Treatment of toxoplasmosis with folk remedies and methods
Jul 07, 2018
Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease caused by protozoa, which is characterized by damage to the nervous and lymphatic systems, eyes, skeletal muscles, myocardium, etc., affecting mainly persons with reduced immunity and newborns. Toxoplasmosis is divided into congenital and acquired. More details about the symptoms of this disease can be seen here.
The causative agent of toxoplasmosis is coccidia. It is an intracellular parasite( toxoplasma gondii) that affects any nuclear cells. Sexual development of the parasite occurs in the cells of the intestinal mucosa of the cat( the final host), asexual in the body of different species of animals( birds, mammals), as well as in humans( intermediate hosts).The final stage of sexual development is immature oocysts, in which sporozoids develop within 2-5 days, and the oocyst is already ready to be infected with the organism that swallows it. Oocysts in soil retain their viability up to one year.
The existence in the body of an intermediate host( pig, etc.) is divided into two stages: trophozoids( reproducing stage) and tissue cysts. Trophozoids cause an initial( acute leaking) phase of toxoplasmosis, and tissue cysts - a chronic phase of inflammation. Tissue cysts are introduced into the central nervous system, muscles and other organs. This parasite can destroy cells and cause micro necrosis.
Acquired toxoplasmosis is the most common disease transmitted to humans from animals. Its causative agent - specific toxoplasmic antibodies in the blood serum found in representatives of all orders of wild vertebrates and in all species of domestic animals. Toxoplasmosis in humans occurs everywhere, on all continents, in all climatic and geographical areas, but more often in areas with a hot and humid climate, and also among the rural population.
It is believed that toxoplasma infected almost a third of the world's population. In Central Africa and South America, the incidence of toxoplasmosis reaches 60-90%, in Western Europe and North America - 25-50%, in South and South-East Asia - 5-25%.According to statistics, more than 70% of Russians are sick with toxoplasmosis!
Acquired toxoplasmosis in most cases occurs as asymptomatic carriage. Diagnosis of it is difficult, and there is no systematic recording of cases.
The spread of toxoplasmosis among people is affected by the presence of cats in populated areas, the eating habits of insufficiently thermally processed meat, the level of sanitary culture of the population.
In natural foci of toxoplasmosis, the circulation of the pathogen occurs mainly along the victim-predator chain, where the final host is a member of the feline family, and the intermediate is a human, numerous mammalian animals and birds. In dispersing toxoplasm, migratory birds play a major role. In so-called synanthropic foci, the causative agent of toxoplasmosis circulates in the cat's body, which acts as the final host. As intermediate hosts can act pigs, sheep, rabbits, chickens, mice, and from wild birds - sparrows.
Everyone should know this! The main source of infection for humans is the infected animals( mammals and birds), infected with toxoplasma, whose meat is eaten raw or not thermally processed, cats that scatter oocysts with feces in the environment( soil) or in a room where they pollute the floors, furniture. The disease is transmitted through the hands of children in contact with cats."Favorite" cats, dogs do their "black" business. The source of infection of the body by parasites is always close. And how much deworming is not carried out, the cat is here like this: from her into the human body at any time can get a myriad of parasites. And they will devour your body mercilessly! Think about why get rid of helminths if the purring parasite breeding ground continues to live next door? Know: in countries located on the equator, because of the danger of getting infected with toxoplasmosis, people never start cats and dogs.
Transmission of toxoplasm occurs mainly through the mouth. It is also possible that the pathogen can penetrate through damaged skin in workers of meat-packing plants, fur farms, and in the processing of invasive animals. Single cases of infection of people with transplantation of organs and tissues are described.
From the sites of introduction the pathogen is entered into the lymphatic system, causing the development of lymphadenitis. When entering the blood, toxoplasma settles in various organs and tissues( in the nervous system, in the eyes, in the liver, in the spleen, in the lymph nodes, in the skeletal muscles, in the myocardium).Often in places of congestion of parasites inflammatory foci appear, which later turn into necrosis. Toxoplasma causes in the host organism the formation of specific antibodies that limit the rapid development of the parasite.
When toxoplasmosis affects the lymphatic system( zasneusheynye, submandibular, axillary, inguinal and mesenteric lymph nodes).Lymph nodes increase in size. The spleen is less likely to be affected.
Characterized by hepatitis with cholestasis, small areas of necrosis and miliary granulomas, inflammation in the biliary tract. When the disease progresses, the muscles are involved: calf, femoral, lower half of back, in myocardium. Seals can be found in them. Infiltrates appear in the lungs, kidneys, brain( encephalitis, meningoencephalitis).The defeat of the eye is characterized by focal necrosis, inflammation of the retina and the vascular membrane.
There are acute and chronic forms of toxoplasmosis. The incubation period can last from 3 days to several months. Only general weakness, pain in the muscles, dyspeptic disorders, malaise, decreased efficiency are possible. In some cases, with an acute form of toxoplasmosis, the temperature rises to 38 ° C;often enlarged lymph nodes, which are welded together. The increase is painless, but the density of the nodes is noticeably increased( the size of the lymph nodes in case of toxoplasmosis is from 0.5 to 4 cm).Simultaneously, there is an increase in different groups of peripheral lymph nodes( cervical, axillary, inguinal, etc.).There may be an increase in lymph nodes of the abdominal cavity, mediastinum. Sometimes there is a rash in the form of papules, remotely reminiscent of roseola. Often, the liver and spleen are enlarged, sometimes the picture of myocarditis develops, which has an infectious and allergic origin. There are pain in the heart, palpitation, dyspnea. The onset of the disease can be hidden.
In more severe cases of toxoplasmosis, CNS can be affected in the form of encephalitis or meningoencephalitis( severe headache, vomiting, convulsive seizures with loss of consciousness, damage to the cranial nerves, various mental disorders).Characteristic syndromes of obscuration of consciousness.
Acute acquired toxoplasmosis sometimes turns into a chronic form with local lesions of organs and systems. Complaints of patients are similar: headache, weakness, emotional instability, slightly elevated temperature. There can develop accompanying diseases: myocarditis, chronic pneumonia, bronchitis, chronic gastritis, enterocolitis, cholecystitis, hepatitis, arthralgia, myositis, muscle atrophy, in women - adnexitis, endometritis, which is accompanied by menstruation disorders, infertility.
With chronic acquired toxoplasmosis, brain damage occurs over many years. Periodically, there are exacerbations. Symptoms of the disease are diverse: they include a violation of intelligence, memory, asthenia, encephalitis, meningoencephalitis, arachnoiditis, encephalomyelopolyradiculoneuritis. It is possible to develop epileptic seizures. At exacerbations there are sudden attacks of anxiety or fear, confusion. Against the background of an asthenic condition, depression, hypochondria may develop. Eye lesions with toxoplasmosis are very diverse: in the retina or under it there are hemorrhages, atrophy of the optic nerve is possible, etc.
What happens? The form of congenital toxoplasmosis depends on the term of fetal development of the fetus on which the infection occurred. In newborns, jaundice, fever and intoxication, encephalitis and eye damage, as well as other organs, can be detected. In chronic form, hydrocephalus, microcephaly and oligophrenia develop.
Acquired toxoplasmosis is divided into acute and chronic depending on the form of manifestation. There is an increase in the liver and spleen, signs of myocarditis and encephalitis are possible.
In chronic form, toxoplasmosis is a prolonged slow-onset disease. The main manifestations of chronic toxoplasmosis - myalgia, arthralgia, intoxication and fever. The disease is accompanied by a decrease in memory and increased irritability, aching in the abdomen, constipation, a feeling of nausea.
What should do? Treatment of toxoplasmosis is carried out under the supervision of a doctor.
Diagnostics of .To detect the disease, use an intradermal test with toxoplasmine. She can show a positive result at the 4-6th week after infection and remains so for life. Informative and serological reactions( the cup of the RSK).
The source of infection with toxoplasmosis is primarily a cat. The disease is also transmitted through direct contact( hands), contaminated food and dishes, as well as when consuming raw meat that has not been heat treated.
Treatment. Treatment of acute and chronic toxoplasmosis is carried out with chloridine in combination with sulfanilamide preparations( sulfadimezine, sulphapyridazine, sulfadimethoxin, ethazole, norsulfazole) for 5 days with intermittent intervals of 7-10 days. Usually, 3 cycles are prescribed, which is one course of treatment.
Adults prescribe chloride at a dose of 0.025 g: the first day - 4 times, the next days - 2 times a day. Sulfadimezin should be taken according to this scheme: on the first day - 3-4 g in 3-4 doses, in the following days - 2-3 grams per day. To prevent the side effects of chloridine, folic acid is prescribed.
Contraindications to the use of chloride and sulfonamide drugs - diseases of the blood, kidneys, cardiac decompensation. After the transferred toxoplasmosis irreversible consequences in the form of disturbances of work of the brain, eyes, internal and genital organs leading to disability can remain.
Everyone should know this! To protect against toxoplasmosis, you should strictly follow the rules of personal hygiene: wash hands after contact with raw meat, eat meat products that have necessarily undergone thermal treatment. It is not recommended tasting raw meat minced meat. Raw meat with prolonged storage should be frozen at -20 ° C for at least 24 hours: under such conditions, the tissue cysts die. In faeces of a cat, oocysts with sporozoids contained in them retain viability up to 2 years. Domestic cats can not be fed raw meat. Feces need to be removed daily.
Congenital toxoplasmosis develops as a result of intrauterine infection of the fetus from a mother with a toxoplasmosis. Circulating in the fetal blood of toxoplasma are recorded in all organs and tissues. Fetal infection leads to miscarriages, the birth of a dead child, and to severe organ damage, often incompatible with life. Especially dangerous for the fetus is chronic toxoplasmosis endometritis in the mother. The fetus in all affected organs there are areas of necrosis( dying tissue) and common infiltrates.
Daddies and Moms! Take it responsibly to prepare for conception! Parasitic embryo lesion leads to the birth of a seriously ill child, so first of all, check for the presence of helminths in the body, including toxoplasm. Try not to touch the cat's dishes and instruct someone else to clean the cat's toilet. In extreme cases, wear rubber gloves. Move out of the house of four-legged and feathered pets from
, clean the dwelling of parasites, try to avoid visiting friends who have cats, dogs, hamsters, and so on. Do not visit the places where dogs and cats go.
When the baby is born, during the walk, make sure that he does not pick up or stuff things in the mouth, do not let him pet cats and dogs. Particular attention should be given to hygiene, if the apartment is a baby-slider. Do not let him into the toilet and into the hallway, make sure that he can not get to the street shoes.
Symptoms of congenital toxoplasmosis can be detected already at the time of the birth of the child. Researchers distinguish between acute, subacute and chronic phases of the disease.
Acute phase is characterized by a general severe condition, an increase in temperature( often a little elevated, rarely higher), jaundice, enlarged liver and spleen, the appearance of a rash - roseosa, papular, hemorrhagic. Possible dyspeptic disorders, pneumonia, myocarditis. The defeat of the nervous system is manifested by lethargy, drowsiness, anxiety, muscle hypotension, strabismus. Deviations from the norm in the blood test are noted. As the inflammation slows down, the disease can take a subacute course.
In the subacute phase( stage of active encephalitis), lethargy, drowsiness or excitation, vomiting, convulsions, tremor, paralysis, paresis, temperature increase, eye changes( up to strabismus), increased intracranial pressure. Gradually develops hydrocephalus.
In the chronic stage( postencephalitic defect) there are irreversible changes in the central nervous system: hydrocephalus or microcephaly, anxiety attacks, convulsions, mental retardation to the degree of idiocy, deafness, irreversible changes in the form of microphthalmia, optic nerve atrophy.
Congenital toxoplasmosis may persist for a long time;in such cases, the postencephalitic defect is found in children at an older age. Seizures may first occur at the age of 2-7 years, and signs of oligophrenia - in preschool and even school age. At this time, headaches become more pronounced. The disease can last for many years.
The diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis is based on data on the symptoms of the disease and the results of a laboratory study of the child and his mother.
Chloridine and sulfonamide preparations. Children under 1 year of age should be taken at a dose of 1 mg per 1 kg of body weight per day. The daily dose for children from one year to 3 years is 0.01 g;from 4 to 7 years - 0.02 g;from 8 to 11 years - 0.03 g;from 12 to 15 years - 0.04 g( daily dose given in 2 divided doses).
Ethazol or sulfadimezine. The daily dose is 0.1-0.2 g per 1 kg of body weight.
Children older than 1 year, instead of etazol or sulfadimezin prescribe sulfanilamide drugs prolonged action( sulfadimetoksin).Conduct 3 courses of treatment for 5-7 days with a break of 7-10 days. In the absence of sufficient effect, up to 5 courses of treatment can be performed.
Prednisolone. The dose is determined from the calculation of 1 mg per 1 kg of body weight per day, taking into account the daily rhythm of adrenal function;vitamins B, null, B6, ascorbic and folic acid.
For exacerbations of congenital toxoplasmosis, the treatment is repeated. Prescribe general restorative and symptomatic therapy. Treatment is most effective in the acute phase of the disease, in which case it can even lead to complete recovery. In the extended phase, the effect is satisfactory, in the chronic phase, treatment is ineffective.
