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Less common measures to protect against pests and diseases

  • Less common measures to protect against pests and diseases

    Hares

    The best thing against them is a good fence. But you can also scare them away by hanging on the tree branches black cardboard circles, half of which is smeared with bacon. Can not tolerate hares of naphthalene, lysol.

    Moles

    a) Scare off the smell of rotten herring and acetylene. The pieces of carbide should be laid in holes and sprinkled with moist soil.

    b) Fix the passages with a smoke filled with juniper.

    c) On both sides of the mole's passage in the hole, insert a champagne bottle with a cut bottom into the hole. Created through the neck of the rumble scares the mole.

    Mice

    a) Install a fixed fence of tree trunks with a metal( plastic) mesh or wrap it in late autumn( before freezing of the soil).nylon stockings and pantyhose, raspberry stems, coniferous branches( needles down).You can also use plastic bottles for this, cutting off the bottoms, the upper part and cutting them along.

    b) Scare away mice with plants( live and dry) tansy, coriander, medicinal blackcurrant, imperial hazelnut.

    c) Capture by mousetraps usual or in the form of a milk bottle, which is dug into the soil, and a piece of bacon( for bait) is placed on the bottom or 50-100 g of sunflower oil is poured.

    d) Get rid of mice by catching them with various mousetraps, as well as unfolding poisoned baits. For example, mix 1 kg of grain with 50 g of zinc phosphide or 5 g of a rat, add 50 g of sunflower oil, and bait in small paper bags into mouse holes. As a bait, the following compositions will act against the mice: flour + alabaster( 1: 1) or flour + granulated sugar + alabaster( 1: 1: 1) with sunflower oil( for odor).

    Hibernating stages of pests. Instead of the nitrafen preparation with eradicating spraying, before blossoming of the kidneys, a 10% solution of table salt( 1 kg per 10 liters of water) can be used.

    CANDY COLORED

    At an air temperature of no higher than 10 ° C, it is recommended that in the morning the beetles be shaken off onto the film spread out under the tree. In the phase of the "green cone" sprayed with coniferous concentrate solution - 2-4 tablespoons per 10 liters of water.

    Plodozhorka

    Immediately after flowering, hang out on the trees containers with bait liquid of such composition: 1 liter kefir, curdled milk or sour milk on a bucket of water. Every morning, take out the butterflies from the tanks. It's good to make a light trap, since butterflies fly at night.

    At the beginning of June, the hunting belts are laid on the stems - corrugated cardboard harnesses. Every 10 days until August, the hunting belts must be inspected and destroyed caterpillars accumulated there.

    To discourage the moth flies, you can hang several small jars of tar in the tree crown.

    Forage

    In addition to herbal infusions and decoctions against aphids, there are other methods.

    a) You can wash the aphids from the leaves with water - a stream of hose.

    b) Spray the leaves with hot water( 60 ° C).But there are two comments on this method - you need to monitor the temperature so as not to scorch the leaves, and the sprayer should have metal parts, and not plastic ones( otherwise it will deteriorate).

    c) Spray with the following compositions:

    - soap and oil suspension( 1 tablespoon of soap + 1 cup vegetable oil = concentrate, which is diluted 1: 1 with water);

    - copper-soap liquid( for 9 liters of water - 200 g of soap and 20 g of mustard powder, pour a solution of copper sulfate into the mixture - 20 g per 1 liter);

    - infusion of mustard( 100 g of dry powder per 10 liters of water -2 days, dilute 2 times);

    - infusion of wood ash( 1/3 bucket pour hot water and press 2 days).

    Gooseberd flies

    Late fall or early spring lay out streaks of strips of ruberoid, film, linoleum. After tying berries mulch can be removed, and you can leave.

    Gooseberry moth. Spray the bushes with a solution of herring brine - 1 glass per 10 liters of water.

    Most Dangerous Diseases:

    Powdery Mildew( on currant and gooseberry)

    a) Water the bushes with hot water( 60-70 ° C) early in the spring until the buds bloom;

    b) Spray the following compounds:

    - 200 g of dry mustard per 10 liters of water + 40 g of soap;

    - 1 liter of whey or reverse( no more than 2 days of aging) per 9 liters of water;

    - trisodium phosphate( washing powder) - 60-100 g per 10 liters of water;

    - soda ash - 50 g + 20 g of soap per 10 l of water.

    - 4 kg of grass sowing field on 10 liters of water. Spray 3-4 times a day at intervals of a week.

    Scab( on apple, pear)

    Sprinkle trees with 5-7% urea solution( carbamide, 500-700 g per 10 l of water) late autumn, when about 1/3 of the leaves from the tree are already opal, and early in the spring,circle with the same strong solution. It will serve simultaneously as a nitrogen fertilizer.

    Lishayas on trees

    Gardeners should not worry much about this, as lichens on trees can be considered an indicator of good ecology in the area. But it is possible to fight with the lichen if you wipe the trunks with a weekly infusion of wood ash and caustic potassium( KOH) with water in a ratio of 1: 1: 8.The treatment with 5% ferrous sulfate solution, as well as with the following composition will also help: 250 g of carbolic acid + 400 g of table salt + 400 g of laundry soap + 50 g of turpentine.