Kinds, the basic signs and ways of treatment of a stomatitis at grudnichka
Stomatitis in infants is an extremely dangerous and painful condition. This disease is accompanied by changes in the color of the affected areas and the presence of swelling. Often observed bleeding. The most common are herpetic and aphthous stomatitis.
How does the attack come about?
Stomatitis in the infant, depending on the underlying cause that triggered its appearance, can be both infectious and relatively safe. According to modern doctors, infectious herpetic stomatitis is especially dangerous for children's health. Infection can penetrate into the fragile organism of the baby at any moment, even with a kiss from mom or dad.
Why do children suffer?
Herpetic stomatitis in an infant is often formed due to ingress of the first type of herpes virus into the body. Regarding the causes of the formation of a dangerous pathology, doctors do not yet have an unambiguous answer.
When should I alarm?
Symptoms of stomatitis in infants are quite specific. First of all, there are unpleasant or extremely painful sensations in the mouth. Gradually there is the appearance of specific and painful wounds.
Symptomatic acute form
When the disease progresses, the child has symptoms such as:
- A strong increase in body temperature( this symptom is a sure precursor to the formation of painful blisters).
- Tearfulness, capriciousness.
- The formation of bubbles( bursting, they are transformed into painful wounds, the diameter of which can reach five millimeters).
- Swelling of the gums( bleeding may occur in some cases).
- Acute pain in the mouth.
- Abundant flow of saliva.
- Appearance of bad smell from the mouth.
An acute form of the disease is characterized by a discoloration of the marginal part of the gum. Sometimes a rash appears on the red border of the lips and the areas adjacent to it.
Symptomatic of chronic form
When the chronic form develops, the following signs of stomatitis in infants are observed:
- Enlargement of lymph nodes.
- Lymph nodes soreness on palpation.
Dangerous symptoms of intoxication in this case are not noticeable or absent.
I urgently need a doctor!
Stomatitis in an infant is the case when urgent care is needed from a qualified specialist. Mom and dad should take care of calling a doctor if their child has the following symptoms:
- a dangerous temperature increase( the child starts fever);
- the baby loses the ability to swallow, refuses to drink;
- the child constantly cries and does not react to attempts to calm him;
- a painful condition is observed for 3 days;
- dehydration of the body.
To avoid risks, young parents should know what symptoms are in dehydration:
- dry, chapped lips;
- crying does not flow when crying;
- springing fontanel;
- urine of dark color;
- for eight hours there is no urination.
If the child is always asleep and looks weak and tired, you should also immediately ask for medical help.
Establish a diagnosis of
The doctor determines the diagnosis after examining the wound, localized in the mouth of the baby. Both forms of pathology have different defeats.
Laboratory tests for diagnosis are not performed, but additional testing may be useful. This is necessary in order to prescribe the correct treatment and exclude the possibility of other pathologies.
How to treat a baby?
Many alarmed parents can not help but wonder how to treat a stomatitis in a baby.
Treatment of the disease completely depends on provoking factors. Regardless of which stomatitis the child has struck, the goal of the therapy will be the reduction of inflammation, compliance with hygiene requirements and the use of high-quality medicines.
Cessation of the spread of herpetic stomatitis
In this case, the treatment of stomatitis in infants involves the arrest of a painful syndrome and the fight against pathological temperature. If the disease is too severe, the physician prescribes fluid infusion( intravenously), which is essential to prevent dehydration.
When a baby has a high temperature, which does not get lower for three days, it must be knocked down. Most often the doctor recommends the use of acetaminophen.
Reception of antibiotic drugs for the treatment of this pathology is prescribed only in exceptional cases. The attending doctor may prescribe an antiviral medication that promotes rapid recovery.
Coping the spread of aphthous stomatitis
Treatment of stomatitis in infants with the development of aphthous form is not required. The attending doctor intervenes only when the wound in the baby's mouth acquires a dangerously large size - more than ten millimeters.
If this happens, then the only correct solution is to prescribe the use of tetracycline ointment. This is considered an extreme measure, since taking this medication often has a negative impact on the color of the child's teeth.
How to treat stomatitis in infants if the disease is not dangerous? To help in this case comes the wisdom of the people.
So, the wounds in the mouth can be "calmed down" with the help of a used tea bag. Of course, tea should be of high quality.
Many parents are sure that stomatitis in breastfeeding is successfully treated with honey. This product, in fact, has a curative effect. But when lubricating the wounds, it is important to remember that honey can contain bacteria that cause the development of the disease.
It is important not to give your baby a sweet tea. To treat the mouth should be regular, and in between the procedures give a crumb of chamomile broth. The same broth you need to rinse the baby's mouth.
With timely and correct treatment the baby can recover already on the tenth day. To avoid recurrence, it is important to follow certain preventive measures.
So, before feeding the baby it is recommended to thoroughly wash the breast with warm water. Do not use any cosmetic products. If the baby is fed from a bottle, the same manipulations should be made with it.
Nipples and pacifiers should be sterile. For this they should be thoroughly boiled.
It is also necessary to ensure that non-sterile objects and toys do not enter the child's mouth. Kiss a child, even if you really want, should be extremely careful.it must always be remembered that in the saliva of an adult there are many pathogenic fungi.
Will save the baby from a dangerous disease and regular rubbing and rinsing of the mouth with a cotton swab with a decoction of chamomile.Like the article? Share with friends and acquaintances: