Diet in hydronephrosis of the kidneys - its organization and the need for compliance
Problems with kidney work, specifically hydronephrosis, require special sparing regimen, so the patient is prescribed a diet for hydronephrosis of the kidney.
The development of the disease affects a large number of factors. The most common cause of urinary diversion is the abnormal structure of the urinary tract, urolithiasis, or trauma affecting the urinary tract.
Hydronephrosis is primary or secondary. The primary form, in another way congenital, is caused by a disturbance in the structure of the kidney parenchyma. The secondary form develops against the background of urolithiasis due to the formation of tumor neoplasm in the kidney, ureter and in the renal pelvis.
If not performed the required treatment, hydronephrosis can provoke the development of more serious complications, in particular - causes kidney failure and in especially severe cases provokes a lethal outcome due to the accumulation in the human body of metabolic products that were not withdrawn with urine.
Organization of a hydronephrosis diet
Hydronephrosis kidney disease prescribes to consume large amounts of fresh fruits and vegetables, in addition to drinking plenty of fluids without gases. It is also very important that the patient's diet be full, about 3000 kcal per day. Obligatory requirement in the defeat of the kidneys is the restriction of the use of table salt.
Foods that are included in the diet should provide the body with all the required amino acids, because it is not able to independently synthesize some of them. The realization of this condition is due to the potato-egg diet, because the composition of both products includes enough amino acids. Speaking specifically about potatoes, this product can reduce the concentration of cholesterol in the blood and this has scientific evidence.
This is important! Potato-egg diet in the development of hydronephrosis is to leave a diet of thirty grams of cooked eggs and three hundred grams of cooked potatoes. Salt is prohibited, and the duration of the diet is determined by the attending physician.
Dietary nutrition must necessarily be discussed by a doctor, because it helps to draw up a suitable nutrition plan in accordance with the problems accompanying the disease. Only a highly qualified evaluation of the attending physician makes it possible to use suitable products in the diet and make appropriate adjustments to it.
The main rule of dietary nutrition in hydronephrosis is the consumption of a large number of fruits and vegetables. Recommended volume - not less than six hundred grams per day.
Salt consumption is a controversial issue in renal nutrition. Previously, doctors recommended that patients completely stop using sodium. Currently, on the recommendation of a specialist, salt intake can be limited to several grams per day.
Basic rules for feeding
A specific feature of the diet for hydronephrosis is the intake of a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables. Patients are encouraged to drink plenty of fluids - about two liters of non-carbonated fluid per day. It is very important that the nutrition in hydronephrosis of the kidney is full, since a constant inflow of calories is required.
A diet condition is mandatory - this is a restriction on the use of table salt, and the products included in the diet should include the essential amino acids that come with food, but not synthesized in the human body. In this regard, the organization of the potato-egg diet is useful.
The potato is very caloric, its composition includes many amino acids, the same can be said about eggs. These products contain regulators responsible for the metabolism of fats and cholesterol. It is the potato that can lower the cholesterol content in the blood.
This is important! Potatoes do not burden the activity of the gastrointestinal tract, but on the contrary, due to the pectin contained in it, the intestinal function is normalized. Potatoes are also enriched with potassium and vitamin C, which is important, because this vegetable almost never provokes an allergic reaction.
The risk of developing hydronephrosis
The main danger of developing hydronephrosis is an increased risk of kidney failure. In this state, the kidney ceases to function normally and the filtration of blood worsens, in connection with which. It accumulates metabolic products.
Also with the passage of time, the diagnosis of hydronephrosis is supplemented with uremia, but the most dangerous thing is that a prolonged absence of treatment can lead to death due to poisoning.
Another concomitant pathology is the formation of calculi in the kidneys or defeat pyelonephritis, which aggravates the course of hydronephrosis. There is a risk of sudden rupture of the pelvis or calyx. In this case, urine enters the space behind the peritoneum, provoking the development of urogenital sepsis.Like the article? Share with friends and acquaintances: