Proper nutrition and diet for glaucoma
Glaucoma is a severe ophthalmic disease, which is characterized by increased intraocular pressure. Against the background of this phenomenon, the patient has a decrease in the severity and narrowing of the field of vision, as well as atrophic changes in the optic nerve.
Glaucoma disease can be classified into several types - simple, acute and stagnant. A patient with any of the varieties of glaucoma must constantly be registered with an ophthalmologist, and if a person has only begun to develop visual disturbances, he should immediately contact a qualified specialist who will prescribe the necessary treatment.
Basic nutrition information
In order to become an active assistant for your attending physician in the treatment of a disease such as glaucoma, you need to clearly understand for yourself all the expert's recommendations regarding your pathology. To achieve positive results, therapy for glaucoma should be started at an early stage of the disease, until the eye is not irreversibly changed. Important in the treatment of glaucoma and the right way of life, which includes a clear regime of the day and proper nutrition.
Positive changes in glaucomatous processes can also be achieved thanks to walking walks in the fresh air, a good effect is provided by light physical exercises, general tempering of the body, respiratory gymnastics, and also proper nutrition with glaucoma.
Eating with glaucoma of the eye is considered an important factor in the treatment of this disease. The correct diet, as well as the complex use of vitamins and minerals, have a beneficial effect on the condition of the optic nerve, and also improve the metabolic processes in it. If we talk about a special diet that is indicated to patients with glaucoma, then preference should be given to dairy products, which contain many useful substances.
In order to maintain the condition and restore the eye tissues, first of all, it is desirable to include foods rich in vitamins in the diet. Vitamins A( beta-carotene), C and E are the most suitable for a variety of vitamin groups for glaucoma patients, especially since they have antioxidant qualities, and this largely prevents the progression of the disease. The source of vitamin C are products such as red pepper, beets, cabbage, asparagus, strawberries, tomatoes and spinach.
If we talk about the natural sources of vitamin A, then they are extremely diverse. The largest reserves of this vitamin are found in potatoes, raw carrots, least of all in apples. A moderate amount of beta-carotene is found in apricots, beets, red pepper, green salad, cabbage, citrus fruits, and bananas.
Vitamin E is rich in various vegetable oils, for example, sunflower, corn, peanut and olive, poultry and sea fish, fresh herbs. Patients with glaucoma should consume red grapes, blueberries and blueberries.
In addition to vitamins with antioxidant properties, patients with glaucoma should be assigned vitamins of group B( B1, B2, B6, B12).They are responsible for oxidative reactions that are involved in cell growth and carbohydrate metabolism. These vitamins are found in large quantities in dairy products, sprouted cereals, brewer's yeast, nuts, meat and fish.
Along with vitamins, a sufficient number of microelements should be included in the daily diet of such patients, because they exert an effect on all biochemical processes occurring in the body( including the optic nerve and retina).Important sources of microelements include green vegetables, fruits, cereals, meat and fish.
Correct diet for glaucoma
- Low-fat varieties of meat, fish( preferably in boiled form);
- Products from soy;
- Milk and lactic acid products( yogurts, yogurt, biocreamers, etc.);
- Low-fat cottage cheese and cheese;
- Croup - oats, buckwheat, millet;
- Vegetable, vegetarian soups, low-fat meat soups 1-2 times a week;
- Black and white bread, but not more than 200 grams per day;
- Vegetables( cabbage, cucumber, tomato, zucchini, pumpkin) in moderation;
- Beans( beans, beans, peas).
The following products should be restricted to the maximum extent possible:
- Strong tea and coffee;
- Foods and spices;
- Concentrated fish and meat broths;
- Wash and salted products.
It should not be forgotten that frequent or systematic use of alcoholic beverages for patients with glaucoma is strictly prohibited! It is also desirable to give up smoking and other bad habits, as they worsen the condition of the vessels.