Acquired toxoplasmosis in pregnant women is accompanied by changes in the mucous membrane of the uterus - toxoplasma endometritis, which can cause impaired development of the fetal egg after implantation and spontaneous abortion. This causes dystrophic inflammation in the placenta, which leads to the development of its functional insufficiency;a threat of termination of pregnancy in the early period, a delay in the development of the fetus or its intrauterine death.
Treatment of pregnant and lactating mothers:
Spiramycin( rovamycin).3 mg 2-3 times a day( course - 1-2 weeks).Side effects - dyspeptic disorders( nausea, vomiting, diarrhea), allergic( skin) reactions. For the duration of treatment, breastfeeding should be discontinued.
Roxithromycin, azithromycin, clarithromycin( started to be used in the USA).Adults and children over 12 years of age are prescribed 250 mg every 12 hours, children under 12 years of age - 7.5 mg per 1 kg of body weight every 12 hours( maximum daily dose - 500 mg).The course of treatment is 7-14 days. Take inside without squeezing, squeezed a small amount of liquid.
Roxithromycin( rulit) is prescribed in a dosage of 0.150 g twice daily before meals( treatment course - no more than 10 days).Azithromycin( sumamed) - in a dosage of 500 mg( in tablets) or 250 mg( in capsules).Take the drug is recommended one hour before meals or 2 hours after meals once a day: the first day - 0.5, the 2-3rd day - 0.25.
Use the drugs offered to treat alveococcosis.
1 tsp.dry crushed grass frenzied cucumber pour 1 cup boiling silicon water, insist in a sealed container in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool at room temperature 45 minutes, drain. Take 1 tbsp.l.3 times a day for 15 minutes before meals. The plant is poisonous.
1 tsp.dry shredded leaves of the ordinary sapwood, pour 1 cup of boiling silicon water, insist in a sealed container in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool at room temperature for 45 minutes, drain. Take 1 tbsp.l.3 times a day for 15 minutes before meals. The internal use of a sparrow, as a poisonous plant, requires caution.
1 tsp.yellow jelly seeds, pour 1 cup of boiling silicon water, insist in a sealed container in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool at room temperature for 45 minutes, drain. Take 1 tbsp.l.3 times a day for 15 minutes before meals. Internal use of jaundice, as a poisonous plant, requires caution.
Powder of the hoof roots of Europe is effective to take 0.2-0.5 g 2-3 times a day before meals. Internal use of hooves, as a poisonous plant, requires caution.
1 tsp.dry shredded herb ordinary grasshopper pour 2 cups of boiling silicon water, infuse for 1 hour, drain. Take 1 tbsp.l.3 times a day before meals. Internal use of the ragwort, as a poisonous plant, requires caution.
Juice grass heron oak, as well as the common ragweed, diluted in a ratio of 1:10 cool with boiled silicon water, take 1 tbsp.l. Internal use of the ragwort, as a poisonous plant, requires caution.
1 tbsp.l.mature fruits of buckthorn alchoid( brittle) pour 1 cup of boiling silicon water, insist in a sealed container in a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cool at room temperature for 10 minutes, drain. Take 1/4 cup 3 times a day for 30 minutes before eating. Internal application of buckthorn, as a poisonous plant, requires caution.
1 tbsp.l.dry crushed roots bought medicinal pour 1 glass of boiling silicon water, insist in a sealed container in a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cool at room temperature for 10 minutes, drain. Take 1 tbsp.l.3 times a day for 30 minutes before meals. The internal use of the kitten, as a poisonous plant, requires caution.
1 tsp.dry chopped herb milk, pour
2 cups of boiling silicon water, insist in a sealed container in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool at room temperature for 45 minutes, drain. Take 1 tsp.3 times a day for 15 minutes before meals. Infusion also has a laxative, diuretic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, choleretic effect. Internal use of milkweed, as a highly poisonous plant, requires great care.
1 tsp.dry shredded rhizome rhinoceros congee pour 1 cup boiling silicon water, insist in a sealed container in a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cool at room temperature for 10 minutes, strain. Take as anthelminthic for 1 tbsp.l.3 times a day for 30 minutes before meals. Infusion also has a diuretic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, wound-healing effect. The internal use of a norichnik as a poisonous plant requires caution.
1 tsp.crushed leaves and mistletoe berries insist in 1 glass of cold boiled silicon water 1 hour, shaking periodically, strain. Take 1/3 cup 3 times daily before meals. The internal use of a norichnik as a poisonous plant requires caution.
