Chronic nephritis of the kidneys, its features and differences
Chronic nephritis of the kidney is a disease that manifests itself due to incorrect or incomplete treatment of the acute form of jade. The pathology usually develops as a result of prolonged influence on the kidneys of foci of infection. At times, pathology is not preceded by an acute form in the past.
Chronic course of the disease will depend on the presence of infection in the human body, inadequate treatment of acute nephritis or adverse effects on the body environment. With chronic nephritis, the kidneys develop anatomical disorders that provoke the formation of cellular exudate in capsules. Also, there is a proliferation of damage to the kidney vessels, degenerative changes in the epithelium in the tubules. All these deviations over time cause the desolation of individual glomeruli and the wrinkling of the organ due to atrophy of certain zones of the kidney parenchyma.
How the disease is developing
Renal compensation. Usually this stage is characterized by the appearance of edema, hematuria, an increase in blood pressure indicators. Sometimes the symptoms are not pronounced and only albuminuria is manifested. The concentration of protein in the urine is greatly reduced, edema can decrease, and hypertension becomes stable.
The main signs are initial kidney failure and an increase in the blood of slag nitrogen. Usually the outcome of a chronic form of nephritis is fatal, and the duration of the disease is different and can vary from year to twenty years and more. Death can occur with heart failure, cerebral hemorrhage, secondary infection, and the like.
How the treatment of pathology
has been carried out For a long time, the use of a strengthening and non-irritating food is recommended for the diagnosis of kidney diseases.
When treating patients, it is important to prevent hypothermia, severe physical exertion, stress, taking drugs, irritating kidneys, and overeating. These measures are aimed at creating acceptable conditions for the functioning of the affected organ and for facilitating the work of the whole organism as a whole.
This is important! In the inflammatory exacerbation of pathology, the appearance of severe puffiness, weakness of the heart muscle, and with the development of uremic symptoms, the patient needs adherence to bed rest.
In the treatment of chronic nephrotic nephritis, a salt-free diet enriched with proteins is prescribed. When complications develop with streptococci and pneumococci, the doctor prescribes penicillin. The patient needs to stay in a dry and warm climate, taking vasodilator and cardiac medicines. When an infectious focus is detected, the patient needs to use physiotherapy methods in treatment.
This is important! With satisfactory operation of the organ, the patient is recommended to carry out an operative intervention. Elimination of the focus of infection can stop the toxic and infectious effects on the entire body, as well as the influence of the source of neuro-reflex irritation.
The patient is given the injection of glucose solution under the skin and ingestion in large quantities to resist uremic intoxication. When the signs of uremic acidosis develop, the patient is given alkalis the use of alkaline-salt solutions.
Bleeding has a good effect on the development of vascular and hypertonic symptoms. Against certain manifestations of uremia, medications that affect the work of the centers in the brain are used.
Implementation of prevention measures
Prevention measures are primarily aimed at the prevention of acute nephritis, timely diagnostics and timely appropriate treatment.
The course of the disease can be alleviated through the normalization of nutrition and the treatment of infectious foci. Thus, the process of onset of kidney failure will slow down.Like the article? Share with friends and acquaintances: