• Games that develop a purposeful perception of color

    Conscious, purposeful perception of color is not an inherent quality. Only adults can help children see the world of colors, catch all variety of color tones and form a steady visual image of color. The offered games will help teach children to distinguish and name those color tones that are most often found in their surroundings. These games contain two types of teaching tasks: 1. Tasks for the purposeful discrimination of color tones.2. Tasks for the correct naming of colors.

    The solution of problems of the first type is due to the fact that the coloring of objects fulfills the role of a signal to action or its prohibition. The child compares and chooses objects by their color. I'm educated showing the children the rational methods of comparing color gons with each other. The use of such techniques leads to the formation of a stable visual image of the color tone, which allows the child to correctly distinguish the colors of objects in a variety of conditions.

    The tasks of the second type differ in that, when solving them, children find the necessary objects by color and learn how to correctly designate the color tones by the word. Correct naming of colors is a condition for playing communication with peers and adults. The color perception of the baby rises to a higher level, if in daily activities he will actively call the color.

    In this respect, the tasks of the development game differ from the tasks of visual activity, where discrimination, comparison of color tones performs a supporting role and, as a rule, is not realized by the child.

    It is very important that the discrimination of color tones is significant for the child. Therefore, familiarity with color should be associated with the active activities of children and with objects attractive to them. In some cases, color can act as a signal that induces certain game actions; in others, color discrimination can become a condition for obtaining an attractive object.

    But in all cases, the distinction and naming of colors is a condition for gaming communication.

    In order for babies to successfully distinguish color tones, the following requirements for materials and toys should be observed:

    1. Objects should be attractive to the child, cause an aesthetic attitude.

    2. They should be painted in pure colors of medium lightness and brightness.

    These requirements are met by toys and manuals made of silk, plastic, cardboard, wood, metal.

    The instructor should have the following materials: multicolored flags, colored ribbons, colored paper strips, colored mugs on pendants, monochrome pyramids with thick rings, board game "Colored rugs", colored boxes and miniature toys, painted in pure tones.