How kidney calicoectasia is diagnosed in a child, how to treat it
Mar 23, 2018
Calicoectasia of kidneys in a child is an expansion and extension of the renal calyces. The cause of the development of the disease may be such a pathology as an additional vessel inside the kidney. But mainly pathology is manifested due to impaired urinary retention from the kidney.
Calicoectasia is not a diagnosis, but only a manifestation of congenital properties of the kidney or a consequence of the urinary system damage - urolithiasis, pressure on the urinary canals, constriction of the ureter lumen, and the like. It turns out that the pathology is formed due to the manifestation of other diseases.
Calicoectasia is considered a deviation from the norm, and its development is explained by the presence of other urological problems that provoke the development of calicoectasia.
The causes of the development of the pathology of
The main reason for the formation of the described feature in the structure of the kidneys is an incorrect outflow of urine, its stagnation leading to an increase in pressure in the calyxes of the kidney and thereby causing their stretching.
It is important to remember that calicoectasia in the kidney is not a full-blown illness - it is only an external indicator of the presence of congenital or acquired features in the structure of the calyceal system of the kidney or the consequence of the development of some progressive diseases of the urinary system - urolithiasis, narrowing of the ureters or pressure on them. ..
In this case, the process of diagnosis should be based on the causes and circumstances that led to the discovery of pathology. Based on this information, a specialist can prescribe additional diagnostics and relieve the patient of accompanying health problems.
Diagnosis of pathology
The main diagnostic methods for calicoectasia should be attributed to:
- Blood tests.
- Ultrasound examination.
- Radiographic examination.
In the process of diagnosing a physician should take into account the patient's age group, his complaints prior to the examination, the presence of pain in the lumbar region, the violation of urinary outflow and changes in the color of urine. The patient must pass urine tests and kidney tests.
Treatment of pathology
It is important to note that when diagnosing calicoectasia in both kidneys, the specialist prescribes surgery, since medication in such a situation in rare cases can give positive results. In addition, pathology is often supplemented by urinary infection. Over time, pathogenic microorganisms produce more and more specific substances that lead to the rapid formation of crystals of amorphous phosphates. They arise in the human body in geometric progression, so in this case it is impossible to prevent surgical intervention. This operation makes it possible to remove obstacles that counteract the normal excretion of urine.
It is important to remember that in any situation, only the doctor can choose a method of treatment, because the therapy of this pathology is always strictly individual. Currently, the most frequent method of treatment is an endoscopic operation, which, in comparison with other methods of surgical intervention, brings the least harm to the human body. As this operation is performed, only three punctures in the abdominal wall are required. And then the surgeon, with the help of monitoring and some specific manipulations excludes all etiological factors of the disease. This operation lasts no more than one hour.
Expansion of the calyx can become dangerous due to the risk of stagnation in the kidney, the development of a pathogenic microflora that can provoke inflammation in the kidneys. If there are common viral infections or purulent foci, the pathogen can enter the kidney through the blood and cause various injuries.
There are some medical recommendations for patients with a diagnosis of renal calicectasia:
- Consume about three liters of fluid per day, drinking one to two glasses of water immediately after awakening.
- Reduce salt intake.
If the doctor succeeds in excluding serious causes of the pathology, the main rules of treatment are:
- Sleep for 8 - 9 hours.
- Varied food, consumption of vitamin complexes, refusal to comply with diets.
- Elimination of alcohol and smoking.
- Periodic exercise.
- Sanatorium treatment, physiotherapy.
- Water treatments and massage.
- Phytotherapy - the most effective remedy is a tincture of an extract of Eleutherococcus and ginseng.