1 tbsp.l.dry chopped herbs parsimonious ordinary pour 1 cup boiling silicon water, insist in a sealed container in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool at room temperature 45 minutes, drain. Take 1 tbsp.l.3 times a day for 15 minutes before meals. Internal application of a paranoid, as a poisonous plant, requires caution.
1 tbsp.l.dry crushed young shoots with leaves of nightshade black pour 1 cup of boiling silicon water, insist in a sealed container in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool at room temperature 45 minutes, drain. Take 1 tbsp.l.3 times a day for 15 minutes before meals. Internal use of nightshade, as a poisonous plant, requires caution.
Inflorescences, sometimes with leaves, tansy vulgare in the form of powder or infusion to take inside and do enemas from the infusion. Internal use of tansy, as a poisonous plant, requires caution.
Powder from inflorescences to take inside by 1/2 tsp.(0,5-3 g) 2 times a day before meals, washed down with warm boiled silicon water. For children from 10 to 15 years the dose of powder intake is reduced 2 times, and at the age of 5-10 years - 4 times.
2 tsp.flowers tansy insist 45 minutes in 1 / 2-2 / 3 cup warm boiled silicon water, filter and in a warm form with an enema enter the rectum, hold there for 10-15 minutes.
Pour 1 tbsp.l.dry flower baskets tansy 1 glass of boiling silicon water, infuse for 1 hour in a sealed container, then strain. Drink to 1 tbsp.l.3 times a day for 20 minutes before meals for 2-3 days. At the end of the course, take any laxative.
To make enemas with infusion of tansy.1 tbsp.l.dry flowers pour 0.5 liters of boiling water and insist for 3 hours, drain. Make an enema for the night. Attention! This means is contraindicated for children.
1 tbsp.l.powder of tansy flowers mixed with two chopped cloves of garlic, boil for 10 minutes in 2 glasses of milk in a closed dish on low heat. The filtered and introduced still warm contents of the enema hold up inside longer.
Mix in equal parts dry shredded inflorescences tansy, wormwood flowers bitter, chamomile pharmacy.1 tbsp.l.mixture pour 1 cup of boiling silicon water, insist, wrapped, 1 hour, strain. Apply as an enema.
10 g inflorescences tansy and 5 g grass celandine pour a glass of boiling silicon water, when the water cools down to + 25 ° -30 ° C, strain. Use enemas for children. Repeat three times, with two-week breaks.
Powder of leaves and fruits of mistletoe white take 0.5 g per day. The course of treatment is 3 days. The use of mistletoe inside, like a poisonous plant, requires caution.
Take 0.5 g powder of leaves and fruits of mistletoe white, 1 g of rhizome powder with roots of valerian officinalis. Take 1 powder per day for 3 days.
Mix 2-3 g of powder from leaves of wormwood bitter, 2 g of licorice root, 0.5 g of anise grass. Take 5 days in a row on an empty stomach, seize prunes.
1 tsp.dry chopped herbs rue odoriferous pour 1 cup boiling silicon water, insist in a sealed container in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool at room temperature 45 minutes, drain. Take 1 tbsp.l.3 times a day for 15 minutes before meals. Internal application of rue smelling like a poisonous plant requires caution.
1 tsp.dry crushed herbs of lanceolate thermopsis pour 1 cup of boiling silicon water, insist in a sealed container in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool at room temperature for 45 minutes, drain. Take 1 tbsp.l.3 times a day for 15 minutes before meals. Internal use of thermopsis, as a poisonous plant, requires caution.
1 tsp.dry crushed herb horsetail meadow( horsetail field) pour 1 cup boiling silicon water, insist in a sealed container in a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cool at room temperature for 10 minutes, drain. Take 1/3 cup 3 times a day one hour after a meal. Internal use of horsetail, as a poisonous plant, requires caution.
2 tsp.cones of hops pour 1 cup of boiling silicon water, insist in a sealed container in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool at room temperature for 45 minutes, drain. Take 1/4 cup 3 times a day for 15 minutes before meals. Internal use of hops, as a poisonous plant, requires caution.
2 tbsp.l.dry chopped roots sorrel horse pour 1 cup boiling silicon water, insist in a sealed container in a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cool at room temperature for 10 minutes, drain. Take 1/2 cup before bedtime. Internal use of sorrel horse, as a poisonous plant, requires caution.
Prevention of toxoplasmosis is compliance with sanitary and hygienic standards, excluding contact with cats and eating raw meat.