Jun 26, 2018
The Italian, or regular, palmette with inclined branches represents an artificial flattened form of the crown of fruit trees and consists of a central conductor and 6-8 basic skeletal branches arranged in tiers of 2 branches in a tier. The branches in the tier are directed in opposite directions along the row. When forming palmettes, take unbranched seedlings and, after planting, shorten to the required height from the soil surface to obtain lateral branches from adjacent buds. With good branching, two shoots are selected from which two branches of the first stage form and shorten them by 1/3 of their length, The conductor is cut just above the tops of the selected and abandoned shoots. In the following years, branches of the upper
from the central shoots grow on the central conductor of the shoots. The Italian palmetta
is already without shortening. To stimulate the formation of lateral branches to bookmark the next tier, the central conductor is cut every year. After the termination of palmette formation, the central conductor is cut over the last tier of the main branches. The angle of departure of the main skeletal branches from the central conductor is achieved by fixing them to the support at an angle of 45-50 °.The distance between the tiers is reduced from the lower to the upper. Fouling branches are left on the main branches at a distance of 40 cm from the central conductor, supporting a length in the range of 60-100 cm, and give them a horizontal and drooping position. Unnecessary for the formation of palmettes and strongly growing on the upper side of the main branches, shoots are removed. Subordination of branches in the Italian palmette is achieved mainly by changing the slope of the branches: to decrease their growth, the distance from the central conductor is maslated, and to increase growth, they are reduced. Formation of the crown of the Italian palmetta lasts up to 7 years, while the height of the tree can reach 4 m in height. Italian palmetta is used to form trees of apple, pear, peach, plum on medium- and high-growth rootstocks.
Fertilized fruit crops