Uncompensated glaucoma and how dangerous it is
Glaucoma is a chronic disease that is caused by increased intraocular pressure and optic nerve damage, resulting in poor visual acuity and discomfort. Elevated intraocular pressure is the pressure, the indices of which rise above 35 mm Hg. Art.and the amplitude of change per day is more than 10 mm Hg. Art. Uncompensated glaucoma can develop in absolutely any stage of prolonged glaucoma.
There are no obvious signs of this disease. For years, people can live and not suspect that they have this ailment. However, there are some signs of uncompensated glaucoma:
- Narrowing the field of view. Most often, this manifestation of the disease people write off for fatigue, lack of sleep or age, because it all happens not in a single moment, the field can be narrowed a year, two or even more.
- Sensation of tension in the eyes, rapid fatigue, discomfort.
- Reduces visual acuity.
- There is photophobia and lacrimation.
What is terrible uncompensated glaucoma?
When glaucoma occurs inside the eye, there is a disturbance in the circulation of the eye fluid, which is called watery moisture. It is because of this and there is an increase in intraocular pressure. This liquid itself is formed inside the eye and is collected in the anterior part, or rather between the cornea and the iris, and the back - between the iris and the lens.
Watery liquid leaves the eye in the bloodstream through a unique drainage system. It is the balance between the formation and outflow of this fluid that determines the intraocular pressure. In simple terms, intraocular pressure is the force with which the contents of the eyeball press against the walls of the eye.
Because of the appearance of uncompensated glaucoma in the eye, the process of fluid circulation is disrupted. It accumulates - and pressure builds up inside the eye, which in turn presses on the optic nerve. It is because of this that it collapses, causing anomalies in the eye: vision deteriorates, the field of visibility narrows. If you do not take any action in time, glaucoma can simply crush the optic nerve, which will lead to fatal blindness. It can happen as suddenly, and during the next attack of pain.
Modern medicine has not yet found a way to restore vision lost due to optic nerve dysfunction. Vision can simply disappear, and can - as a result of an acute attack.
Treatment of uncompensated glaucoma
Treatment can be medicated and take place gradually. In the process of treatment, the patient is prescribed a course of 20 FBS injections: 3 times a day, one ampoule is injected into the eye. FBS is a biogenic agent intended for the treatment of blepharitis, conjunctivitis and other eye diseases. Already by 7-9 injections, noticeable changes are noticeable, and intraocular pressure drops to 30-32 mm Hg. Art. By the twentieth injection, pain and increased intraocular pressure are lost.
Subscleral iridectomy consists of 2 operations, and all of them are aimed at eliminating the effects of the pupillary block. The technique of the operation is not so complicated: in the upper segment of the eye, the conjunctiva of the sclera is cut and separated to the limb. In the scleral part of the limb, an incision is made before the anterior chamber is opened. Iris falls independently or it is extracted with tweezers.
Synostrabicectomy is the most common type of intervention for uncompensated glaucoma. Such operations are simple in performance and are characterized by high efficiency. The essence is to create a new path of outflow from the anterior chamber of the eye into the subconjunctival space.