Lipoma of the kidney: the danger of its formation and prevention of disease progression
Kidney lipoma is a benign tumor of kidney adipose tissue that develops from the cells of the fatty capsule of the organ or cells of nearby tissues. As a rule, lipoma develops in women in middle age and reaches large sizes, provoking hematuria and severe pain.
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As well as other benign tumors with the passage of time, lipoma can be converted into an oncology. Therefore, surgical removal is required with nephrectomy or kidney resection.
Causes of the disease and mechanism of its formation
Modern medicine has not yet fully established the main reasons for the formation of the lipoma. But there are some risk factors that can be attributed to alcohol abuse, smoking, drug dependence, hereditary factors, radiation exposure, excess body weight.
It happens that the lipoma is formed when the patient is not affected by any of the above factors.
Lipomas usually have a nodular structure and inside are filled with fat cells of various diameters - from small to huge. Among ordinary fat cells, one can find special ones - rudimentary or cambial cells, which allow cells of another type to grow. Lipoma grows slowly and continuously, without causing discomfort. But with permanent trauma, lipoma can sometimes be transformed into a malignant tumor.
Symptoms of the disease
When the kidney's lipoma reaches a small size, its course is usually not accompanied by any symptoms. The pathology is diagnosed completely by accident, during a survey.
As the tumorous tumor grows, such signs as increased blood pressure, the appearance of blood in the urine. And in the male - the widening of the lumen of the veins of the spermatic cord. In addition, the patient complains of a slight aching pain in the lumbar region and abdomen.
When the lipoma is greatly expanded, it can be very easily groped when performing palpation. All manifestations of the disease are correlated with the squeezing of the kidney and organs that are located next to it, a growing tumor.
Diagnosis of the disease
Diagnosis of kidney lipoma in the manifestation of characteristic features is not difficult. It is based on the establishment of clinical signs of the disease, the acquisition of X-ray and laboratory data, CT and ultrasound.
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Ultrasound examination plays an important role in the diagnostic process. When taking into account the frequent asymptomatic course of the disease in most cases, the lipoma is diagnosed precisely during the prophylactic ultrasound. More precisely to establish the size of the tumor, its structure, the location of the location helps computed tomography.
The process of treating the disease
Due to the fact that the kidney lipoma has a high risk of transformation into a tumor of a malignant nature. Then, when it is detected, doctors tend to perform a surgical operation.
The degree of organ damage and the extent of the lesion are determined, and then the tumor itself is removed or the entire damaged kidney is removed.
In the early stages of the formation of the lipoma is not shown the conduct of surgery and special therapy in this situation will not be required. In this case, the patient must constantly visit the doctor, undergo the appropriate examination, clearly follow his instructions and once every few months undergo a dynamic observation through ultrasound and computed tomography.
Depending on the disease pattern, the doctor may prescribe medications that can slow the growth of the tumor. It is important not to miss the disease and prevent its progression.Like the article? Share with friends and acquaintances: