Useful and medicinal properties of elderberry black
Jul 06, 2018
The black elder is a shrub or a small tree 2-6 m high. It has large leaves 20-30 cm long, odd-pinnate, with 3-7 ovate-elongated leaves. Yellowish-white small fragrant flowers are collected in large scutes up to 20 cm in diameter. Fruit is a black juicy drupe with 3-6 flat bones. Blossom elder in May-June. Fruits ripen in August.
Black elder usually grows in the undergrowth of deciduous forests mainly in the southern half of the European part of Russia, in the Crimea and in the Caucasus. It is often cultivated in gardens and parks. Collect flowers usually with whole shields. After drying in the shade, they are easily separated from the peduncles. Flowers contain a little essential oil, there are flavonoids( including rutin), organic acids, glycoside, vitamins, phytosterol, mucous substances.
In folk medicine mainly black and red elderly are used, other species( brushy and herbaceous) have not yet found a medicinal use.
Infusion of the flowers of elderberry black has anti-inflammatory, diuretic, diaphoretic effect. Often it is also used as an expectorant for pulmonary diseases. Infusion of elderberry has a good effect in inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity and pharynx( rinsing), as an external remedy it is used for abrasions, cuts, wounds, furunculosis. Pouches with elder flowers, boiled water, are used to treat myositis, neuralgia, arthritis and polyarthritis. In this case, their effect is enhanced when mixed with chamomile flowers in equal parts.
The infusion of blackberry berries has a mild laxative, choleretic and diuretic effect. Herbalists and healers recommend it for kidney diseases accompanied by edema. Fruits are collected exclusively mature, dried under a canopy, sprinkling a thin layer, without access to sunlight. Dried fruits are separated from the pedicels.
Once the famous agronomist-self-taught A.T.Bolotov wrote in his diary: "... It happened not on purpose to bring one mistress to the house a brown color to dry for medical purposes. In the house of the hostess was a huge variety of black cockroaches. The cockroaches did not have time to hear the elderly spirit, as they went all the way out of the house and straight to the stables. The hostess, seeing this, was much surprised and guessed that the cockroach did not taste cockroaches. Out of curiosity, the clever mistress quickly transferred the elder's color to the stable where the cockroaches moved. And then the landlady of
finally made sure that the buzin color, or the smell of it, drove out the cockroaches from there, forcing him to go into his neighbor's house. .. "
It is noticed that the smell of elderberry can not be tolerated by cockroaches and mice. Even rats do not settle in barns, surrounded by thickets of elderberry.
For medicinal purposes, the infusion of elderberry( as a diaphoretic and astringent) is most often used. For the preparation of infusion 1 tbsp.l.dried flowers pour 200 ml of boiling water. Infuse 1 hour, drain. Drink 0.3 cup three times a day in a hot form.
The infusion of elderberry fruits is recommended by the Bulgarian experts in the cold way. To do this, 0.5 tsp. Fruit in the evening pour cold boiled water. In the morning the received infusion to drink in the heated kind.
In inflammatory diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract, the following collection is recommended:
1. Black elderberry flowers, St. John's wort inflorescence, chamomile flowers.
Take all equally, 1 tbsp.l.mixture pour a glass of boiling water, insist 1 h. Strain. Drink 1-2 glasses at night.
2. Elder flowers, nettle nettle leaf, parsley root, willow bark - all equally.
1 tbsp.l.chopped boil with a glass of boiling water, boil for 5 minutes on low heat, cool, drain.
Take 2 glasses a day with arthritis of various etiologies.
3. Elder flowers, sundew leaf, plantain leaf, three-color violet grass - all equally.
4 tsp.shredded collection boil 5 minutes, infuse 1 hour, strain. Take bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis for 1 glass per reception 2-3 times a day.
Elder broth is taken with insomnia, dyspnea for 0.6 cup 2-3 times a day. Decoctions and infusions of elderberry leaves are a good restorative, anti-inflammatory, analgesic. Significantly facilitates the condition of patients suffering from diabetes and hemorrhoids;externally used for furunculosis and erysipelas.