.

    If you need to count the number of nodes, then count the bars: you need to find the first one, for example, it's on the right, and then count all the following front ones.

    By the way, this node is also called the "square node macrame".And it can be gossiped from absolutely any number of threads. In the text of the schemes, their distribution is usually indicated. However, the number of working threads on both sides should be equal. If thin threads are used, the number of working cords should be increased to obtain a more beautiful embossed cord.

    Reps node

    The next node is one of the most popular in macram. It is called reps or ribbed. From the direction in which the main threads go, the nodes will be vertical, horizontal or diagonal. A number of reps nodes are called brides, regardless of how they are located.

    The knotting technique can be seen on the picture:

    Let's try to connect the horizontal brid. For this, on the basis of fixing three pairs of threads - six ends. The main thing we have at work is only one extreme thread, yet the rest will be working, which we will tie one by one based on. We take the first thread( No. 2) and twist the main thread two times, weaving the rep macrome in the figure above. As well as the plait and the remaining threads. When the series is finished, we get a horizontal motor.

    If the nodes are directed diagonally, then the breed will eventually be diagonal. It is used for weaving patterns with rhombuses.