Jul 06, 2018
Mint is one of the most ancient medicines. It was used in the Ancient Greek period, for the first time it is mentioned by ancient Hellenes, then it appears in ancient Romans and other European nations.
About the medicinal properties of the plant were written by Hippocrates, Paracelsus, Avicenna. Peppermint was introduced into culture in the 18th century by the English. In Ukraine it was delivered in 1893.Currently, as an industrial crop is cultivated in Ukraine, in Moldova, Belarus, Krasnodar Territory.
Essential oil is obtained from milled peppermint plants by pepper distillation with steam. The yield is up to 0.5% "from 1 ton of raw material, from dry leaves - up to 3%
The main active substance of peppermint oil is menthol, the content of which varies from 50 to 70% depending on the type of mint. In addition to peppermint in medical practiceThe main properties of mint oil: stimulating for the nervous system, general tonic, improves the work of the stomach, antispasmodic, antiseptic general( especially for the intestine), anthelmintic, mild to mildew, mildew, mint, spearmint, mint.anesthesia, expectorant, monthly, mild excitatory( sexual attraction), delays the secretion of milk, destroys parasites, frightens off mosquitoes, analgesic, and in large doses disrupts sleep
When mint oil is applied to mucous membranes or rubbed into the skin, it irritates the nerve endings, causingsensation of cold and tingling When cold receptors are excited, surface vessels narrows and the internal ones refractorically expand. This explains the reduction of pain under the influence of menthol in angina pectoris.
Mint oil has vasoactive properties: it regulates arteriovenous tone, prevents the increase of the tone of intracranial veins with the intake of nitroglycerin, promotes the outflow of blood through the external veins. With the ingestion of peppermint oil, receptors of the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines are irritated, menthol enhances peristalsis, and has antiseptic effect.
At the same time, the processes of putrefaction and fermentation are limited, secretion of the digestive glands is intensified. Mint oil vapors have antimicrobial properties, especially this relates to Staphylococcus aureus and a number of spore-forming bacteria.
Mint oil has anti-inflammatory and capillary-strengthening effect.
In experiments on white rats, mint oil helped to prevent the development of ulcerative process in 50% of cases.
Mint oil has a choleretic property, which is associated with the presence of polyphenols in its composition. Under the influence of mint oil, the exocrine function of the liver increases, the composition of bile changes, the excretion of bile cholates, cholesterol, bilirubin increases, while the antitoxic function of the liver increases, and metabolism normalizes. Mint oil acts spasmolytic.
Mint of peppermint, peppermint essential oil and menthol produces a large number of complex medicinal products and phytopreparations.
The tincture of peppermint and consists of an alcoholic tincture of peppermint leaves and an equal amount of peppermint essential oil. Apply inside 10 to 15 drops per reception as an antiemetic, carminative and analgesic, with neuralgia, with stomach and bowel spasms, indigestion, belching, diarrhea. .,
Can be added to dental elixirs. The intake of a peppermint or mint oil inside increases the sex drive.
Peppermint oil is used in medicines for 1 to 3 drops with flatulence, liver and gallbladder diseases. It can be incorporated into composite mixtures used to flavor air in enclosed spaces. Essential oil of peppermint kill staphylococci in 3,5 hours.
Mint broth and essential oil is recommended for bathing children suffering from scrofula and rickets.
Peppermint water is used to rinse the mouth cavity, add to the medicines used to treat skin, mucous membrane, hemorrhage, gingivitis, stomatitis, laryngitis, pharyngitis.
It has been established that the essential oils of peppermint, cumin, and medicinal sage, which influence the causative agents of epidermophytosis, rubrofitia, trichophytosis and microsmall, are distinguished by antimicrobial actions against microbes of the intestinal group. So for the treatment of yeast erosion of the hands and rubrophytic nails it is necessary to use mint and caraway essential oils.
Yeast erosion in the treatment of ointment containing these essential oils, quickly disappear, nails damaged by rub-roffiti begin to grow from the nail bed without lesions.
Mint essential oil is a part of Corvalolum, Corvaldine.
Menthol, extracted from mint oil, is a part of the drops of Zelenin, preparations: pectusin, eucatol, menovazine, aerosol mixtures of campho and ingakamf, used in the form of drops for the nose, is part of menthol, migraine pencils. Balm "Golden Star" contains essential oils: mint, clove, eucalyptus, cinnamon. Applied with common diseases: cold, cold, flu, for inhalation. With headache and dizziness, rub balm in the temporal, occipital and frontal areas.
Mint essential oil is a part of the inhalation mixtures of the inhaler Mahold.
It is used in the food industry for the production of liqueurs, vodkas, confectionery, in perfumery in the manufacture of toothpastes, powders, elixirs, toilet waters.
Mint essential oil and peppermint leaves with their unique cooling pleasant taste and strong delicate aroma are also used in cooking for aromatization of sauces, beverages.
Mint, mint ethereal m aslo can not be used uncontrolled. Large doses of essential oil in inhalation mixtures can provoke bronchospasm, respiratory distress. May also cause the appearance of pain in the heart.
Green mint contains essential oil. It includes: a special substance menthol, esters of valerian and acetic acids, valuable trace elements( copper, manganese, etc.), as well as vitamin A( carotene), betaine, various flavonoids, hesperedin, tannins and some other biologically active substances.
The main value of mint is in menthol. It acts as an anti-inflammatory agent, relieves spasms, including the brain, causes vasodilation, gives choleretic and local anesthetic effect. Therefore, drugs with this substance are prescribed under the tongue with angina pectoris, inside - with pain in the stomach and intestines. Infusions of mint leaves are soothing to the nervous system, help with nausea and vomiting, improve the work of the digestive system. The herb of peppermint is an excellent strengthening agent in case of loss of strength, soothes with nervous and heart diseases, it is effective for insomnia, increased excitability, neuralgia( pain of nervous origin), hypertension. Mint oil provides essential help with hemorrhoids.
External preparations with mint are also used for neuralgic pains, toothache, migraines, neurodermatitis. In the form of rinses and inhalations - with inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, in the form of drops and ointments - for the treatment of inflammation of throat and larynx, bronchitis, tracheitis, rhinitis( rhinitis).
In folk medicine, mint is a recognized remedy for inflammation of the gallbladder, cholelithiasis, is used for pulmonary hemorrhage, menstrual irregularities, externally for baths, lotions for skin diseases. Fresh mush of mint leaves is applied to the skin areas affected by the fungus - it is able to cope even with such a persistent pathogen.
A pouch with mint leaves can be hung at the head of the bed - for the prevention or treatment of sleep disorders. Or stuff a fragrant grass with a "sleeping pillow" - with her a healthy deep sleep will be provided.
In cosmetics, essential oil of peppermint essential oil is used. It is indispensable for caring for oily skin, prone to inflammation, helps with enlarged pores on the face;weakens the pigmentation of the skin, helps to remove scars and scars on the skin.
Fresh and dried leaves and flowers of fragrant herbs are put as useful seasoning in salads, soups, vegetable and meat dishes, sauces, used for pickling. Especially popular is mint in English national cuisine.
In addition, it should be remembered that mint has also contraceptive properties.
A ready-made menthol preparation in high doses can cause allergic reactions to the skin, nausea, and breathing problems. However, if you follow the formula when preparing home remedies, the likelihood of an overdose is almost zero.
Preparing for medical purposes the aboveground part of the plant during the budding period. Dry in the shade - under a canopy or in an attic. Store in a closed glass or wooden container for 2 years.
Preparations of peppermint and their use
Extract: dessert spoon leaves on a cup of boiling water, take 3 cups a day, taking into account individual susceptibility. Tincture of mint take 15 to 20 drops per reception.
Essential oil for 2 to 5 drops is drunk with honey 2 - 3 times a day.
Here is the recipe for gastric medicine: mint alcohol - 15 g anise alcohol - 15 g. Cinnamon syrup -30 g. Lime water - 120 g. Take a tablespoon 3 times a day. Mint and anise alcohol - 1% solution of these oils in 75% ethyl alcohol. Cinnamon syrup can be replaced with rose hip syrup.
Lime water - 1 tbsp.spoon lime flowers pour 1 tbsp.boil and persist for 10-15 minutes.
Peppermint leaves are used in the form of infusion in case of heavy menstruation. The infusion is prepared in the following way: 20 g of leaves are insisted in 0.5 L of boiling water in a tightly closed container for 2 hours. Take half a cup of 3 - 4 times a day before meals.
With fear in dreams, nightmarish dreams, neurosis drink infusion, prepared according to an old recipe: pour 0.5 l of boiling water over 2 tablespoons of peppermint leaves and spoonful of the present, insist in a sealed container for 2 hours, strain and drink for 100 grams.every hour for 6 days.
For the removal of well-known symptoms of a person's state of health after alcohol intoxication( headache, a sharp decrease in working capacity, nausea, dizziness, etc.), a composition consisting of 2 drops of peppermint oil, 1 g of succinic acid and 10 g of sugar per 100 grams is recommended.water. All this is drunk at a time for 30 minutes, the well-being is greatly improved.
This tool can be used to reduce the performance, with physical, emotional and mental overload. A rapid restoration of the energy potential with a calming effect is achieved. The tool is also recommended for long distance drivers, sportsmen, divers, etc.
Dr. E. Bach notes the positive mental and emotional impact of the mint-grass on oils: it stimulates brain function, promotes memory concentration.
Bioenergetics believe that mint oil enhances breathing, renews the energy layer, eliminates stress, relaxes, helps to cope with diseases.
Oil is also used as a deterrent for mosquitoes: it is necessary to apply a drop of peppermint oil to the pillow.
Young mint leaves are a favorite spice in Arabic, Spanish, French and Italian cuisines. They improve the taste of meat dishes and are an integral part of vegetable salads.