Complex treatment of brucellosis and its symptoms
Mar 19, 2018
The medical term "brucellosis" is well known to people living in rural areas. After all, this disease, as a rule, is transmitted to a person from large and small cattle and pigs.
It is easy to get infected with this disease, but its treatment is a rather long and difficult process, especially with the defeat of the musculoskeletal system.
Therefore, specific prevention of brucellosis is recommended at a high probability of infection, as it is much easier to carry out than treatment of an existing disease.
Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella. Mostly this bacterium affects animals, both wild and domestic.
Brucellosis in humans develops on contact with sick animals or with food. Very often the symptoms of this disease resemble the symptoms of influenza. Most often, brucellosis occurs in regions where the veterinary control system is weak.
Diagnosis and symptoms
Acute brucellosis is characterized by an incubation period of up to three weeks. Clinical symptoms of this form of illness are fever and fever.
Thus, the general state of health of the patient, as it is not strange, remains normal. Acute brucellosis, as a rule, does not threaten the life of the patient and even in the absence of treatment, it ends with complete recovery.
The chronic form of brucellosis is characterized by symptoms of general intoxication of the body. In addition, the symptoms of brucellosis can also include long-term low temperature, increased irritability, decreased efficiency, weakness and poor sleep, as well as impaired appetite.
Almost all patients are characterized by an increase in lymph nodes, liver and spleen. Besides, lesions of symptoms, genitourinary and nervous system are often revealed.
Brucellosis diagnosis, which is carried out in a timely and correct manner, is usually well treatable. It should be understood that laboratory confirmation of the disease is limited to the fact that the isolation of pathogens can only be carried out in specific laboratory conditions.
Therefore, the blood for brucellosis is taken from the prospective patients only if the necessary preventive measures are observed.
Microbiological diagnosis of brucellosis is carried out using the agglutination reaction.
With an acute-septic form of the disease, antibodies in the blood can be detected as early as the second week after infection, and with further flow, their titer gradually increases.
Allergic tests give positive results at the end of the first and during the second week. In chronic forms of the disease, the growth of antibody titer is very often not possible to detect.
It should be taken into account that carrying out an allergic test of Byrne can cause antibodies or build up their titer.
Brucellosis treatment method
Principles and methods of treatment always depend on the specific form of brucellosis. Drug therapy with the use of antibiotics can give a significant positive effect only in the acute form of brucellosis.
In the presence of a chronic form of the disease, the appointment of antibiotics plays a subsidiary role, and the main importance is given to therapy using a vaccine.
Acute brucellosis treatment is carried out in a timely and correct manner, as a rule, passes without further consequences for the patient.
In such a course of the disease, antibiotics are prescribed in large doses, since the administration of an insufficiently high dose and / or the premature withdrawal of medication can lead to the transition of the disease to a chronic form.
Experts have demonstrated the ineffectiveness of antibiotics in chronic brucellosis. The main role in this form of disease is the appointment of medications that have a nonspecific and specific desensitizing effect.
When detecting a chronic form of brucellosis, vaccinotherapy is the most effective, which not only reduces the sensitization of the body, but also has a stimulating effect on immunity.
Patients are also prescribed a complex of vitamins in combination with nonspecific stimulators of hematopoiesis. In winter, there is a need for general ultraviolet radiation.
In addition, antihistamines and corticosteroids are also used in treatment. Live vaccine for brucellosis is prescribed only for the prevention of disease.
Various methods for administering the vaccine are proposed: intravenous, intramuscular, as well as subcutaneous and intradermal. More information on how to treat brucellosis can be found by consulting with an expert.