Structure of responses
Mar 11, 2018
1) the functional state of the higher parts of the central nervous system, that is, the ratio of the processes of excitation and inhibition in the cerebral cortex;
2) the functional state of the receptor field, which undergoes a massage effect;
3) in case of illness - from its clinical manifestations;
4) The nature of the massage and the techniques used.
Therefore, the effectiveness of any type of massage depends on the knowledge of the massage the functional state of the massaged. That is why it is advisable to contact the masseur not only with the patient himself, but also, preferably, with the attending physician. In addition, the same massage techniques can, depending on the nature of their exercise, affect the nervous system in directly opposite directions.
The nature of the massage is mainly determined by three components: strength, tempo and duration.
The power of massage is the force of pressure that the hands of the massage therapist have on the body of the massage. It can be great( deep massage), medium and small( superficial massage).Surface massage improves excitatory processes, a deeper massage with a gradual increase in the effect contributes to the development of inhibitory processes.
The pace of massage can be fast, medium and slow. A fast rate increases the excitability of the nervous system, the average and slow it reduces.
The longer the massage is performed, the more it affects the excitability of the nervous system.
Thus, by changing the technique of performing individual receptions or massages in general, it is possible to differently affect the functional state of the cerebral cortex, increasing or decreasing its excitability.
If you use only three gradations of the massage components( in fact, there are infinitely many of them), then the number of variants of individual reactions in one massaged is expressed by the product 3x3x3 = 27. This should always be remembered by the masseur, and right Leander Kochetel, saying: "The art of massage can be comparedwith the art of the sculptor, except that the masseur works with a living tissue "or" The art of a masseur is a gift. "The development of this gift depends on the very masseur, who, in addition to engineering, needs a thorough knowledge of anatomy and physiology.
In addition, the response of the patient depends on the techniques used by the masseur. With a relatively similar technical performance, some techniques( such as stroking, rubbing) reduce the excitability of the nervous system more, others( shock, vibrational), on the contrary, increase it. At the same time, one massage is seldom used in massage practice, "massage techniques like individual music tones never sound alone for a long time, but go one into another, merging into a chord."Different combinations of techniques used allow the masseur to individualize massage sessions( procedures) and increase in each specific case the effectiveness of the response of the massaged.