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Secretory function of the kidneys, its components and realization within the kidneys

  • Secretory function of the kidneys, its components and realization within the kidneys

    Secretory function of the kidneys is the final stage of metabolic processes in the body, thanks to which the normal composition of the medium is maintained. This is how the removal of compounds that are not able to subsequently be metabolized, foreign compounds and a surplus of other components is performed.

    Blood purification process

    Approximately one hundred liters of blood passes through the kidneys daily. Kidneys filter this blood and detoxify it, placing it in urine. Filtering is done by nephrons - these are cells. Which are inside the kidneys. In each of the nephrons, the smallest glomerular vessel is combined with the tubule, which is a collection of urine.

    This is important! In the nephron, the process of chemical exchange begins, therefore harmful and toxic substances are released from the body. Initially, the primary urine is formed - a mixture of decay products, containing components that are still necessary for the organism.

    Realization of secretion in renal tubules

    Filtration is performed due to arterial pressure, and subsequent processes require additional energy costs for the purpose of active blood supply to the renal tubules. There, from the primary urine, electrolytes are released that fall back into the bloodstream. The kidneys only remove the amount of electrolytes that the body needs to maintain balance in the body.

    For the human body, the most important is the acid-base balance, and the kidneys help regulate it. Depending on the side, the balance of the buds shifts the secretion of bases or acids. The displacement should remain insignificant, and otherwise the proteins are clotted.

    On the rate of blood flow into the tubules depends on the possibility of their performance of their work. If the rate of transfer of substances is too low, then the functionality of the nephron decreases, so problems arise in the processes of excretion of urine by blood purification.

    This is important! To establish the secretory function of the kidneys, the method of diagnosing the maximum secretion in the tubules is used. With a decrease in the indices, the proximal departments of the nephron are disrupted. In the distal section, the secretion of potassium, hydrogen, and ammonia is carried out. These substances are also needed to restore the water-salt and acid-base balance.

    Kidneys can remove from primary urine and return to the body sucrose and certain vitamins. Then the urine enters the bladder and the ureters. With the participation of the kidneys in the protein metabolism, if necessary, the filtered proteins again enter the blood, and the excess proteins, on the contrary, are excreted.

    secretion of secretion of active substances Buds participate in the production of the following hormones: calcitriol, erythroepin and renin, each of which is responsible for the functions of a particular system in the body.

    Erythropin is a hormone that can stimulate the activity of red blood cells in the human body. This is necessary for large blood loss or high physical exertion. In such a situation, the oxygen demand is increased, which is satisfied because of the activation of the production of red blood cells. In connection with the fact that it is the kidneys responsible for the volume of blood cells, then their pathology often manifests anemia.

    Calcitriol is a hormone that is the final decomposition products of active vitamin D. This process begins in the skin under the influence of sun rays, continues already in the liver, and then it penetrates into the kidneys for the purpose of final processing. Thanks to calcitriol, calcium from the intestine enters the bones and increases their strength.

    Renin is a hormone that is produced by cells near the glomeruli in order to increase blood pressure. Renin promotes vasoconstriction and the secretion of aldosterone, which retains salt and water. At normal pressure, renin production does not occur.

    It turns out that the kidneys are the most complex body system, taking part in a variety of processes, and all of the functions are related to each other.

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